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Title: Optic phonons and anisotropic thermal conductivity in hexagonal Ge 2Sb 2Te 5

The lattice thermal conductivity ($κ$) of hexagonal Ge 2Sb 2Tesub>5 (h-GST) is studied via direct first-principles calculations. We find significant intrinsic anisotropy of ( $κ$ a/$κ$ c~2) of $κ$ in bulk h-GST along different transport directions. The dominant contribution to$κ$ is from optic phonons, ~75%. This is extremely unusual as the acoustic phonon modes carry most of the heat in typical semiconductors and insulators with small unit cells. Very recently, Lee et. al. observed anisotropic in GST thin films and attributed this to thermal resistance of amorphous regions near grain boundaries. However, our results suggest an additional strong intrinsic anisotropy for the pure hexagonal phase. This derives from bonding anisotropy along different crystal directions, specifically from weak interlayer coupling, which gives anisotropic phonon dispersions. The phonon spectrum of h-GST has very dispersive optic branches with higher group velocities along the a-axis as compared to flat optic bands along the c-axis. The importance of optic mode contributions for the thermal conductivity in low-$κ$ h-GST is unusual, and development of fundamental physical understanding of these contributions may be critical to better understanding of thermal conduction in other complex layered materials.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science and Technology Division
  2. Univ. of Missouri, Columbia, MO (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-05CH11231
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: