skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

This content will become publicly available on August 30, 2017

Title: Study of the photocatalytic activity of Fe3+, Cr3+, La3+ and Eu3+ single-doped and co-doped TiO2 catalysts produced by aqueous sol-gel processing

An aqueous sol-gel process, previously developed for producing undoped and Cu2+, Ni2+, Zn2+ or Pb2+ doped TiO2 photocatalysts with remarkably high photocatalytic activity without requiring any calcination step, has been adapted to produce Fe3+, Cr3+, La3+ or Eu3+ single-doped TiO2 photocatalysts as well as La3+-Fe3+ and Eu3+-Fe3+ co-doped TiO2 catalysts. The physicochemical properties of the obtained catalysts have been characterized using a suite of complementary techniques, including ICP-AES, XRD, UV-Vis spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption-desorption and Fe-57 M ssbauer. The active crystalline phase is obtained without requiring any calcination step and all the different catalysts are composed of nanocrystallites of anatase with a size of 6-7 nm and a high specific surface area varying from 181 to 298 m2 g-1. In this study, the effect of the NO3:Ti(IV) mole ratio used to induce the peptisation reaction during the synthesis has been studied and the results revealed that this ratio can influence significantly the textural properties of the resulting catalyst. A screening of the photocatalytic activity of the undoped and Fe3+, Cr3+, La3+ or Eu3+ single-doped and co-doped photocatalysts has been performed by evaluating the degradation of 4-nitrophenol under UV-Visible light (330 nm < < 800 nm). This study suggests that the photocatalyticmore » activity is significantly influenced by the dopant nature and content with an optimal dopant content being observed in the case of Fe3+ or La3+ single-doped as well as in the case of La3+-Fe3+ and Eu3+-Fe3+ co-doped catalysts. In the case of Cr3+ single-doped catalysts, a detrimental effect of the dopant on the photocatalytic degradation of 4-nitrophenol has been observed while no significant influence of the dopant has been detected in the case of Eu3+ single-doped catalysts. In conclusion, the role of the different dopants in modulating the photocatalytic activity is discussed.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [5]
  1. Univ. de Liege, Liege (Belgium)
  2. Julich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS and Peter Grunberg Institute PGI, JARA-FIT, Forschungszentrum Julich, GmbH, Julich (Germany); Univ. de Liege, Liege (Belgium)
  3. Julich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS and Peter Grunberg Institute PGI, JARA-FIT, Forschungszentrum Julich, GmbH, Julich (Germany)
  4. Julich Centre for Neutron Science JCNS and Peter Grunberg Institute PGI, JARA-FIT, Forschungszentrum Julich, GmbH, Julich (Germany); Univ. de Liege, Liege (Belgium); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  5. Univ. of Western Sydney (Australia); Univ. of the Sunshine Coast (Australia)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1326518
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Alloys and Compounds
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 691; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0925-8388
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY aqueous sol-gel process; photocatalysis; TiO2; single-doped; Co-doped catalyst