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Title: Assessment of desalination technologies for treatment of a highly saline brine from a potential CO 2 storage site

Brine extraction is a promising strategy for the management of increased reservoir pressure, resulting from carbon dioxide (CO 2) injection in deep saline reservoirs. The extracted brines usually have high concentrations of total dissolved solids (TDS) and various contaminants, and require proper disposal or treatment. In this article, first by conducting a critical review, we evaluate the applicability, limits, and advantages or challenges of various commercially available and emerging desalination technologies that can potentially be employed to treat the highly saline brine (with TDS values >70.000 ppm) and those that are applicable to a ~200,000 ppm TDS brine extracted from the Mt. Simon Sandstone, a potential CO 2 storage site in Illinois, USA. Based on the side-by-side comparison of technologies, evaporators are selected as the most suitable existing technology for treating Mt. Simon brine. Process simulations are then conducted for a conceptual design for desalination of 454 m 3/h (2000 gpm) pretreated brine for near-zero liquid discharge by multi-effect evaporators. In conclusion, the thermal energy demand is estimated at 246kWh perm 3 of recoveredwater, ofwhich 212kWh/m 3 is required for multiple-effect evaporation and the remainder for salt drying. The process also requires additional electrical power of ~2 kWh/m 3.
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Illinois, Champaign, IL (United States)
  2. Trimeric Corp., Buda, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 404; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0011-9164
Research Org:
Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
42 ENGINEERING; desalination; brine extraction; CO2 sequestration; brine treatment; Mt. Simon sandstone
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1396575