skip to main content


Title: A view to the future of natural gas and electricity: An integrated modeling approach

This paper demonstrates the value of integrating two highly spatially resolved models: the Rice World Gas Trade Model (RWGTM) of the natural gas sector and the Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model of the U.S. electricity sector. The RWGTM passes electricity-sector natural gas prices to the ReEDS model, while the ReEDS model returns electricity-sector natural gas demand to the RWGTM. The two models successfully converge to a solution under reference scenario conditions. We present electricity-sector and natural gas sector evolution using the integrated models for this reference scenario. This paper demonstrates that the integrated models produced similar national-level results as when running in a stand-alone form, but that regional and state-level results can vary considerably. As we highlight, these regional differences have potentially significant implications for electric sector planners especially in the wake of substantive policy changes for the sector (e.g., the Clean Power Plan).
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States). Strategic Energy Analysis Center
  2. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Center for Energy Studies at the Baker Inst. for Public Policy and the Dept. of Economics
  3. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States). Baker Inst. for Public Policy, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering and Center for Energy Studies
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0140-9883
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy Economics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 60; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0140-9883
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis; USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; natural gas markets; electricity markets; market integration; capacity expansion modeling
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1416087