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Title: High-beta, steady-state hybrid scenario on DIII-D

Here, the potential of the hybrid scenario (first developed as an advanced inductive scenario for high fluence) as a regime for high-beta, steady-state plasmas is demonstrated on the DIII-D tokamak. These experiments show that the beneficial characteristics of hybrids, namely safety factor ≥1 with low central magnetic shear, high stability limits and excellent confinement, are maintained when strong central current drive (electron cyclotron and neutral beam) is applied to increase the calculated non-inductive fraction to ≈100% (≈50% bootstrap current). The best discharges achieve normalized beta of 3.4, IPB98(y,2) confinement factor of 1.4, surface loop voltage of 0.01 V, and nearly equal electron and ion temperatures at low collisionality. A zero-dimensional physics model shows that steady-state hybrid operation with Q fus ~ 5 is feasible in FDF and ITER. The advantage of the hybrid scenario as an Advanced Tokamak regime is that the external current drive can be deposited near the plasma axis where the efficiency is high; additionally, good alignment between the current drive and plasma current profiles is not necessary as the poloidal magnetic flux pumping self-organizes the current density profile in hybrids with an m/n=3/2 tearing mode.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [1] ;  [6]
  1. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  2. CompX, Del Mar, CA (United States)
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  5. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  6. Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas, Lausanne (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
FC02-04ER54698; AC05-00OR22725; FG02-08ER54984; FG02-04ER54761; AC52-07NA27344
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Fusion
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 56; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0029-5515
IOP Science
Research Org:
U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C. (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Advanced Research Projects Agency - Energy (ARPA-E)
Country of Publication:
United States
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; steady state tokamak; hybrid; advanced tokamak
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1238948