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Title: Dimensional changes of Nb3Sn Rutherford cables during heat treatment

Abstract

In high field magnet applications, Nb 3 Sn coils undergo a heat treatment step after winding. During this stage, coils radially expand and longitudinally contract due to the Nb 3 Sn phase change. In order to prevent residual strain from altering superconducting performances, the tooling must provide the adequate space for these dimensional changes. The aim of this paper is to understand the behavior of cable dimensions during heat treatment and to provide estimates of the space to be accommodated in the tooling for coil expansion and contraction. This paper summarizes measurements of dimensional changes on strands, single Rutherford cables, cable stacks, and coils performed between 2013 and 2015. These samples and coils have been performed within a collaboration between CERN and the U.S. LHC Accelerator Research Program to develop Nb 3 Sn quadrupole magnets for the HiLumi LHC. The results are also compared with other high field magnet projects.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [4];  [4];  [1];  [3];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [3];  [2]
  1. European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland)
  2. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
OSTI Identifier:
1326592
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1454465
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-16-055-TD
Journal ID: ISSN 1051-8223; 1466573
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1051-8223
Publisher:
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; conductor dimensions; heat treatment; Nb3Sn conductors; Rutherford cables; cable insulation; coils; superconducting cables; niobioum-tin; superconducting magnets

Citation Formats

Rochepault, E., Ferracin, P., Ambrosio, G., Anerella, M., Ballarino, A., Bonasia, A., Bordini, B., Cheng, D., Dietderich, D. R., Felice, H., Fajardo, L. Garcia, Ghosh, A., Holik, E. F., Bermudez, S. Izquierdo, Perez, J. C., Pong, I., Schmalzle, J., and Yu, M. Dimensional changes of Nb3Sn Rutherford cables during heat treatment. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2016.2539156.
Rochepault, E., Ferracin, P., Ambrosio, G., Anerella, M., Ballarino, A., Bonasia, A., Bordini, B., Cheng, D., Dietderich, D. R., Felice, H., Fajardo, L. Garcia, Ghosh, A., Holik, E. F., Bermudez, S. Izquierdo, Perez, J. C., Pong, I., Schmalzle, J., & Yu, M. Dimensional changes of Nb3Sn Rutherford cables during heat treatment. United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2016.2539156
Rochepault, E., Ferracin, P., Ambrosio, G., Anerella, M., Ballarino, A., Bonasia, A., Bordini, B., Cheng, D., Dietderich, D. R., Felice, H., Fajardo, L. Garcia, Ghosh, A., Holik, E. F., Bermudez, S. Izquierdo, Perez, J. C., Pong, I., Schmalzle, J., and Yu, M. Wed . "Dimensional changes of Nb3Sn Rutherford cables during heat treatment". United States. https://doi.org/10.1109/TASC.2016.2539156. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1326592.
@article{osti_1326592,
title = {Dimensional changes of Nb3Sn Rutherford cables during heat treatment},
author = {Rochepault, E. and Ferracin, P. and Ambrosio, G. and Anerella, M. and Ballarino, A. and Bonasia, A. and Bordini, B. and Cheng, D. and Dietderich, D. R. and Felice, H. and Fajardo, L. Garcia and Ghosh, A. and Holik, E. F. and Bermudez, S. Izquierdo and Perez, J. C. and Pong, I. and Schmalzle, J. and Yu, M.},
abstractNote = {In high field magnet applications, Nb 3 Sn coils undergo a heat treatment step after winding. During this stage, coils radially expand and longitudinally contract due to the Nb 3 Sn phase change. In order to prevent residual strain from altering superconducting performances, the tooling must provide the adequate space for these dimensional changes. The aim of this paper is to understand the behavior of cable dimensions during heat treatment and to provide estimates of the space to be accommodated in the tooling for coil expansion and contraction. This paper summarizes measurements of dimensional changes on strands, single Rutherford cables, cable stacks, and coils performed between 2013 and 2015. These samples and coils have been performed within a collaboration between CERN and the U.S. LHC Accelerator Research Program to develop Nb 3 Sn quadrupole magnets for the HiLumi LHC. The results are also compared with other high field magnet projects.},
doi = {10.1109/TASC.2016.2539156},
journal = {IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity},
number = 4,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}

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