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Title: Single-crystal silicon optical fiber by direct laser crystallization

Semiconductor core optical fibers with a silica cladding are of great interest in nonlinear photonics and optoelectronics applications. Laser crystallization has been recently demonstrated for crystallizing amorphous silicon fibers into crystalline form. Here we explore the underlying mechanism by which long single-crystal silicon fibers, which are novel platforms for silicon photonics, can be achieved by this process. Using finite element modeling, we construct a laser processing diagram that reveals a parameter space within which single crystals can be grown. Utilizing this diagram, we illustrate the creation of single-crystal silicon core fibers by laser crystallizing amorphous silicon deposited inside silica capillary fibers by high-pressure chemical vapor deposition. The single-crystal fibers, up to 5.1 mm long, have a very welldefined core/cladding interface and a chemically pure silicon core that leads to very low optical losses down to ~0.47-1dB/cm at the standard telecommunication wavelength (1550 nm). Furthermore, tt also exhibits a photosensitivity that is comparable to bulk silicon. Creating such laser processing diagrams can provide a general framework for developing single-crystal fibers in other materials of technological importance.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; DMR 1107894; DMR 1420620
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Photonics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2330-4022
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; optical fiber; silicon photonics; chemical vapor deposition; laser crystallization; crystal growth; optoelectronics
OSTI Identifier:
1334517

Ji, Xiaoyu, Lei, Shiming, Yu, Shih -Ying, Cheng, Hiu Yan, Liu, Wenjun, Poilvert, Nicolas, Xiong, Yihuang, Dabo, Ismaila, Mohney, Suzanne E., Badding, John V., and Gopalan, Venkatraman. Single-crystal silicon optical fiber by direct laser crystallization. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.6b00584.
Ji, Xiaoyu, Lei, Shiming, Yu, Shih -Ying, Cheng, Hiu Yan, Liu, Wenjun, Poilvert, Nicolas, Xiong, Yihuang, Dabo, Ismaila, Mohney, Suzanne E., Badding, John V., & Gopalan, Venkatraman. Single-crystal silicon optical fiber by direct laser crystallization. United States. doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.6b00584.
Ji, Xiaoyu, Lei, Shiming, Yu, Shih -Ying, Cheng, Hiu Yan, Liu, Wenjun, Poilvert, Nicolas, Xiong, Yihuang, Dabo, Ismaila, Mohney, Suzanne E., Badding, John V., and Gopalan, Venkatraman. 2016. "Single-crystal silicon optical fiber by direct laser crystallization". United States. doi:10.1021/acsphotonics.6b00584. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1334517.
@article{osti_1334517,
title = {Single-crystal silicon optical fiber by direct laser crystallization},
author = {Ji, Xiaoyu and Lei, Shiming and Yu, Shih -Ying and Cheng, Hiu Yan and Liu, Wenjun and Poilvert, Nicolas and Xiong, Yihuang and Dabo, Ismaila and Mohney, Suzanne E. and Badding, John V. and Gopalan, Venkatraman},
abstractNote = {Semiconductor core optical fibers with a silica cladding are of great interest in nonlinear photonics and optoelectronics applications. Laser crystallization has been recently demonstrated for crystallizing amorphous silicon fibers into crystalline form. Here we explore the underlying mechanism by which long single-crystal silicon fibers, which are novel platforms for silicon photonics, can be achieved by this process. Using finite element modeling, we construct a laser processing diagram that reveals a parameter space within which single crystals can be grown. Utilizing this diagram, we illustrate the creation of single-crystal silicon core fibers by laser crystallizing amorphous silicon deposited inside silica capillary fibers by high-pressure chemical vapor deposition. The single-crystal fibers, up to 5.1 mm long, have a very welldefined core/cladding interface and a chemically pure silicon core that leads to very low optical losses down to ~0.47-1dB/cm at the standard telecommunication wavelength (1550 nm). Furthermore, tt also exhibits a photosensitivity that is comparable to bulk silicon. Creating such laser processing diagrams can provide a general framework for developing single-crystal fibers in other materials of technological importance.},
doi = {10.1021/acsphotonics.6b00584},
journal = {ACS Photonics},
number = 1,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {12}
}