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Title: Catalytic hydroprocessing of fast pyrolysis oils: Impact of biomass feedstock on process efficiency

Here, we report here on an experimental study to produce refinery-ready fuel blendstocks via catalytic hydrodeoxygenation (upgrading) of pyrolysis oil using several biomass feedstocks and various blends. Blends were tested along with the pure materials to determine the effect of blending on product yields and qualities. Within experimental error, oil yields from fast pyrolysis and upgrading are shown to be linear functions of the blend components. Switchgrass exhibited lower fast pyrolysis and upgrading yields than the woody samples, which included clean pine, oriented strand board (OSB), and a mix of pinon and juniper (PJ). The notable exception was PJ, for which the poor upgrading yield of 18% was likely associated with the very high viscosity of the PJ fast pyrolysis oil (947 cp). The highest fast pyrolysis yield (54% dry basis) was obtained from clean pine, while the highest upgrading yield (50%) was obtained from a blend of 80% clean pine and 20% OSB (CP 8OSB 2). For switchgrass, reducing the fast pyrolysis temperature to 450 degrees C resulted in a significant increase to the pyrolysis oil yield and reduced hydrogen consumption during hydrotreating, but did not directly affect the hydrotreating oil yield. The water content of fast pyrolysis oilsmore » was also observed to increase linearly with the summed content of potassium and sodium, ranging from 21% for clean pine to 37% for switchgrass. Multiple linear regression models demonstrate that fast pyrolysis is strongly dependent upon the contents lignin and volatile matter as well as the sum of potassium and sodium.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5100-66299; INL/JOU-16-40001
Journal ID: ISSN 0961-9534
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308; AC07-05ID14517; AC05-76RL01830
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Biomass and Bioenergy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 96; Journal ID: ISSN 0961-9534
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
Country of Publication:
United States
09 BIOMASS FUELS; biofuels; fast pyrolysis; catalytic hydrodeoxygenation; hydrotreating
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1398045; OSTI ID: 1409695