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Title: Tradeoffs between oscillator strength and lifetime in terahertz quantum cascade lasers

Contemporary research into diagonal active region terahertz quantum cascade lasers for high temperature operation has yielded little success. We present evidence that the failure of high diagonality alone as a design strategy is due to a fundamental trade-off between large optical oscillator strength and long upper-level lifetime. Here, we hypothesize that diagonality needs to be paired with increased doping in order to succeed, and present evidence that highly diagonal designs can benefit from much higher doping than normally found in terahertz quantum cascade lasers. In assuming the benefits of high diagonality paired with high doping, we also highlight important challenges that need to be overcome, specifically the increased importance of carrier induced band-bending and impurity scattering.
Authors:
 [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND-2016-8992J
Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951; APPLAB; 647331
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 109; Journal Issue: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 0003-6951
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS
OSTI Identifier:
1335467
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1332013