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Title: Effects of thermal pretreatment and catalyst on biomass gasification efficiency and syngas composition

Abstract

This work explores the combined effects of thermal pretreatment and using a catalyst in situ on gasification carbon conversion efficiency, as well as product gas and tar content and compositions. To compare the effects of thermal pretreatment, pelletized and ground oak with three different levels of thermal pretreatment were gasified in a fluidized bed reactor. The pretreatments applied to the oak were (1) pelletization, (2) drying at 180 °C in air, and (3) torrefaction at 270 °C in nitrogen. The oak dried at 180 °C produced syngas of similar quality and approximately the same amount of char as untreated oak. Torrefaction at 270 °C resulted in syngas with a higher hydrogen to CO ratio, lower methane, and less than half of the total tar -- all of which are desirable properties in terms of product gas quality. However, the oak torrefied at 270 °C also produced more than two times the amount of char as the untreated, pelletized oak. To determine the effect of catalyst, a series of experiments were conducted using olivine impregnated with nickel and cerium as the fluidized bed material in the gasifier. These tests showed that modified olivine can improve hydrogen production and reduce methane andmore » tar levels in the syngas. The result was observed for both treated and untreated oak; although the effect was more substantial for untreated oak, for which the use of modified olivine reduced tar concentrations in the product gas by 60%, with a larger reduction in heavier tars than lighter tars. Furthermore, this result is important because reduction in heavier tar plays a more important role in benefitting downstream operations.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [3]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  3. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1334243
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1357769
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5100-66768; INL/JOU-16-40006
Journal ID: ISSN 1463-9262
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308; AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Green Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: 23; Journal ID: ISSN 1463-9262
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; gasification; biofuel; torrefaction; syngas; tar; olivine; reforming; indirect liquefaction; catalytic gasification

Citation Formats

Cheah, Singfoong, Jablonski, Whitney S., Olstad, Jessica L., Carpenter, Daniel L., Barthelemy, Kevin D., Robichaud, David J., Andrews, Joy C., Black, Stuart K., Oddo, Marc D., and Westover, Tyler L. Effects of thermal pretreatment and catalyst on biomass gasification efficiency and syngas composition. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1039/C6GC01661H.
Cheah, Singfoong, Jablonski, Whitney S., Olstad, Jessica L., Carpenter, Daniel L., Barthelemy, Kevin D., Robichaud, David J., Andrews, Joy C., Black, Stuart K., Oddo, Marc D., & Westover, Tyler L. Effects of thermal pretreatment and catalyst on biomass gasification efficiency and syngas composition. United States. doi:10.1039/C6GC01661H.
Cheah, Singfoong, Jablonski, Whitney S., Olstad, Jessica L., Carpenter, Daniel L., Barthelemy, Kevin D., Robichaud, David J., Andrews, Joy C., Black, Stuart K., Oddo, Marc D., and Westover, Tyler L. Fri . "Effects of thermal pretreatment and catalyst on biomass gasification efficiency and syngas composition". United States. doi:10.1039/C6GC01661H. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1334243.
@article{osti_1334243,
title = {Effects of thermal pretreatment and catalyst on biomass gasification efficiency and syngas composition},
author = {Cheah, Singfoong and Jablonski, Whitney S. and Olstad, Jessica L. and Carpenter, Daniel L. and Barthelemy, Kevin D. and Robichaud, David J. and Andrews, Joy C. and Black, Stuart K. and Oddo, Marc D. and Westover, Tyler L.},
abstractNote = {This work explores the combined effects of thermal pretreatment and using a catalyst in situ on gasification carbon conversion efficiency, as well as product gas and tar content and compositions. To compare the effects of thermal pretreatment, pelletized and ground oak with three different levels of thermal pretreatment were gasified in a fluidized bed reactor. The pretreatments applied to the oak were (1) pelletization, (2) drying at 180 °C in air, and (3) torrefaction at 270 °C in nitrogen. The oak dried at 180 °C produced syngas of similar quality and approximately the same amount of char as untreated oak. Torrefaction at 270 °C resulted in syngas with a higher hydrogen to CO ratio, lower methane, and less than half of the total tar -- all of which are desirable properties in terms of product gas quality. However, the oak torrefied at 270 °C also produced more than two times the amount of char as the untreated, pelletized oak. To determine the effect of catalyst, a series of experiments were conducted using olivine impregnated with nickel and cerium as the fluidized bed material in the gasifier. These tests showed that modified olivine can improve hydrogen production and reduce methane and tar levels in the syngas. The result was observed for both treated and untreated oak; although the effect was more substantial for untreated oak, for which the use of modified olivine reduced tar concentrations in the product gas by 60%, with a larger reduction in heavier tars than lighter tars. Furthermore, this result is important because reduction in heavier tar plays a more important role in benefitting downstream operations.},
doi = {10.1039/C6GC01661H},
journal = {Green Chemistry},
number = 23,
volume = 18,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {9}
}

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