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Title: Path to AWAKE: Evolution of the concept

This study describes the conceptual steps in reaching the design of the AWAKE experiment currently under construction at CERN. We start with an introduction to plasma wakefield acceleration and the motivation for using proton drivers. We then describe the self-modulation instability – a key to an early realization of the concept. This is then followed by the historical development of the experimental design, where the critical issues that arose and their solutions are described. We conclude with the design of the experiment as it is being realized at CERN and some words on the future outlook. A summary of the AWAKE design and construction status as presented in this conference is given in Gschwendtner et al. [1] .
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1511.09032; FERMILAB-CONF-15-650
Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002; 1407225
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 829; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; plasma wakefield acceleration; proton driven; self-modulation instability
OSTI Identifier:
1327424

Caldwell, A., Adli, E., Amorim, L., Apsimon, R., Argyropoulos, T., Assmann, R., Bachmann, A. -M., Batsch, F., Bauche, J., Berglyd Olsen, V. K., Bernardini, M., Bingham, R., Biskup, B., Bohl, T., Bracco, C., Burrows, P. N., Burt, G., Buttenschön, B., Butterworth, A., Cascella, M., Chattopadhyay, S., Chevallay, E., Cipiccia, S., Damerau, H., Deacon, L., Dirksen, P., Doebert, S., Dorda, U., Elsen, E., Farmer, J., Fartoukh, S., Fedosseev, V., Feldbaumer, E., Fiorito, R., Fonseca, R., Friebel, F., Geschonke, G., Goddard, B., Gorn, A. A., Grulke, O., Gschwendtner, E., Hansen, J., Hessler, C., Hillenbrand, S., Hofle, W., Holloway, J., Huang, C., Hüther, M., Jaroszynski, D., Jensen, L., Jolly, S., Joulaei, A., Kasim, M., Keeble, F., Kersevan, R., Kumar, N., Li, Y., Liu, S., Lopes, N., Lotov, K. V., Lu, W., Machacek, J., Mandry, S., Martin, I., Martorelli, R., Martyanov, M., Mazzoni, S., Meddahi, M., Merminga, L., Mete, O., Minakov, V. A., Mitchell, J., Moody, J., Müller, A. -S., Najmudin, Z., Noakes, T. C. Q., Norreys, P., Osterhoff, J., Öz, E., Pardons, A., Pepitone, K., Petrenko, A., Plyushchev, G., Pozimski, J., Pukhov, A., Reimann, O., Rieger, K., Roesler, S., Ruhl, H., Rusnak, T., Salveter, F., Savard, N., Schmidt, J., von der Schmitt, H., Seryi, A., Shaposhnikova, E., Sheng, Z. M., Sherwood, P., Silva, L., Simon, F., Soby, L., Sosedkin, A. P., Spitsyn, R. I., Tajima, T., Tarkeshian, R., Timko, H., Trines, R., Tückmantel, T., Tuev, P. V., Turner, M., Velotti, F., Verzilov, V., Vieira, J., Vincke, H., Wei, Y., Welsch, C. P., Wing, M., Xia, G., Yakimenko, V., Zhang, H., and Zimmermann, F.. Path to AWAKE: Evolution of the concept. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2015.12.050.
Caldwell, A., Adli, E., Amorim, L., Apsimon, R., Argyropoulos, T., Assmann, R., Bachmann, A. -M., Batsch, F., Bauche, J., Berglyd Olsen, V. K., Bernardini, M., Bingham, R., Biskup, B., Bohl, T., Bracco, C., Burrows, P. N., Burt, G., Buttenschön, B., Butterworth, A., Cascella, M., Chattopadhyay, S., Chevallay, E., Cipiccia, S., Damerau, H., Deacon, L., Dirksen, P., Doebert, S., Dorda, U., Elsen, E., Farmer, J., Fartoukh, S., Fedosseev, V., Feldbaumer, E., Fiorito, R., Fonseca, R., Friebel, F., Geschonke, G., Goddard, B., Gorn, A. A., Grulke, O., Gschwendtner, E., Hansen, J., Hessler, C., Hillenbrand, S., Hofle, W., Holloway, J., Huang, C., Hüther, M., Jaroszynski, D., Jensen, L., Jolly, S., Joulaei, A., Kasim, M., Keeble, F., Kersevan, R., Kumar, N., Li, Y., Liu, S., Lopes, N., Lotov, K. V., Lu, W., Machacek, J., Mandry, S., Martin, I., Martorelli, R., Martyanov, M., Mazzoni, S., Meddahi, M., Merminga, L., Mete, O., Minakov, V. A., Mitchell, J., Moody, J., Müller, A. -S., Najmudin, Z., Noakes, T. C. Q., Norreys, P., Osterhoff, J., Öz, E., Pardons, A., Pepitone, K., Petrenko, A., Plyushchev, G., Pozimski, J., Pukhov, A., Reimann, O., Rieger, K., Roesler, S., Ruhl, H., Rusnak, T., Salveter, F., Savard, N., Schmidt, J., von der Schmitt, H., Seryi, A., Shaposhnikova, E., Sheng, Z. M., Sherwood, P., Silva, L., Simon, F., Soby, L., Sosedkin, A. P., Spitsyn, R. I., Tajima, T., Tarkeshian, R., Timko, H., Trines, R., Tückmantel, T., Tuev, P. V., Turner, M., Velotti, F., Verzilov, V., Vieira, J., Vincke, H., Wei, Y., Welsch, C. P., Wing, M., Xia, G., Yakimenko, V., Zhang, H., & Zimmermann, F.. Path to AWAKE: Evolution of the concept. United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2015.12.050.
Caldwell, A., Adli, E., Amorim, L., Apsimon, R., Argyropoulos, T., Assmann, R., Bachmann, A. -M., Batsch, F., Bauche, J., Berglyd Olsen, V. K., Bernardini, M., Bingham, R., Biskup, B., Bohl, T., Bracco, C., Burrows, P. N., Burt, G., Buttenschön, B., Butterworth, A., Cascella, M., Chattopadhyay, S., Chevallay, E., Cipiccia, S., Damerau, H., Deacon, L., Dirksen, P., Doebert, S., Dorda, U., Elsen, E., Farmer, J., Fartoukh, S., Fedosseev, V., Feldbaumer, E., Fiorito, R., Fonseca, R., Friebel, F., Geschonke, G., Goddard, B., Gorn, A. A., Grulke, O., Gschwendtner, E., Hansen, J., Hessler, C., Hillenbrand, S., Hofle, W., Holloway, J., Huang, C., Hüther, M., Jaroszynski, D., Jensen, L., Jolly, S., Joulaei, A., Kasim, M., Keeble, F., Kersevan, R., Kumar, N., Li, Y., Liu, S., Lopes, N., Lotov, K. V., Lu, W., Machacek, J., Mandry, S., Martin, I., Martorelli, R., Martyanov, M., Mazzoni, S., Meddahi, M., Merminga, L., Mete, O., Minakov, V. A., Mitchell, J., Moody, J., Müller, A. -S., Najmudin, Z., Noakes, T. C. Q., Norreys, P., Osterhoff, J., Öz, E., Pardons, A., Pepitone, K., Petrenko, A., Plyushchev, G., Pozimski, J., Pukhov, A., Reimann, O., Rieger, K., Roesler, S., Ruhl, H., Rusnak, T., Salveter, F., Savard, N., Schmidt, J., von der Schmitt, H., Seryi, A., Shaposhnikova, E., Sheng, Z. M., Sherwood, P., Silva, L., Simon, F., Soby, L., Sosedkin, A. P., Spitsyn, R. I., Tajima, T., Tarkeshian, R., Timko, H., Trines, R., Tückmantel, T., Tuev, P. V., Turner, M., Velotti, F., Verzilov, V., Vieira, J., Vincke, H., Wei, Y., Welsch, C. P., Wing, M., Xia, G., Yakimenko, V., Zhang, H., and Zimmermann, F.. 2016. "Path to AWAKE: Evolution of the concept". United States. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2015.12.050. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1327424.
@article{osti_1327424,
title = {Path to AWAKE: Evolution of the concept},
author = {Caldwell, A. and Adli, E. and Amorim, L. and Apsimon, R. and Argyropoulos, T. and Assmann, R. and Bachmann, A. -M. and Batsch, F. and Bauche, J. and Berglyd Olsen, V. K. and Bernardini, M. and Bingham, R. and Biskup, B. and Bohl, T. and Bracco, C. and Burrows, P. N. and Burt, G. and Buttenschön, B. and Butterworth, A. and Cascella, M. and Chattopadhyay, S. and Chevallay, E. and Cipiccia, S. and Damerau, H. and Deacon, L. and Dirksen, P. and Doebert, S. and Dorda, U. and Elsen, E. and Farmer, J. and Fartoukh, S. and Fedosseev, V. and Feldbaumer, E. and Fiorito, R. and Fonseca, R. and Friebel, F. and Geschonke, G. and Goddard, B. and Gorn, A. A. and Grulke, O. and Gschwendtner, E. and Hansen, J. and Hessler, C. and Hillenbrand, S. and Hofle, W. and Holloway, J. and Huang, C. and Hüther, M. and Jaroszynski, D. and Jensen, L. and Jolly, S. and Joulaei, A. and Kasim, M. and Keeble, F. and Kersevan, R. and Kumar, N. and Li, Y. and Liu, S. and Lopes, N. and Lotov, K. V. and Lu, W. and Machacek, J. and Mandry, S. and Martin, I. and Martorelli, R. and Martyanov, M. and Mazzoni, S. and Meddahi, M. and Merminga, L. and Mete, O. and Minakov, V. A. and Mitchell, J. and Moody, J. and Müller, A. -S. and Najmudin, Z. and Noakes, T. C. Q. and Norreys, P. and Osterhoff, J. and Öz, E. and Pardons, A. and Pepitone, K. and Petrenko, A. and Plyushchev, G. and Pozimski, J. and Pukhov, A. and Reimann, O. and Rieger, K. and Roesler, S. and Ruhl, H. and Rusnak, T. and Salveter, F. and Savard, N. and Schmidt, J. and von der Schmitt, H. and Seryi, A. and Shaposhnikova, E. and Sheng, Z. M. and Sherwood, P. and Silva, L. and Simon, F. and Soby, L. and Sosedkin, A. P. and Spitsyn, R. I. and Tajima, T. and Tarkeshian, R. and Timko, H. and Trines, R. and Tückmantel, T. and Tuev, P. V. and Turner, M. and Velotti, F. and Verzilov, V. and Vieira, J. and Vincke, H. and Wei, Y. and Welsch, C. P. and Wing, M. and Xia, G. and Yakimenko, V. and Zhang, H. and Zimmermann, F.},
abstractNote = {This study describes the conceptual steps in reaching the design of the AWAKE experiment currently under construction at CERN. We start with an introduction to plasma wakefield acceleration and the motivation for using proton drivers. We then describe the self-modulation instability – a key to an early realization of the concept. This is then followed by the historical development of the experimental design, where the critical issues that arose and their solutions are described. We conclude with the design of the experiment as it is being realized at CERN and some words on the future outlook. A summary of the AWAKE design and construction status as presented in this conference is given in Gschwendtner et al. [1] .},
doi = {10.1016/j.nima.2015.12.050},
journal = {Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment},
number = C,
volume = 829,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {1}
}