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Title: Origin of the multiple configurations that drive the response of δ-plutonium’s elastic moduli to temperature

The electronic and thermodynamic complexity of plutonium has resisted a fundamental understanding for this important elemental metal. critical test of any theory is the unusual softening of the bulk modulus with increasing temperature, a result that is counterintuitive because no or very little change in the atomic volume is observed upon heating. This unexpected behavior has in the past been attributed to competing but never-observed electronic states with different bonding properties similar to the scenario with magnetic states in Invar alloys. When using the recent observation of plutonium dynamic magnetism, we construct a theory for plutonium that agrees with relevant measurements by using density-functional-theory (DFT) calculations with no free parameters to compute the effect of longitudinal spin fluctuations on the temperature dependence of the bulk moduli in δ-Pu. We also show that the softening with temperature can be understood in terms of a continuous distribution of thermally activated spin fluctuations.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-693599; LA-UR-16-23906
Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344; SC0001089; AC52-06NA25396
Published Article
Journal Name:
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 113; Journal Issue: 40; Journal ID: ISSN 0027-8424
National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; δ plutonium; elastic properties; temperature; elastic moduli; thermal expansion; DFT
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1336995; OSTI ID: 1343700