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Title: Photoelectrochemical Properties and Photostabilities of High Surface Area CuBi 2O 4 and Ag-Doped CuBi 2O 4 Photocathodes

Here, electrochemical synthesis methods were developed to produce CuBi 2O 4, a promising p-type oxide for use in solar water splitting, as high surface area electrodes with uniform coverage. These methods involved electrodepositing nanoporous Cu/Bi films with a Cu:Bi ratio of 1:2 from dimethyl sulfoxide or ethylene glycol solutions, and thermally oxidizing them to CuBi 2O 4 at 450°C in air. Ag-doped CuBi 2O 4 electrodes were also prepared by adding a trace amount of Ag+ in the plating medium and codepositing Ag with the Cu/Bi films. In the Ag-doped CuBi 2O 4, Ag+ ions substitutionally replaced Bi3+ ions and increased the hole concentration in CuBi 2O 4. As a result, photocurrent enhancements for both O 2 reduction and water reduction were achieved. Furthermore, while undoped CuBi 2O 4 electrodes suffered from anodic photocorrosion during O 2 reduction due to poor hole transport, Ag-doped CuBiO 4 effectively suppressed anodic photocorrosion. The flat-band potentials of CuBi 2O 4 and Ag-doped CuBi 2O 4 electrodes prepared in this study were found to be more positive than 1.3 V vs RHE in a 0.1 M NaOH solution (pH 12.8), which make these photocathodes highly attractive for use in solar hydrogen production. The optimizedmore » CuBi 2O 4/Ag-doped CuBi 2O 4 photocathode showed a photocurrent onset for water reduction at 1.1 V vs RHE, achieving a photovoltage higher than 1 V for water reduction. The thermodynamic feasibility of photoexcited electrons in the conduction band of CuBi 2O 4 to reduce water was also confirmed by detection of H 2 during photocurrent generation. This study provides new understanding for constructing improved CuBi 2O 4 photocathodes by systematically investigating photocorrosion as well as photoelectrochemical properties of high-quality CuBi 2O 4 and Ag-doped CuBi 2O 4 photoelectrodes for photoreduction of both O 2 and water.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  2. Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Chemistry of Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 0897-4756
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1438028