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Title: Solubility constants of hydroxyl sodalite at elevated temperatures evaluated from hydrothermal experiments: Applications to nuclear waste isolation

Abstract

In this study, solubility constants of hydroxyl sodalite (ideal formula, Na 8[Al 6Si 6O 24][OH] 2·3H 2O) from 25°C to 100°C are obtained by applying a high temperature Al—Si Pitzer model to evaluate solubility data on hydroxyl sodalite in high ionic strength solutions at elevated temperatures. A validation test comparing model-independent experimental data to model predictions demonstrates that the solubility values produced by the model are in excellent agreement with the experimental data. In addition, the equilibrium constants obtained in this study have a wide range of applications, including synthesis of hydroxyl sodalite, de-silication in the Bayer process for extraction of alumina, and the performance of proposed sodalite waste forms in geological repositories in various lithologies including salt formations. The thermodynamic calculations based on the equilibrium constants obtained in this work indicate that the solubility products in terms of m ΣAl×m ΣSi for hydroxyl sodalite are very low (e.g., ~10 -13 [mol·kg -1] 2 at 100°C) in brines characteristic of salt formations, implying that sodalite waste forms would perform very well in repositories located in salt formations. Finally, the information regarding the solubility behavior of hydroxyl sodalite obtained in this study provides guidance to investigate the performance of other puremore » end-members of sodalite such as chloride- and iodide-sodalite, which may be of interest for geological repositories in various media.« less

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Sandia National Laboratories, Carlsbad Programs Group, Carlsbad, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1338338
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1396613
Report Number(s):
SAND2016-2300J
Journal ID: ISSN 0883-2927; 621958
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; SAND2016-2300J
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Geochemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 74; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0883-2927
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 58 GEOSCIENCES

Citation Formats

Xiong, Yongliang. Solubility constants of hydroxyl sodalite at elevated temperatures evaluated from hydrothermal experiments: Applications to nuclear waste isolation. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2016.09.009.
Xiong, Yongliang. Solubility constants of hydroxyl sodalite at elevated temperatures evaluated from hydrothermal experiments: Applications to nuclear waste isolation. United States. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2016.09.009.
Xiong, Yongliang. Sat . "Solubility constants of hydroxyl sodalite at elevated temperatures evaluated from hydrothermal experiments: Applications to nuclear waste isolation". United States. doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2016.09.009. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1338338.
@article{osti_1338338,
title = {Solubility constants of hydroxyl sodalite at elevated temperatures evaluated from hydrothermal experiments: Applications to nuclear waste isolation},
author = {Xiong, Yongliang},
abstractNote = {In this study, solubility constants of hydroxyl sodalite (ideal formula, Na8[Al6Si6O24][OH]2·3H2O) from 25°C to 100°C are obtained by applying a high temperature Al—Si Pitzer model to evaluate solubility data on hydroxyl sodalite in high ionic strength solutions at elevated temperatures. A validation test comparing model-independent experimental data to model predictions demonstrates that the solubility values produced by the model are in excellent agreement with the experimental data. In addition, the equilibrium constants obtained in this study have a wide range of applications, including synthesis of hydroxyl sodalite, de-silication in the Bayer process for extraction of alumina, and the performance of proposed sodalite waste forms in geological repositories in various lithologies including salt formations. The thermodynamic calculations based on the equilibrium constants obtained in this work indicate that the solubility products in terms of mΣAl×mΣSi for hydroxyl sodalite are very low (e.g., ~10-13 [mol·kg-1]2 at 100°C) in brines characteristic of salt formations, implying that sodalite waste forms would perform very well in repositories located in salt formations. Finally, the information regarding the solubility behavior of hydroxyl sodalite obtained in this study provides guidance to investigate the performance of other pure end-members of sodalite such as chloride- and iodide-sodalite, which may be of interest for geological repositories in various media.},
doi = {10.1016/j.apgeochem.2016.09.009},
journal = {Applied Geochemistry},
number = C,
volume = 74,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {9}
}

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