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Title: High-pressure behavior of cuprospinel CuFe 2O 4: Influence of the Jahn-Teller effect on the spinel structure

The Jahn-Teller-effect at Cu 2+ in cuprospinel CuFe 2O 4 was investigated using high-pressure, single crystal synchrotron x-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques at beamline BL10A at the Photon Factory, KEK, Japan. Six data sets were collected in the pressure range from ambient to 5.9 GPa at room temperature. Structural refinements based on the data were performed at 0.0, 1.8, 2.7, and 4.6 GPa. The unit cell volume of cuprospinel decreases continuously from 590.8 (6) Å 3 to 579.5 (8) Å 3 up to 3.8 GPa. Leastsquares fitting to a third-order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state yields zero-pressure volume V 0 = 590.7 (1) Å 3 and bulk modulus K 0 = 188.1 (4.4) GPa with K’ fixed at 4.0. The crystal chemical composition determined by electron-probe analysis and x-ray site-occupancy refinement is represented as [Cu 0.526Fe 0.474] [6][Cu 0.074Fe 1.926]O 4. Most of the Cu 2+ are preferentially distributed onto the tetrahedral (T) site of the spinel structure. At 4.6 GPa, a cubic-tetragonal phase transition is indicated by a splitting of the a axis of the cubic structure into a smaller a axis and a longer c axis, with unit cell parameters a = 5.882 (1) Å and c = 8.337 (1)more » Å. The tetragonal crystal structure with space group I4 1/amd was refined to R1 = 0.0182 and wR2 = 0.0134 using observed 35 x-ray reflections. At the T site, the tetrahedral O-T-O bond angles along the c-axis direction of the unit cell decreases slightly from 109.47 ° to 108.7 (4) °, which generates a stretched tetrahedral geometry along the c-axis. The cubic-totetragonal transition induced by the Jahn-Teller effect at Cu 2+ is attributable to the angular distortion at the tetrahedral site. At the octahedral (M) site, on the other hand, the two M-O bonds parallel to the caxis are shortened with respect to the four M-O bonds parallel to the ab-plane, which are lengthened as a result of the phase transition, leading to a compressed octahedral geometry along the c-axis. With the competing distortions between the stretched tetrahedron and the compressed octahedron along the c-axis, the a unit cell parameter is shortened with respect to the c unit cell parameter, giving a c/a ratio slightly greater than unity as referred to cubic lattice (c/a = 1.002). The c/a value increases to 1.007 with pressure, suggesting a further evolution of the stretched tetrahedron and the compressed octahedron. The variation of c/a ratio of the cuprospinel is similar to that observed in the tetragonally distorted cuprospinel with Cu 2+ fully occupying the octahedral site of the structure.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Univ. of Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)
  2. Carnegie Inst. of Washington, Washington, D.C. (United States)
  3. Osaka Univ., Osaka (Japan)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
American Mineralogist
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 100; Journal Issue: 8-9; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-004X
Mineralogical Society of America
Research Org:
Carnegie Inst. of Washington, Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
58 GEOSCIENCES; cuprospinel; CuFe2O4; high-pressure; single-crystal synchrotron x-ray diffraction; Jahn- Teller effect
OSTI Identifier: