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Title: Piezothermal effect in a spinning gas

Abstract

A spinning gas, heated adiabatically through axial compression, is known to exhibit a rotation-dependent heat capacity. However, as equilibrium is approached, an effect is identified here wherein the temperature does not grow homogeneously in the radial direction, but develops a temperature differential with the hottest region on axis, at the maximum of the centrifugal potential energy. This phenomenon, which we call a piezothermal effect, is shown to grow bilinearly with the compression rate and the amplitude of the potential. As a result, numerical simulations confirm a simple model of this effect, which can be generalized to other forms of potential energy and methods of heating.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1332298
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1328825
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-09CH11466; NA0002948
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review E
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0045
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS

Citation Formats

Geyko, V. I., and Fisch, N. J. Piezothermal effect in a spinning gas. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.94.042113.
Geyko, V. I., & Fisch, N. J. Piezothermal effect in a spinning gas. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.94.042113
Geyko, V. I., and Fisch, N. J. Thu . "Piezothermal effect in a spinning gas". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevE.94.042113. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1332298.
@article{osti_1332298,
title = {Piezothermal effect in a spinning gas},
author = {Geyko, V. I. and Fisch, N. J.},
abstractNote = {A spinning gas, heated adiabatically through axial compression, is known to exhibit a rotation-dependent heat capacity. However, as equilibrium is approached, an effect is identified here wherein the temperature does not grow homogeneously in the radial direction, but develops a temperature differential with the hottest region on axis, at the maximum of the centrifugal potential energy. This phenomenon, which we call a piezothermal effect, is shown to grow bilinearly with the compression rate and the amplitude of the potential. As a result, numerical simulations confirm a simple model of this effect, which can be generalized to other forms of potential energy and methods of heating.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevE.94.042113},
journal = {Physical Review E},
number = 4,
volume = 94,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:

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Cited by: 2 works
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Works referenced in this record:

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Understanding turbulence in compressing plasma as a quasi-EOS
    journal, June 2019

    • Davidovits, Seth; Fisch, Nathaniel J.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 26, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.5098790