skip to main content


Title: Dimensional changes of Nb 3Sn Rutherford cables during heat treatment

In high field magnet applications, Nb 3Sn coils undergo a heat treatment step after winding. During this stage, coils radially expand and longitudinally contract due to the Nb 3Sn phase change. In order to prevent residual strain from altering superconducting performances, the tooling must provide the adequate space for these dimensional changes. The aim of this paper is to understand the behavior of cable dimensions during heat treatment and to provide estimates of the space to be accommodated in the tooling for coil expansion and contraction. In addition, this paper summarizes measurements of dimensional changes on strands, single Rutherford cables, cable stacks, and coils performed between 2013 and 2015. These samples and coils have been performed within a collaboration between CERN and the U.S. LHC Accelerator Research Program to develop Nb 3Sn quadrupole magnets for the HiLumi LHC. The results are also compared with other high field magnet projects.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [2]
  1. European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Geneva (Switzerland)
  2. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  4. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1051-8223; 1466573
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359; AC02-05CH11231
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1051-8223
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; conductor dimensions; heat treatment; Nb3Sn conductors; Rutherford cables; cable insulation; coils; superconducting cables; niobioum-tin; superconducting magnets
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1454465