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Title: Towards stable and commercially available perovskite solar cells

Abstract

Solar cells employing a halide perovskite with an organic cation now show power conversion efficiency of up to 22%. But, these cells are facing issues towards commercialization, such as the need to achieve long-term stability and the development of a manufacturing method for the reproducible fabrication of high-performance devices. We propose a strategy to obtain stable and commercially viable perovskite solar cells. A reproducible manufacturing method is suggested, as well as routes to manage grain boundaries and interfacial charge transport. Electroluminescence is regarded as a metric to gauge theoretical efficiency. We highlight how optimizing the design of device architectures is important not only for achieving high efficiency but also for hysteresis-free and stable performance. Here, we argue that reliable device characterization is needed to ensure the advance of this technology towards practical applications. We believe that perovskite-based devices can be competitive with silicon solar modules, and discuss issues related to the safe management of toxic material.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [4]
  1. Sungkyunkwan Univ., Suwon (Republic of Korea). School of Chemical Engineering
  2. Ecole Polytechnique Federale Lausanne (Switzlerland). Inst. of Chemical Sciences and Engineering
  3. Toin Univ. of Yokohama (Japan)
  4. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Renewable Power Office. Solar Energy Technologies Office
OSTI Identifier:
1329525
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-66413
Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; solar cells; perovskite; manufacturing; grain boundaries; interfacial charge transport

Citation Formats

Park, Nam-Gyu, Grätzel, Michael, Miyasaka, Tsutomu, Zhu, Kai, and Emery, Keith. Towards stable and commercially available perovskite solar cells. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/nenergy.2016.152.
Park, Nam-Gyu, Grätzel, Michael, Miyasaka, Tsutomu, Zhu, Kai, & Emery, Keith. Towards stable and commercially available perovskite solar cells. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/nenergy.2016.152
Park, Nam-Gyu, Grätzel, Michael, Miyasaka, Tsutomu, Zhu, Kai, and Emery, Keith. Mon . "Towards stable and commercially available perovskite solar cells". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/nenergy.2016.152. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1329525.
@article{osti_1329525,
title = {Towards stable and commercially available perovskite solar cells},
author = {Park, Nam-Gyu and Grätzel, Michael and Miyasaka, Tsutomu and Zhu, Kai and Emery, Keith},
abstractNote = {Solar cells employing a halide perovskite with an organic cation now show power conversion efficiency of up to 22%. But, these cells are facing issues towards commercialization, such as the need to achieve long-term stability and the development of a manufacturing method for the reproducible fabrication of high-performance devices. We propose a strategy to obtain stable and commercially viable perovskite solar cells. A reproducible manufacturing method is suggested, as well as routes to manage grain boundaries and interfacial charge transport. Electroluminescence is regarded as a metric to gauge theoretical efficiency. We highlight how optimizing the design of device architectures is important not only for achieving high efficiency but also for hysteresis-free and stable performance. Here, we argue that reliable device characterization is needed to ensure the advance of this technology towards practical applications. We believe that perovskite-based devices can be competitive with silicon solar modules, and discuss issues related to the safe management of toxic material.},
doi = {10.1038/nenergy.2016.152},
journal = {Nature Energy},
number = 11,
volume = 1,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {10}
}

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Cited by: 115 works
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    journal, January 2018

    • Numata, Youhei; Ishikawa, Ryo; Sanehira, Yoshitaka
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta02540a

    Efficient and UV-stable perovskite solar cells enabled by side chain-engineered polymeric hole-transporting layers
    journal, January 2018

    • Tsai, Chang-Hung; Li, Nan; Lee, Chia-Chen
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 27
    • DOI: 10.1039/c8ta03608j

    Performance enhancement of AgBi 2 I 7 solar cells by modulating a solvent-mediated adduct and tuning remnant BiI 3 in one-step crystallization
    journal, January 2019

    • Kulkarni, Ashish; Jena, Ajay K.; Ikegami, Masashi
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    Refractive index change dominates the transient absorption response of metal halide perovskite thin films in the near infrared
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    • Pasanen, Hannu P.; Vivo, Paola; Canil, Laura
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    AgBiS 2 as a low-cost and eco-friendly all-inorganic photovoltaic material: nanoscale morphology–property relationship
    journal, January 2020

    • Ju, Ming-Gang; Dai, Jun; Ma, Liang
    • Nanoscale Advances, Vol. 2, Issue 2
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    A photo-crosslinkable bis-triarylamine side-chain polymer as a hole-transport material for stable perovskite solar cells
    journal, January 2020

    • Tremblay, Marie-Hélène; Schutt, Kelly; Zhang, Yadong
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    Lead-free low-dimensional tin halide perovskites with functional organic spacers: breaking the charge-transport bottleneck
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    • Ju, Ming-Gang; Dai, Jun; Ma, Liang
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 28
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    A thermally stable, barium-stabilized α-CsPbI 3 perovskite for optoelectronic devices
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    • Kajal, Sandeep; Kim, Gi-Hwan; Myung, Chang Woo
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, Issue 38
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    Morphology control towards a greener, non-halogenated solvent system processed CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 film for high performance perovskite solar cells
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    • Tan, Wan-Yi; Cheng, Peng-Peng; Zhang, Yong-Wen
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 7, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1039/c9tc00812h

    Complexes of BiCl 3 with hydrazone derived ligands: a Möbius-like discrete metal chelate versus a salt-like porous polymeric structure
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    • New Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 44, Issue 22
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    Perspective: Theory and simulation of hybrid halide perovskites
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    • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 146, Issue 22
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    In situ investigation of light soaking in organolead halide perovskite films
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    • APL Materials, Vol. 7, Issue 4
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    Toward air-stable field-effect transistors with a tin iodide-based hybrid perovskite semiconductor
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    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 125, Issue 23
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    Fabrications and Applications of ZnO Nanomaterials in Flexible Functional Devices-A Review
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    Interfacial crosslinked quasi-2D perovskite with boosted carrier transport and enhanced stability
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    • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 51, Issue 40
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    Roadmap on halide perovskite and related devices
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    Effect of PQT-12 interface layer on the performance of PCDTBT: PCBM bulk heterojunction solar cells
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    • Kumar, Amit; Ratan, Smrity; Jarwal, Deepak Kumar
    • Materials Research Express, Vol. 6, Issue 11
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    Bication lead iodide 2D perovskite component to stabilize inorganic α-CsPbI 3 perovskite phase for high-efficiency solar cells
    journal, September 2017


    High-efficiency large-area perovskite photovoltaic modules achieved via electrochemically assembled metal-filamentary nanoelectrodes
    journal, August 2018


    Efficient and stable solution-processed planar perovskite solar cells via contact passivation
    journal, February 2017


    All-inorganic inverse perovskite solar cells using zinc oxide nanocolloids on spin coated perovskite layer
    journal, July 2017


    Influence of Bulky Organo-Ammonium Halide Additive Choice on the Flexibility and Efficiency of Perovskite Light-Emitting Devices
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    • Zhao, Lianfeng; Rolston, Nicholas; Lee, Kyung Min
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    Pushing PbS/Metal‐Halide‐Perovskite Core/Epitaxial‐Ligand‐Shell Nanocrystal Photodetectors beyond 3 µm Wavelength
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    300% Enhancement of Carrier Mobility in Uniaxial-Oriented Perovskite Films Formed by Topotactic-Oriented Attachment
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    Mix and Match: Organic and Inorganic Ions in the Perovskite Lattice
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    Perovskite Photovoltaics: The Significant Role of Ligands in Film Formation, Passivation, and Stability
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    Highly Efficient and Stable Solar Cells Based on Crystalline Oriented 2D/3D Hybrid Perovskite
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    Defect Engineering toward Highly Efficient and Stable Perovskite Solar Cells
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    Recent Advances in Flexible Inorganic Light Emitting Diodes: From Materials Design to Integrated Optoelectronic Platforms
    journal, September 2018


    Crystallinity Preservation and Ion Migration Suppression through Dual Ion Exchange Strategy for Stable Mixed Perovskite Solar Cells
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    Carbon Nanoparticles in High-Performance Perovskite Solar Cells
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    • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 12
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    Efficient Semitransparent CsPbI 3 Quantum Dots Photovoltaics Using a Graphene Electrode
    journal, August 2019

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    • Small Methods, Vol. 3, Issue 12
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    A Review on Energy Band‐Gap Engineering for Perovskite Photovoltaics
    journal, September 2019


    Composition-Dependent Degradation of Hybrid and Inorganic Lead Perovskites in Ambient Conditions
    journal, April 2018

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    A fluorene-terminated hole-transporting material for highly efficient and stable perovskite solar cells
    journal, July 2018


    Light Intensity-dependent Variation in Defect Contributions to Charge Transport and Recombination in a Planar MAPbI3 Perovskite Solar Cell
    journal, December 2019


    High-throughput and tunable synthesis of colloidal CsPbX 3 perovskite nanocrystals in a heterogeneous system by microwave irradiation
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    Extrinsic ion migration in perovskite solar cells
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    High-efficiency near-infrared enabled planar perovskite solar cells by embedding upconversion nanocrystals
    journal, January 2017

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    A dimeric fullerene derivative for efficient inverted planar perovskite solar cells with improved stability
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    • Tian, Chengbo; Kochiss, Kevin; Castro, Edison
    • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 5, Issue 16
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    Methylamine lead bromide perovskite/protonated graphitic carbon nitride nanocomposites: interfacial charge carrier dynamics and photocatalysis
    journal, January 2017

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    Extending lead-free hybrid photovoltaic materials to new structures: thiazolium, aminothiazolium and imidazolium iodobismuthates
    journal, January 2018

    • Li, Tianyue; Wang, Qifei; Nichol, Gary S.
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    Phosphomolybdic acid as an efficient hole injection material in perovskite optoelectronic devices
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    MAPbI 3 microneedle-arrays for perovskite photovoltaic application
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    All-inorganic lead-free perovskites for optoelectronic applications
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    Evaluation of multiple cation/anion perovskite solar cells through life cycle assessment
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    Narrow optical gap ferroelectric Bi 2 ZnTiO 6 thin films deposited by RF sputtering
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    Ab initio study of the dynamics of electron trapping and detrapping processes in the CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 perovskite
    journal, January 2019

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    Recent advances in the fabrication of graphene–ZnO heterojunctions for optoelectronic device applications
    journal, January 2018

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    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 6, Issue 15
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    An interface stabilized perovskite solar cell with high stabilized efficiency and low voltage loss
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    Long-term ambient air-stable cubic CsPbBr 3 perovskite quantum dots using molecular bromine
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    Carrier-gas assisted vapor deposition for highly tunable morphology of halide perovskite thin films
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    Highly efficient and stable inverted perovskite solar cells using down-shifting quantum dots as a light management layer and moisture-assisted film growth
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    Structured crystallization for efficient all-inorganic perovskite solar cells with high phase stability
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    Direct emission from quartet excited states triggered by upconversion phenomena in solid-phase synthesized fluorescent lead-free organic–inorganic hybrid compounds
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    A partially-planarised hole-transporting quart- p -phenylene for perovskite solar cells
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    Skillfully deflecting the question: a small amount of piperazine-1,4-diium iodide radically enhances the thermal stability of CsPbI 3 perovskite
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    • Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 7, Issue 38
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    Exploring wide bandgap metal oxides for perovskite solar cells
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    DFT study of the electronic properties and the cubic to tetragonal phase transition in RbCaF 3
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    Defect-engineered epitaxial VO 2±δ in strain engineering of heterogeneous soft crystals
    journal, May 2018


    Carrier lifetimes of >1 μs in Sn-Pb perovskites enable efficient all-perovskite tandem solar cells
    journal, April 2019


    Environment versus sustainable energy: The case of lead halide perovskite-based solar cells
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    • Babayigit, Aslihan; Boyen, Hans-Gerd; Conings, Bert
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    Synergistic Effect of Elevated Device Temperature and Excess Charge Carriers on the Rapid Light-Induced Degradation of Perovskite Solar Cells
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    Nanostructured Perovskite Solar Cells
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    • McDonald, Calum; Ni, Chengsheng; Maguire, Paul
    • Nanomaterials, Vol. 9, Issue 10
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    Carbon Counter Electrodes in Dye‐Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells
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    Enhanced Electroluminescence from Organic Light-Emitting Diodes with an Organic-Inorganic Perovskite Host Layer
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    Mutual Insight on Ferroelectrics and Hybrid Halide Perovskites: A Platform for Future Multifunctional Energy Conversion
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    Synergic Interface Optimization with Green Solvent Engineering in Mixed Perovskite Solar Cells
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    Influence of Grain Size on Phase Transitions in Halide Perovskite Films
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    Benchmarking Chemical Stability of Arbitrarily Mixed 3D Hybrid Halide Perovskites for Solar Cell Applications
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    Interface Engineering in n‐i‐p Metal Halide Perovskite Solar Cells
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    Tailoring vertical phase distribution of quasi-two-dimensional perovskite films via surface modification of hole-transporting layer
    journal, February 2019


    Impacts of alkaline on the defects property and crystallization kinetics in perovskite solar cells
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    Atomic-level passivation mechanism of ammonium salts enabling highly efficient perovskite solar cells
    journal, July 2019

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    Reduction of lead leakage from damaged lead halide perovskite solar modules using self-healing polymer-based encapsulation
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    Imperfections and their passivation in halide perovskite solar cells
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    • Chen, Bo; Rudd, Peter N.; Yang, Shuang
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    Stable, color-tunable 2D SCN-based perovskites: revealing the critical influence of an asymmetric pseudo-halide on constituent ions
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    Ultrafast carrier dynamics of metal halide perovskite nanocrystals and perovskite-composites
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    Potassium ions as a kinetic controller in ionic double layers for hysteresis-free perovskite solar cells
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    Sulfur-fused perylene diimide electron transport layers allow >400 h operational lifetime of methylammonium lead iodide photovoltaics
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    Advances in modelling and simulation of halide perovskites for solar cell applications
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    Giant Rashba splitting in 2D organic-inorganic halide perovskites measured by transient spectroscopies
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