skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Chiral magnetic and vortical effects in high-energy nuclear collisions—A status report

Abstract

Here, the interplay of quantum anomalies with magnetic field and vorticity results in a variety of novel non-dissipative transport phenomena in systems with chiral fermions, including the quark–gluon plasma. Among them is the Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME)—the generation of electric current along an external magnetic field induced by chirality imbalance. Because the chirality imbalance is related to the global topology of gauge fields, the CME current is topologically protected and hence non-dissipative even in the presence of strong interactions. As a result, the CME and related quantum phenomena affect the hydrodynamical and transport behavior of strongly coupled quark–gluon plasma, and can be studied in relativistic heavy ion collisions where strong magnetic fields are created by the colliding ions. Evidence for the CME and related phenomena has been reported by the STAR Collaboration at Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at BNL, and by the ALICE Collaboration at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. The goal of the present review is to provide an elementary introduction into the physics of anomalous chiral effects, to describe the current status of experimental studies in heavy ion physics, and to outline the future work, both in experiment and theory, needed to eliminate the existing uncertainties inmore » the interpretation of the data.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  3. Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI (United States)
  4. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). RIKEN Research Center
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP)
OSTI Identifier:
1335482
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1359799
Report Number(s):
BNL-112159-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0146-6410; R&D Project: PO-3
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC00112704; FG-88ER40388; SC0012704; FG02-92ER-40713; FG02-88ER40424
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 88; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0146-6410
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Riken BNL Research Center; chiral magnetic effect; chiral vortical effect; chiral anomaly; quark-gluon plasma; heavy ion collisions

Citation Formats

Kharzeev, D. E., Liao, J., Voloshin, S. A., and Wang, G. Chiral magnetic and vortical effects in high-energy nuclear collisions—A status report. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppnp.2016.01.001.
Kharzeev, D. E., Liao, J., Voloshin, S. A., & Wang, G. Chiral magnetic and vortical effects in high-energy nuclear collisions—A status report. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppnp.2016.01.001
Kharzeev, D. E., Liao, J., Voloshin, S. A., and Wang, G. Sun . "Chiral magnetic and vortical effects in high-energy nuclear collisions—A status report". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppnp.2016.01.001. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1335482.
@article{osti_1335482,
title = {Chiral magnetic and vortical effects in high-energy nuclear collisions—A status report},
author = {Kharzeev, D. E. and Liao, J. and Voloshin, S. A. and Wang, G.},
abstractNote = {Here, the interplay of quantum anomalies with magnetic field and vorticity results in a variety of novel non-dissipative transport phenomena in systems with chiral fermions, including the quark–gluon plasma. Among them is the Chiral Magnetic Effect (CME)—the generation of electric current along an external magnetic field induced by chirality imbalance. Because the chirality imbalance is related to the global topology of gauge fields, the CME current is topologically protected and hence non-dissipative even in the presence of strong interactions. As a result, the CME and related quantum phenomena affect the hydrodynamical and transport behavior of strongly coupled quark–gluon plasma, and can be studied in relativistic heavy ion collisions where strong magnetic fields are created by the colliding ions. Evidence for the CME and related phenomena has been reported by the STAR Collaboration at Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider at BNL, and by the ALICE Collaboration at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. The goal of the present review is to provide an elementary introduction into the physics of anomalous chiral effects, to describe the current status of experimental studies in heavy ion physics, and to outline the future work, both in experiment and theory, needed to eliminate the existing uncertainties in the interpretation of the data.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ppnp.2016.01.001},
journal = {Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics},
number = C,
volume = 88,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 118 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referencing / citing this record:

Numerical magneto-hydrodynamics for relativistic nuclear collisions
journal, November 2016


Magnetic Field in Nuclear Collisions at Ultra High Energies
journal, July 2019


Longitudinal conductivity of hot magnetized collisional QCD medium in the inhomogeneous electric field
journal, June 2019


Particle temperature and the chiral vortical effect in the early universe
journal, October 2017


Anomaly-Induced Transport Phenomena from Imaginary-Time Formalism
journal, May 2019


Permanent mean spin source of the chiral magnetic effect in neutron stars
journal, June 2019


Chiral magnetohydrodynamic turbulence in core-collapse supernovae
journal, October 2018


Longitudinal conductivity of hot magnetized collisional QCD medium in the inhomogeneous electric field
journal, June 2019


Numerical magneto-hydrodynamics for relativistic nuclear collisions
journal, November 2016


Particle temperature and the chiral vortical effect in the early universe
journal, October 2017


Chiral Symmetry Restoration for Quark Matter with a Chiral Chemical Potential
journal, January 2017

  • Farias, Ricardo L. S.; Duarte, Dyana C.; Krein, Gastão
  • International Journal of Modern Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 45
  • DOI: 10.1142/s2010194517600448

Anomaly-Induced Transport Phenomena from Imaginary-Time Formalism
journal, May 2019


Magnetic Field in Nuclear Collisions at Ultra High Energies
journal, July 2019


Laminar and Turbulent Dynamos in Chiral Magnetohydrodynamics. I. Theory
journal, September 2017

  • Rogachevskii, Igor; Ruchayskiy, Oleg; Boyarsky, Alexey
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 846, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/aa886b

Rotating solutions of nonideal transverse Chern-Simons magnetohydrodynamics
journal, October 2018


Numerical magneto-hydrodynamics for relativistic nuclear collisions
text, January 2016

  • Inghirami, Gabriele; Del Zanna, Luca; Beraudo, Andrea
  • GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, GSI, Darmstadt
  • DOI: 10.15120/gsi-2018-00460

Rotation of the QCD Plasma and the Chiral Vortical Effect
book, August 2019

  • Shi, Shuzhe
  • Soft and Hard Probes of QCD Topological Structures in Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collisions, p. 89-98
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-25482-7_7

Generalization of Bantilan-Ishi-Romatschke flow to magnetohydrodynamics
journal, January 2020


Effects of rotation and acceleration in the axial current: density operator vs Wigner function
journal, February 2019

  • Prokhorov, George Y.; Teryaev, Oleg V.; Zakharov, Valentin I.
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2019, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/jhep02(2019)146

Holographic charged fluid with chiral electric separation effect
journal, September 2018

  • Bu, Yanyan; Cai, Rong-Gen; Yang, Qing
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1007/jhep09(2018)083

Non-Abelian anomalous (super)fluids in thermal equilibrium from differential geometry
journal, November 2018

  • Mañes, Juan L.; Megías, Eugenio; Valle, Manuel
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2018, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1007/jhep11(2018)076

One-loop QCD thermodynamics in a strong homogeneous and static magnetic field
journal, December 2017

  • Rath, Shubhalaxmi; Patra, Binoy Krishna
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2017, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1007/jhep12(2017)098

General thermodynamic equilibrium with axial chemical potential for the free Dirac field
journal, December 2018


Novel quantum phenomena induced by strong magnetic fields in heavy-ion collisions
journal, January 2017


Vorticity and particle polarization in heavy ion collisions (experimental perspective)
journal, January 2018


Chiral fermion asymmetry in high-energy plasma simulations
journal, March 2019

  • Schober, J.; Brandenburg, A.; Rogachevskii, I.
  • Geophysical & Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 114, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1080/03091929.2019.1591393

Electromagnetic fields and anomalous transports in heavy-ion collisions—a pedagogical review
journal, June 2016


Collective excitations in Weyl semimetals in the hydrodynamic regime
journal, June 2018

  • Sukhachov, P. O.; Gorbar, E. V.; Shovkovy, I. A.
  • Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Vol. 30, Issue 27
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-648x/aac500

Status of the chiral magnetic effect and collisions of isobars
journal, June 2017


Quantifying the chiral magnetic effect from anomalous-viscous fluid dynamics
journal, January 2018


Charge asymmetry dependence of flow and a novel correlator to detect the chiral magnetic wave in a multiphase transport model
journal, December 2019


Relaxation time for strange quark spin in rotating quark-gluon plasma
journal, February 2020


Vorticity in heavy-ion collisions
journal, June 2016


Thermal vorticity and spin polarization in heavy-ion collisions
journal, January 2019


