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Title: Three-dimensional ruthenium-doped TiO 2 sea urchins for enhanced visible-light-responsive H 2 production

Here, three-dimensional (3D) monodispersed sea urchin-like Ru-doped rutile TiO 2 hierarchical architectures composed of radially aligned, densely-packed TiO 2 nanorods have been successfully synthesized via an acid-hydrothermal method at low temperature without the assistance of any structure-directing agent and post annealing treatment. The addition of a minuscule concentration of ruthenium dopants remarkably catalyzes the formation of the 3D urchin structure and drives the enhanced photocatalytic H 2 production under visible light irradiation, not possible on undoped and bulk rutile TiO 2. Increasing ruthenium doping dosage not only increases the surface area up to 166 m 2 g –1 but also induces enhanced photoresponse in the regime of visible and near infrared light. The doping introduces defect impurity levels, i.e. oxygen vacancy and under-coordinated Ti 3+, significantly below the conduction band of TiO 2, and ruthenium species act as electron donors/acceptors that accelerate the photogenerated hole and electron transfer and efficiently suppress the rapid charge recombination, therefore improving the visible-light-driven activity.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  3. Univ. Politecnia de Catalunya, Barcelona (Spain)
  4. Binghamton Univ., Binghamton, NY (United States)
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-113278-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 1463-9076; PPCPFQ; R&D Project: CO040; KC0302010
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP (Print)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. PCCP (Print); Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 1463-9076
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
OSTI Identifier:
1337641