skip to main content


Title: Elastic magnetic composites for energy storage flywheels

The bearings used in energy storage flywheels dissipate a significant amount of energy and can fail catastrophically. Magnetic bearings would both reduce energy dissipation and increase flywheel reliability. The component of magnetic bearing that creates lift is a magnetically soft material embedded into a rebate cut into top of the inner annulus of the flywheel. Because the flywheels stretch about 1% as they spin up, this magnetic material must also stretch and be more compliant than the flywheel itself, so it does not part from the flywheel during spin up. At the same time, the material needs to be sufficiently stiff that it does not significantly deform in the rebate and must have a sufficiently large magnetic permeability and saturation magnetization to provide the required lift. It must also have high electrical resistivity to prevent heating due to eddy currents. In this paper we investigate whether adequately magnetic, mechanically stiff composites that have the tensile elasticity, high electrical resistivity, permeability and saturation magnetism required for flywheel lift magnet applications can be fabricated. Lastly, we find the best composites are those comprised of bidisperse Fe particles in the resin G/Flex 650. The primary limiting factor of such materials is the fatiguemore » resistance to tensile strain.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  2. Oersted Tech., Sandy, OR (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1359-8368; PII: S1359836816301974
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Composites. Part B, Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-8368
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE)
Country of Publication:
United States
25 ENERGY STORAGE; particle-reinforcement; polymer-matrix composites (PMCs); elasticity; electrical properties; magnetic properties
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1326442