skip to main content


Title: In-situ TOF neutron diffraction studies of cyclic softening in superelasticity of a NiFeGaCo shape memory alloy

Real-time in-situ neutron diffraction was conducted during uniaxial cycling compression of a Ni 49.3Fe 18Ga 27Co 5.7 shape memory alloy to explore the mechanism on its superelasticity at room temperature, which was manifested by the almost recoverable large strains and the apparent cyclic softening. Based on the Rietveld refinements, the real-time evolution of volume fraction of martensite was in-situ monitored, indicating the incremental amount of residual martensite with increasing load cycles. Real-time changes in intensities and lattice strains of { hkl} reflections for individual phase were obtained through fitting individual peaks, which reveal the quantitative information on phase transformation kinetics as a function of grain orientation and stress/strain partitioning. Moreover, a large compressive residual stress was evidenced in the parent phase, which should be balanced by the residual martensite after the second unloading cycle. As a result, the large compressive residual stress found in the parent austenite phase may account for the cyclic effect on critical stress required for triggering the martensitic transformation in the subsequent loading.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [3]
  1. Northeastern Univ., Shenyang (China); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Tianjin Univ., Tianjin (China)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Northeastern Univ., Shenyang (China)
  5. Northeastern Univ., Shenyang (China); Univ. of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Materials Science and Engineering. A, Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 680; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0921-5093
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Spallation Neutron Source (SNS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ferromagnetic shape memory alloy; Ni-Fe-Ga-Co; superelasticity; neutron diffraction; stress-induced martensitic transformation
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1417104