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Title: Numerical and neutron diffraction measurement of residual stress distribution in dissimilar weld

In this study, a model considering an asymmetric power heat distribution, temperature-dependent material properties, strain hardening and phase transformation was developed to predict temperature field and residual stress distribution in GTA dissimilar weld between austenitic stainless steel (304) and low carbon steel (1018). The effect of martensite formation on longitudinal and transverse residual stress distributions were investigated using both FE model and neutron diffraction measurement. The results indicate that martensitic phase has a significant influence on both residual stress components, i.e., transverse and longitudinal, and it not only can change the distribution shape of residual stress near the weld center line but, also, can alter the peak value of the residual stresses. The calculated temperature and weld zone profile were in agreement with the experimental results. Favorable general agreement was also found between the calculated residual stress distribution and residual stress measurements by the neutron diffraction method.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Clarkson Univ., Potsdam, NY (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Welding Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0043-2296
American Welding Society
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; FE modeling of residual stress; dissimilar weld; martensite phase; neutron diffraction
OSTI Identifier: