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Title: Remote temperature distribution sensing using permanent magnets

Remote temperature sensing is essential for applications in enclosed vessels where feedthroughs or optical access points are not possible. A unique sensing method for measuring the temperature of multiple closely-spaced points is proposed using permanent magnets and several three-axis magnetic field sensors. The magnetic field theory for multiple magnets is discussed and a solution technique is presented. Experimental calibration procedures, solution inversion considerations and methods for optimizing the magnet orientations are described in order to obtain low-noise temperature estimates. The experimental setup and the properties of permanent magnets are shown. Finally, experiments were conducted to determine the temperature of nine magnets in different configurations over a temperature range of 5 to 60 degrees Celsius and for a sensor-to-magnet distance of up to 35 mm. Furthermore, to show the possible applications of this sensing system for measuring temperatures through metal walls, additional experiments were conducted inside an opaque 304 stainless steel cylinder.
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0018-9464; 649573
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: IEEE Transactions on Magnetics; Journal ID: ISSN 0018-9464
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Magnetics Group
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; temperature measurement; distributed multiple dipoles; design optimization; magnetic field measurement; magnetic sensors; permanent magnets; temperature sensors; perpendicular magnetic anisotropy; magnetic moments
OSTI Identifier: