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Title: Topology, Magnetic Field, and Strongly Interacting Matter

Gauge theories with compact symmetry groups possess topologically nontrivial configurations of gauge field. This characteristic has dramatic implications for the vacuum structure of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) and for the behavior of QCD plasma, as well as for condensed matter systems with chiral quasi-particles. Here, I review the current status of this problem with an emphasis both on the interplay between chirality and a background magnetic field and on the observable manifestations of topology in heavy-ion collisions, Dirac semimetals, neutron stars, and the early Universe.
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Dept. of Physics and RIKEN-BNL Research Center
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-112089-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0163-8998; R&D Project: PO-3
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 65; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0163-8998
Publisher:
Annual Reviews
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). RIKEN Research Center
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Quark-gluon plasma; topological solutions; heavy ion collisions; Dirac semimetals
OSTI Identifier:
1335431