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Title: The dynamics of Al/Pt reactive multilayer ignition via pulsed-laser irradiation

Reactive multilayers consisting of alternating layers of Al and Pt were irradiated by single laser pulses ranging from 100 μs to 100 ms in duration, resulting in the initiation of rapid, self-propagating reactions. The threshold intensities for ignition vary with the focused laser beam diameter, bilayer thickness, and pulse length and are affected by solid state reactions and conduction of heat away from the irradiated regions. We used high-speed photography to observe ignition dynamics during irradiation and elucidate the effects of heat transfer into a multilayer foil. For an increasing laser pulse length, the ignition process transitioned from a more uniform to a less uniform temperature profile within the laser-heated zone. A more uniform temperature profile is attributed to rapid heating rates and heat localization for shorter laser pulses, and a less uniform temperature profile is due to slower heating of reactants and conduction during irradiation by longer laser pulses. Lastly, finite element simulations of laser heating using measured threshold intensities indicate that micron-scale ignition of Al/Pt occurs at low temperatures, below the melting point of both reactants.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND2016-12661J
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951; 649949
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 107; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Heat conduction; Laser beam effects; Multilayers; Laser heating; Cameras
OSTI Identifier:
1338394

Murphy, Ryan D., Reeves, Robert V., Yarrington, Cole D., and Adams, David P.. The dynamics of Al/Pt reactive multilayer ignition via pulsed-laser irradiation. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1063/1.4937161.
Murphy, Ryan D., Reeves, Robert V., Yarrington, Cole D., & Adams, David P.. The dynamics of Al/Pt reactive multilayer ignition via pulsed-laser irradiation. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4937161.
Murphy, Ryan D., Reeves, Robert V., Yarrington, Cole D., and Adams, David P.. 2015. "The dynamics of Al/Pt reactive multilayer ignition via pulsed-laser irradiation". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4937161. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1338394.
@article{osti_1338394,
title = {The dynamics of Al/Pt reactive multilayer ignition via pulsed-laser irradiation},
author = {Murphy, Ryan D. and Reeves, Robert V. and Yarrington, Cole D. and Adams, David P.},
abstractNote = {Reactive multilayers consisting of alternating layers of Al and Pt were irradiated by single laser pulses ranging from 100 μs to 100 ms in duration, resulting in the initiation of rapid, self-propagating reactions. The threshold intensities for ignition vary with the focused laser beam diameter, bilayer thickness, and pulse length and are affected by solid state reactions and conduction of heat away from the irradiated regions. We used high-speed photography to observe ignition dynamics during irradiation and elucidate the effects of heat transfer into a multilayer foil. For an increasing laser pulse length, the ignition process transitioned from a more uniform to a less uniform temperature profile within the laser-heated zone. A more uniform temperature profile is attributed to rapid heating rates and heat localization for shorter laser pulses, and a less uniform temperature profile is due to slower heating of reactants and conduction during irradiation by longer laser pulses. Lastly, finite element simulations of laser heating using measured threshold intensities indicate that micron-scale ignition of Al/Pt occurs at low temperatures, below the melting point of both reactants.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4937161},
journal = {Applied Physics Letters},
number = 23,
volume = 107,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {12}
}