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Title: Reaction pathways of furfural, furfuryl alcohol and 2-methylfuran on Cu(111) and NiCu bimetallic surfaces

Hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) is an important reaction for converting biomass-derived furfural to value-added 2-methylfuran, which is a promising fuel additive. In this work, the HDO of furfural to produce 2-methylfuran occurred on the NiCu bimetallic surfaces prepared on either Ni(111) or Cu(111). The reaction pathways of furfural were investigated on Cu(111) and Ni/Cu(111) surfaces using density functional theory (DFT) calculations, temperature programmed desorption (TPD) and high resolution electron energy loss spectroscopy (HREELS) experiments. These studies provided mechanistic insights into the effects of bimetallic formation on enhancing the HDO activity. Specifically, furfural weakly adsorbed on Cu(111), while it strongly adsorbed on Ni/Cu(111) through an η 2(C,O) configuration which led to the HDO of furfural on Ni/Cu(111). Lastly, the ability to dissociate H 2 on Ni/Cu(111) is also an important factor for enhancing the HDO activity over Cu(111).
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States). Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
  2. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering
  3. Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering; Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0039-6028
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704; AC02-98CH10886; 13-038
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Surface Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 652; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0039-6028
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Biomass; Furfural; Hydrodeoxygenation; NiCu bimetallic; 2-Methylfuran
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1359910