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Title: Creation of artificial skyrmions and antiskyrmions by anisotropy engineering

Topological spin textures form a fundamental paradigm in solid state physics and present unique opportunities to explore exciting phenomena such as the quantum Hall effect. One such non-trivial spin texture is a skyrmion, in which the spins can be mapped to point in all directions wrapping around a sphere. Understanding the formation of these spin textures, and their topological and energetic stability, is crucial in order to control their behavior. In this work, we report on controlling the anisotropy of continuous Co/Pt multilayer films with ion irradiation to form unique domain configurations of artificial skyrmions and antiskyrmions. We elucidate their behavior using aberration-corrected Lorentz transmission electron microscopy. We also discuss the energetic stability of these structures studied through in-situ magnetizing experiments performed at room temperature, combined with micromagnetic simulations that successfully reproduce the spin textures and behavior. As a result, this research offers new opportunities towards creation of artificial skyrmion or antiskyrmion lattices that can be used to investigate not only fundamental properties of their interaction with electron currents but also technological applications such as artificial magnonic crystals.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences and Engineering Division
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; magnetic properties and materials
OSTI Identifier: