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Title: Phosphorene: Fabrication, properties, and applications

Phosphorene, the single- or few-layer form of black phosphorus, was recently rediscovered as a two-dimensional layered material holding great promise for applications in electronics and optoelectronics. Research into its fundamental properties and device applications has since seen exponential growth. In this Perspective, we review recent progress in phosphorene research, touching upon topics on fabrication, properties, and applications; we also discuss challenges and future research directions. We highlight the intrinsically anisotropic electronic, transport, optoelectronic, thermoelectric, and mechanical properties of phosphorene resulting from its puckered structure in contrast to those of graphene and transition-metal dichalcogenides. The facile fabrication and novel properties of phosphorene have inspired design and demonstration of new nanodevices; however, further progress hinges on resolutions to technical obstructions like surface degradation effects and nonscalable fabrication techniques. We also briefly describe the latest developments of more sophisticated design concepts and implementation schemes that address some of the challenges in phosphorene research. As a result, it is expected that this fascinating material will continue to offer tremendous opportunities for research and development for the foreseeable future.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW (Australia)
  2. Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
NA0001982
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 1948-7185
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE
OSTI Identifier:
1332445