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Title: Detailed characterization of the LLNL imaging proton spectrometer

Abstract

Here, ultra-intense short pulse lasers incident on solid targets (e.g., several um thick Au foils) produce well collimated, broad-energy-spectrum proton beams. These proton beams can be used to characterize magnetic fields, electric fields (through particle deflection), and density gradients (through collisions) in high energy-density systems. The LLNL-Imaging Proton Spectrometer (L-IPS) was designed and built for use with such laser produced proton beams. The L-IPS has an energy range of 50 keV-40 MeV with a resolving power (E/dE) of about 275 at 1 MeV and 21 at 20 MeV, as well as a single spatial imaging axis. The protons enter the diagnostic through a vertical slit, aligned with a magnetic field imposed by permanent magnets. The protons are deflected perpendicular to the magnetic field (and therefor slit), so that spatial information in the direction of the slit is preserved. The extent to which the protons are bent by the magnetic field depends on the energy, so that the energy of the protons can be resolved as well. The protons are then measured by image plates, in which a meta-stable state is excited by collisions with the protons, which can later be imaged by a scanner. In order to better characterize themore » dispersion and imaging capability of this diagnostic, a 3D finite element analysis solver is used to calculate the magnetic field of the L-IPS. Particle trajectories are then obtained via numerical integration to determine the dispersion relation of the L-IPS in both energy and angular space.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [3];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  4. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Programs (DP) (NA-10)
Contributing Org.:
Jupiter Laser Facility at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
OSTI Identifier:
1338291
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1360155; OSTI ID: 1414093
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-16-24207
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748; RSINAK; TRN: US1701672
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002956; AC02-76SF00515; AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 87; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Rasmus, A. M., Hazi, A. U., Manuel, M. J. -E., Kuranz, C. C., Klein, S. R., Belancourt, P. X., Fein, J. R., MacDonald, M. J., Drake, R. P., Pollock, B. B., Park, J., Williams, G. J., and Chen, H. Detailed characterization of the LLNL imaging proton spectrometer. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1063/1.4962045.
Rasmus, A. M., Hazi, A. U., Manuel, M. J. -E., Kuranz, C. C., Klein, S. R., Belancourt, P. X., Fein, J. R., MacDonald, M. J., Drake, R. P., Pollock, B. B., Park, J., Williams, G. J., & Chen, H. Detailed characterization of the LLNL imaging proton spectrometer. United States. doi:10.1063/1.4962045.
Rasmus, A. M., Hazi, A. U., Manuel, M. J. -E., Kuranz, C. C., Klein, S. R., Belancourt, P. X., Fein, J. R., MacDonald, M. J., Drake, R. P., Pollock, B. B., Park, J., Williams, G. J., and Chen, H. Thu . "Detailed characterization of the LLNL imaging proton spectrometer". United States. doi:10.1063/1.4962045. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1338291.
@article{osti_1338291,
title = {Detailed characterization of the LLNL imaging proton spectrometer},
author = {Rasmus, A. M. and Hazi, A. U. and Manuel, M. J. -E. and Kuranz, C. C. and Klein, S. R. and Belancourt, P. X. and Fein, J. R. and MacDonald, M. J. and Drake, R. P. and Pollock, B. B. and Park, J. and Williams, G. J. and Chen, H.},
abstractNote = {Here, ultra-intense short pulse lasers incident on solid targets (e.g., several um thick Au foils) produce well collimated, broad-energy-spectrum proton beams. These proton beams can be used to characterize magnetic fields, electric fields (through particle deflection), and density gradients (through collisions) in high energy-density systems. The LLNL-Imaging Proton Spectrometer (L-IPS) was designed and built for use with such laser produced proton beams. The L-IPS has an energy range of 50 keV-40 MeV with a resolving power (E/dE) of about 275 at 1 MeV and 21 at 20 MeV, as well as a single spatial imaging axis. The protons enter the diagnostic through a vertical slit, aligned with a magnetic field imposed by permanent magnets. The protons are deflected perpendicular to the magnetic field (and therefor slit), so that spatial information in the direction of the slit is preserved. The extent to which the protons are bent by the magnetic field depends on the energy, so that the energy of the protons can be resolved as well. The protons are then measured by image plates, in which a meta-stable state is excited by collisions with the protons, which can later be imaged by a scanner. In order to better characterize the dispersion and imaging capability of this diagnostic, a 3D finite element analysis solver is used to calculate the magnetic field of the L-IPS. Particle trajectories are then obtained via numerical integration to determine the dispersion relation of the L-IPS in both energy and angular space.},
doi = {10.1063/1.4962045},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 11,
volume = 87,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {9}
}

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