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Title: Variation in superconducting transition temperature due to tetragonal domains in two-dimensionally doped SrTiO 3

Strontium titanate is a low-temperature, non–Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer superconductor that superconducts to carrier concentrations lower than in any other system and exhibits avoided ferroelectricity at low temperatures. Neither the mechanism of superconductivity in strontium titanate nor the importance of the structure and dielectric properties for the superconductivity are well understood. We studied the effects of twin structure on superconductivity in a 5.5-nm-thick layer of niobium-doped SrTiO 3 embedded in undoped SrTiO 3. We used a scanning superconducting quantum interference device susceptometer to image the local diamagnetic response of the sample as a function of temperature. We observed regions that exhibited a superconducting transition temperature T c ≳ 10% higher than the temperature at which the sample was fully superconducting. The pattern of these regions varied spatially in a manner characteristic of structural twin domains. Some regions are too wide to originate on twin boundaries; therefore, we propose that the orientation of the tetragonal unit cell with respect to the doped plane affects T c. Finally, our results suggest that the anisotropic dielectric properties of SrTiO 3 are important for its superconductivity and need to be considered in any theory of the mechanism of the superconductivity.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [5] ;  [5] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  2. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  4. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Univ. of Bristol, Bristol (United Kingdom)
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; PRBMDO
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515; AC02-06CH11357
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: 17; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1333608