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Title: Gamma Irradiation and Oxidative Degradation of a Silica-Filled Silicone Elastomer

Abstract

The radiation oxidative degradation of a commonly used silica-filled silicone elastomer DC745 was investigated by a series of experimental techniques. This elastomer is known to be chemically and thermally stable, but insufficient data exist on the radiation resistance. In the present work, gamma doses up to 200 kGy were applied under air at RT and 1Gy/s. Radiation chemical changes were investigated by NMR, FT-IR, Raman, and mass spectroscopy. DSC and TGA experiments probed thermal transitions and thermal stability changes with exposure dose. SEM probed variations on the surface of the elastomer, and solvent swelling methods were used to investigate changes in the polymer network properties. Electron paramagnetic resonance was employed to detect and identify free radicals. Uniaxial compression load tests at variable temperatures were performed to assess changes in the material’s mechanical response as a function of radiation dose. Results demonstrate that, with increasing exposure, DC745 undergoes changes in chemistry that lead to an increase in thermal stability and cross-link density, formation of free radical species, decrease in heat of fusion and increase in stiffness at low temperatures. Taken together, these results indicate that oxidative cross-linking is the dominant radiolysis mechanism that occurs when this material is exposed to gammamore » irradiation in air at high dose rates.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Chemical Diagnostic and Engineering
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). Division of Materials Science and Technology
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States). Materials Characterization and Performance Dept.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1329567
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1245280
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-15-21100
Journal ID: ISSN 0141-3910
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Polymer Degradation and Stability
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 116; Journal ID: ISSN 0141-3910
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; PDMS, irradiation; oxidative degradation; radiolysis

Citation Formats

Labouriau, Andrea, Cady, Carl Mcelhinney, Gill, John T., Stull, Jamie Ann, Ortiz-Acosta, Denisse, Henderson, Kevin C., Hartung, Vaughn, Quintana, Adam, and Celina, Mathew C. Gamma Irradiation and Oxidative Degradation of a Silica-Filled Silicone Elastomer. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2015.03.009.
Labouriau, Andrea, Cady, Carl Mcelhinney, Gill, John T., Stull, Jamie Ann, Ortiz-Acosta, Denisse, Henderson, Kevin C., Hartung, Vaughn, Quintana, Adam, & Celina, Mathew C. Gamma Irradiation and Oxidative Degradation of a Silica-Filled Silicone Elastomer. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2015.03.009
Labouriau, Andrea, Cady, Carl Mcelhinney, Gill, John T., Stull, Jamie Ann, Ortiz-Acosta, Denisse, Henderson, Kevin C., Hartung, Vaughn, Quintana, Adam, and Celina, Mathew C. Sat . "Gamma Irradiation and Oxidative Degradation of a Silica-Filled Silicone Elastomer". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2015.03.009. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1329567.
@article{osti_1329567,
title = {Gamma Irradiation and Oxidative Degradation of a Silica-Filled Silicone Elastomer},
author = {Labouriau, Andrea and Cady, Carl Mcelhinney and Gill, John T. and Stull, Jamie Ann and Ortiz-Acosta, Denisse and Henderson, Kevin C. and Hartung, Vaughn and Quintana, Adam and Celina, Mathew C.},
abstractNote = {The radiation oxidative degradation of a commonly used silica-filled silicone elastomer DC745 was investigated by a series of experimental techniques. This elastomer is known to be chemically and thermally stable, but insufficient data exist on the radiation resistance. In the present work, gamma doses up to 200 kGy were applied under air at RT and 1Gy/s. Radiation chemical changes were investigated by NMR, FT-IR, Raman, and mass spectroscopy. DSC and TGA experiments probed thermal transitions and thermal stability changes with exposure dose. SEM probed variations on the surface of the elastomer, and solvent swelling methods were used to investigate changes in the polymer network properties. Electron paramagnetic resonance was employed to detect and identify free radicals. Uniaxial compression load tests at variable temperatures were performed to assess changes in the material’s mechanical response as a function of radiation dose. Results demonstrate that, with increasing exposure, DC745 undergoes changes in chemistry that lead to an increase in thermal stability and cross-link density, formation of free radical species, decrease in heat of fusion and increase in stiffness at low temperatures. Taken together, these results indicate that oxidative cross-linking is the dominant radiolysis mechanism that occurs when this material is exposed to gamma irradiation in air at high dose rates.},
doi = {10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2015.03.009},
journal = {Polymer Degradation and Stability},
number = ,
volume = 116,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {3}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Dielectric and Carrier Transport Properties of Silicone Rubber Degraded by Gamma Irradiation
    journal, October 2017


    Experimental investigation of the degradation mechanism of silicone rubber exposed to heat and gamma rays
    journal, June 2017