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Title: Highly active Au/δ-MoC and Cu/δ-MoC catalysts for the conversion of CO 2: The metal/C ratio as a key factor defining activity, selectivity, and stability

The ever growing increase of CO 2 concentration in the atmosphere is one of the main causes of global warming. Thus, CO 2 activation and conversion toward valuable added compounds is a major scientific challenge. A new set of Au/δ-MoC and Cu/δ-MoC catalysts exhibits high activity, selectivity, and stability for the reduction of CO 2 to CO with some subsequent selective hydrogenation toward methanol. Sophisticated experiments under controlled conditions and calculations based on density functional theory have been used to study the unique behavior of these systems. A detailed comparison of the behavior of Au/β-Mo 2C and Au/δ-MoC catalysts provides evidence of the impact of the metal/carbon ratio in the carbide on the performance of the catalysts. The present results show that this ratio governs the chemical behavior of the carbide and the properties of the admetal, up to the point of being able to switch the rate and mechanism of the process for CO 2 conversion. Here, a control of the metal/carbon ratio paves the road for an efficient reutilization of this environmental harmful greenhouse gas.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Univ. de Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain)
  2. Univ. Central de Venezuela, Caracas (Venezuela)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863; R&D Project: CP027; KC0302010
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 138; Journal Issue: 26; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; CO2 hydrogenation; CO2 reduction; methanol; reverse water-gas shift reaction; metal carbides; copper
OSTI Identifier: