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Title: CO Oxidation and Subsequent CO 2 Chemisorption on Alkaline Zirconates: Li 2 ZrO 3 and Na 2 ZrO 3

Here, two different alkaline zirconates (Li 2ZrO 3 and Na 2ZrO 3) were studied as possible bifunctional catalytic-captor materials for CO oxidation and the subsequent CO 2 chemisorption process. Initially, CO oxidation reactions were analyzed in a catalytic reactor coupled to a gas chromatograph, using Li 2ZrO 3 and Na 2ZrO 3, under different O 2 partial flows. We found results clearly showed that Na 2ZrO 3 possesses much better catalytic properties than Li 2ZrO 3. After the CO-O 2 oxidation catalytic analysis, CO2 chemisorption process was analyzed by thermogravimetric analysis, only for the Na 2ZrO 3 ceramic. The results confirmed that Na 2ZrO 3 is able to work as a bifunctional material (CO oxidation and subsequent CO 2 chemisorption), although the kinetic CO 2 capture process was not the best one under the physicochemical condition used in this case. For Na 2ZrO 3, the best CO conversions were found between 445 and 580 °C (100%), while Li 2ZrO 3 only showed a 35% of efficiency between 460 and 503 °C. However, in the Na 2ZrO 3 case, at temperatures higher than 580 °C its catalytic activity gradually decreases as a result of CO 2 capture process. Finally, all thesemore » experiments were compared and supported with theoretical thermodynamic data.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City (Mexico). Inst. de Ingenieria, Coordinacion de Ingenieria Ambiental
  2. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States)
  3. Univ. Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City (Mexico). Inst. de Investigaciones en Materiales
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NETL-PUB-20375
Journal ID: ISSN 0888-5885
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 37; Journal ID: ISSN 0888-5885
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, and Morgantown, WV (United States). In-house Research
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CO oxidation; sodium zirconate; lithium zirconate; CO2 chemisorption; thermal analysis; ab initio thermodynamics
OSTI Identifier:
1335455

Alcántar-Vázquez, Brenda, Duan, Yuhua, and Pfeiffer, Heriberto. CO Oxidation and Subsequent CO2 Chemisorption on Alkaline Zirconates: Li2 ZrO3 and Na2 ZrO3. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.6b02257.
Alcántar-Vázquez, Brenda, Duan, Yuhua, & Pfeiffer, Heriberto. CO Oxidation and Subsequent CO2 Chemisorption on Alkaline Zirconates: Li2 ZrO3 and Na2 ZrO3. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.6b02257.
Alcántar-Vázquez, Brenda, Duan, Yuhua, and Pfeiffer, Heriberto. 2016. "CO Oxidation and Subsequent CO2 Chemisorption on Alkaline Zirconates: Li2 ZrO3 and Na2 ZrO3". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.6b02257. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1335455.
@article{osti_1335455,
title = {CO Oxidation and Subsequent CO2 Chemisorption on Alkaline Zirconates: Li2 ZrO3 and Na2 ZrO3},
author = {Alcántar-Vázquez, Brenda and Duan, Yuhua and Pfeiffer, Heriberto},
abstractNote = {Here, two different alkaline zirconates (Li2ZrO3 and Na2ZrO3) were studied as possible bifunctional catalytic-captor materials for CO oxidation and the subsequent CO2 chemisorption process. Initially, CO oxidation reactions were analyzed in a catalytic reactor coupled to a gas chromatograph, using Li2ZrO3 and Na2ZrO3, under different O2 partial flows. We found results clearly showed that Na2ZrO3 possesses much better catalytic properties than Li2ZrO3. After the CO-O2 oxidation catalytic analysis, CO2 chemisorption process was analyzed by thermogravimetric analysis, only for the Na2ZrO3 ceramic. The results confirmed that Na2ZrO3 is able to work as a bifunctional material (CO oxidation and subsequent CO2 chemisorption), although the kinetic CO2 capture process was not the best one under the physicochemical condition used in this case. For Na2ZrO3, the best CO conversions were found between 445 and 580 °C (100%), while Li2ZrO3 only showed a 35% of efficiency between 460 and 503 °C. However, in the Na2ZrO3 case, at temperatures higher than 580 °C its catalytic activity gradually decreases as a result of CO2 capture process. Finally, all these experiments were compared and supported with theoretical thermodynamic data.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.iecr.6b02257},
journal = {Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research},
number = 37,
volume = 55,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {8}
}