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Title: Nanoporous-carbon as a potential host material for reversible Mg ion intercalation

Here, we study nanoporous-carbon (NPC) grown via pulsed laser deposition (PLD) as an electrically conductive anode host material for Mg 2+ intercalation. NPC has high surface area, and an open, accessible pore structure tunable via mass density that can improve diffusion. We fabricate 2032 coin cells using NPC coated stainless-steel disk anodes, metallic Mg cathodes, and a Grignard-based electrolyte. NPC mass density is controlled during growth, ranging from 0.06–1.3 g/cm 3. The specific surface area of NPC increases linearly from 1,000 to 1,700 m 2/g as mass density decreases from 1.3 to 0.26 g/cm 3, however, the surface area falls off dramatically at lower mass densities, implying a lack of mechanical integrity in such nanostructures. These structural characterizations correlate directly with coin cell electrochemical measurements. In particular, cyclic voltammetry (CV) scans for NPC with density ~0.5 g/cm 3 and BET surface area ~1500 m 2/g infer the possibility of reversible Mg-ion intercalation. Higher density NPC yields capacitive behavior, most likely resulting from the smaller interplanar spacings between graphene sheet fragments and tighter domain boundaries; lower density NPC results in asymmetrical CV scans, consistent with the likely structural degradation resulting from mass transport through soft, low-density carbon materials.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
SAND2016-8977J
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651; 647320
Grant/Contract Number:
AC04-94AL85000
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 163; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
The Electrochemical Society
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 30 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION
OSTI Identifier:
1333543

Siegal, Michael P., Yelton, W. Graham, Perdue, Brian R., Gallis, Dorina F. Sava, and Schwarz, Haiqing L.. Nanoporous-carbon as a potential host material for reversible Mg ion intercalation. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1149/2.0851606jes.
Siegal, Michael P., Yelton, W. Graham, Perdue, Brian R., Gallis, Dorina F. Sava, & Schwarz, Haiqing L.. Nanoporous-carbon as a potential host material for reversible Mg ion intercalation. United States. doi:10.1149/2.0851606jes.
Siegal, Michael P., Yelton, W. Graham, Perdue, Brian R., Gallis, Dorina F. Sava, and Schwarz, Haiqing L.. 2016. "Nanoporous-carbon as a potential host material for reversible Mg ion intercalation". United States. doi:10.1149/2.0851606jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1333543.
@article{osti_1333543,
title = {Nanoporous-carbon as a potential host material for reversible Mg ion intercalation},
author = {Siegal, Michael P. and Yelton, W. Graham and Perdue, Brian R. and Gallis, Dorina F. Sava and Schwarz, Haiqing L.},
abstractNote = {Here, we study nanoporous-carbon (NPC) grown via pulsed laser deposition (PLD) as an electrically conductive anode host material for Mg2+ intercalation. NPC has high surface area, and an open, accessible pore structure tunable via mass density that can improve diffusion. We fabricate 2032 coin cells using NPC coated stainless-steel disk anodes, metallic Mg cathodes, and a Grignard-based electrolyte. NPC mass density is controlled during growth, ranging from 0.06–1.3 g/cm3. The specific surface area of NPC increases linearly from 1,000 to 1,700 m2/g as mass density decreases from 1.3 to 0.26 g/cm3, however, the surface area falls off dramatically at lower mass densities, implying a lack of mechanical integrity in such nanostructures. These structural characterizations correlate directly with coin cell electrochemical measurements. In particular, cyclic voltammetry (CV) scans for NPC with density ~0.5 g/cm3 and BET surface area ~1500 m2/g infer the possibility of reversible Mg-ion intercalation. Higher density NPC yields capacitive behavior, most likely resulting from the smaller interplanar spacings between graphene sheet fragments and tighter domain boundaries; lower density NPC results in asymmetrical CV scans, consistent with the likely structural degradation resulting from mass transport through soft, low-density carbon materials.},
doi = {10.1149/2.0851606jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 6,
volume = 163,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {3}
}