Effect of magnetic fields on pairs of oppositely charged particles in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions
journal, April 2019


Mass correction to chiral kinetic equations
journal, July 2019


Chiral vortical effect in Wigner function approach
journal, July 2019


Lattice field theory with torsion
journal, September 2019


Kinetic theory for massive spin 1 / 2 particles from the Wigner-function formalism
journal, September 2019


Magnetohydrodynamics with chiral anomaly: Phases of collective excitations and instabilities
journal, September 2019


Magnetic catalysis effect prevents vacuum superconductivity in strong magnetic fields
journal, October 2019


Polarization difference between hyperons and antihyperons induced by an external magnetic field
journal, October 2019


Axial kinetic theory and spin transport for fermions with arbitrary mass
journal, November 2019


Chiral vortices and pseudoscalar condensation due to rotation
journal, December 2019


1 + 1 dimensional relativistic magnetohydrodynamics with longitudinal acceleration
journal, December 2019


Contribution of the chiral vortical effect to the evolution of the hypermagnetic field and the matter-antimatter asymmetry in the early Universe
journal, December 2019


Chiral vortical conductivity across a topological phase transition from holography
journal, December 2019


Chern-Simons diffusion rate across different phase transitions
journal, May 2016


Thermodynamics of quark matter with a chiral imbalance
journal, October 2016


Pseudoscalar condensation induced by chiral anomaly and vorticity for massive fermions
journal, January 2017


Nonequilibrium study of the chiral magnetic effect from real-time simulations with dynamical fermions
journal, February 2017


Worldline construction of a covariant chiral kinetic theory
journal, July 2017


Field theoretic perspectives of the Wigner function formulation of the chiral magnetic effect
journal, November 2017


Gluon spectrum in a quark-gluon plasma under strong magnetic fields
journal, January 2018


Linearly polarized gluons and axial charge fluctuations in the glasma
journal, February 2018


Chiral anomaly, Berry phase, and chiral kinetic theory from worldlines in quantum field theory
journal, March 2018


Bulk viscosity of a hot QCD medium in a strong magnetic field within the relaxation-time approximation
journal, June 2018


Mass correction to chiral vortical effect and chiral separation effect
journal, December 2018


Charge-Dependent Directed Flow in Cu + Au Collisions at s N N = 200 GeV
journal, January 2017


Observation of Charge-Dependent Azimuthal Correlations in p Pb Collisions and Its Implication for the Search for the Chiral Magnetic Effect
journal, March 2017


Consistent Chiral Kinetic Theory in Weyl Materials: Chiral Magnetic Plasmons
journal, March 2017


Dynamics of Vortices in Chiral Media: The Chiral Propulsion Effect
journal, October 2018


Dynamical Topological Transitions in the Massive Schwinger Model with a θ Term
journal, February 2019


Optical manifestations of domains with constant topological charge density
journal, September 2019


Local spin polarization in high energy heavy ion collisions
journal, October 2019


Non-Abelian anomalies in multi-Weyl semimetals
journal, January 2020


Wigner functions for fermions in strong magnetic fields
journal, February 2018


Magnetic field effects on photon emission in intermediate energy heavy-ion collisions
journal, November 2018


Study of charged particle multiplicity, average transverse momentum and azimuthal anisotropy in Xe+Xe collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}} = 5.44$ TeV using AMPT model
journal, September 2019

  • Kundu, Sourav; Mallick, Dukhishyam; Mohanty, Bedangadas
  • The European Physical Journal A, Vol. 55, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1140/epja/i2019-12853-8

Non-relativistic approximate numerical ideal-magneto-hydrodynamics of (1+1D) transverse flow in Bjorken scenario
journal, March 2018


Gradient resummation for nonlinear chiral transport: an insight from holography
journal, January 2019


Transport coefficients of hot magnetized QCD matter beyond the lowest Landau level approximation
journal, February 2019


Isolating the chiral magnetic effect from backgrounds by pair invariant mass
journal, February 2019


Momentum Space Topology and Non-Dissipative Currents †
journal, December 2018