skip to main content


Title: Avoidance of tearing mode locking with electro-magnetic torque introduced by feedback-based mode rotation control in DIII-D and RFX-mod

Disruptions caused by tearing modes (TMs) are considered to be one of the most critical roadblocks to achieving reliable, steady-state operation of tokamak fusion reactors. We have demonstrated a promising scheme to avoid mode locking by utilizing the electro-magnetic (EM) torque produced with 3D coils that are available in many tokamaks. In this scheme, the EM torque is delivered to the modes by a toroidal phase shift between the externally applied field and the excited TM fields, compensating for the mode momentum loss through the interaction with the resistive wall and uncorrected error fields. Fine control of torque balance is provided by a feedback scheme. We have explored this approach in two widely different devices and plasma conditions: DIII-D and RFX-mod operated in tokamak mode. In DIII-D, the plasma target was high β N in a non-circular divertor tokamak. We define β N as β N = β/(I p /aB t) (%Tm/MA), where β, I p, a, B t are the total stored plasma pressure normalized by the magnetic pressure, plasma current, plasma minor radius and toroidal magnetic field at the plasma center, respectively. The RFX-mod plasma was ohmically-heated with ultra-low safety factor in a circular limiter discharge with activemore » feedback coils outside the thick resistive shell. The DIII-D and RFX-mod experiments showed remarkable consistency with theoretical predictions of torque balance. The application to ignition-oriented devices such as the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) would expand the horizon of its operational regime. Finally, the internal 3D coil set currently under consideration for edge localized mode suppression in ITER would be well suited for this purpose.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [6] ;  [4]
  1. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  2. Consorzio RFX, Padova (Italy)
  3. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  4. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
  5. FAR-TECH, Inc., San Diego, CA (United States)
  6. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-09CH11466; SC0008520; FG02-08ER85195; FG02-04ER54761; FC02-04ER54698; AC05-00OR22725
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 57; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
IOP Science
Research Org:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States); General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
Contributing Orgs:
The DIII-D and RFX-mod Teams
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; tokamak; toroidal confinement experiment; MHD stability; neo-classical tearing mode
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1333514; OSTI ID: 1372089