skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

Title: Spatiotemporal periodicity of dislocation dynamics in a two-dimensional microfluidic crystal flowing in a tapered channel

Collective interactions in many-body systems can give rise to unexpected order. Such interactions underlie a wide range of complex phenomena such as swarming in animals and traffic patterns. This work reports an unexpected order in the flow of highly confined and highly concentrated water-in-oil drops, which can be explained and modeled as a soft crystal being extruded in the nanoscale. The findings are important to the understanding of out-of-equilibrium many-body systems, and the flow control of these drops used as microreactors in droplet microfluidics. Furthermore, contrary to the unpredictable microscale crystal deformation process, the discoveries here indicate that nanoscale crystal deformation can be highly ordered and predictable, and imply that the manufacturing of nanocrystalline materials may be easier than perceived.
Authors:
; ; ;
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0010412
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 113; Journal Issue: 43; Related Information: CHORUS Timestamp: 2017-06-24 20:51:23; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Publisher:
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY
OSTI Identifier:
1328597