skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: The relationship between the plasmapause and outer belt electrons

Abstract

Here, we quantify the spatial relationship between the plasmapause and outer belt electrons for a 5 day period, 15–20 January 2013, by comparing locations of relativistic electron flux peaks to the plasmapause. A peak-finding algorithm is applied to 1.8–7.7 MeV relativistic electron flux data. A plasmapause gradient finder is applied to wave-derived electron number densities >10 cm–3. We identify two outer belts. Outer belt 1 is a stable zone of >3 MeV electrons located 1–2 RE inside the plasmapause. Outer belt 2 is a dynamic zone of <3 MeV electrons within 0.5 RE of the moving plasmapause. Electron fluxes earthward of each belt's peak are anticorrelated with cold plasma density. Belt 1 decayed on hiss timescales prior to a disturbance on 17 January and suffered only a modest dropout, perhaps owing to shielding by the plasmasphere. Afterward, the partially depleted belt 1 continued to decay at the initial rate. Belt 2 was emptied out by strong disturbance-time losses but restored within 24 h. For global context we use a plasmapause test particle simulation and derive a new plasmaspheric index Fp, the fraction of a circular drift orbit inside the plasmapause. We find that the locally measured plasmapause is (for thismore » event) a good proxy for the globally integrated opportunity for losses in cold plasma. Our analysis of the 15–20 January 2013 time interval confirms that high-energy electron storage rings can persist for weeks or even months if prolonged quiet conditions prevail. This case study must be followed up by more general study (not limited to a 5 day period).« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [2];  [1];  [4];  [4];  [6]; ORCiD logo [5];  [7]
  1. Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX (United States); Univ. of Texas, San Antonio, TX (United States)
  2. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  3. The Aerospace Corp., Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
  5. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  6. UCLA, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  7. Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1325657
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-16-25977
Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9380
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9380
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; Heliospheric and Magnetospheric Physics

Citation Formats

Goldstein, J., Baker, D. N., Blake, J. B., De Pascuale, S., Funsten, H. O., Jaynes, A. N., Jahn, J. -M., Kletzing, C. A., Kurth, W. S., Li, W., Reeves, G. D., and Spence, H. E. The relationship between the plasmapause and outer belt electrons. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/2016JA023046.
Goldstein, J., Baker, D. N., Blake, J. B., De Pascuale, S., Funsten, H. O., Jaynes, A. N., Jahn, J. -M., Kletzing, C. A., Kurth, W. S., Li, W., Reeves, G. D., & Spence, H. E. The relationship between the plasmapause and outer belt electrons. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023046
Goldstein, J., Baker, D. N., Blake, J. B., De Pascuale, S., Funsten, H. O., Jaynes, A. N., Jahn, J. -M., Kletzing, C. A., Kurth, W. S., Li, W., Reeves, G. D., and Spence, H. E. Thu . "The relationship between the plasmapause and outer belt electrons". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/2016JA023046. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1325657.
@article{osti_1325657,
title = {The relationship between the plasmapause and outer belt electrons},
author = {Goldstein, J. and Baker, D. N. and Blake, J. B. and De Pascuale, S. and Funsten, H. O. and Jaynes, A. N. and Jahn, J. -M. and Kletzing, C. A. and Kurth, W. S. and Li, W. and Reeves, G. D. and Spence, H. E.},
abstractNote = {Here, we quantify the spatial relationship between the plasmapause and outer belt electrons for a 5 day period, 15–20 January 2013, by comparing locations of relativistic electron flux peaks to the plasmapause. A peak-finding algorithm is applied to 1.8–7.7 MeV relativistic electron flux data. A plasmapause gradient finder is applied to wave-derived electron number densities >10 cm–3. We identify two outer belts. Outer belt 1 is a stable zone of >3 MeV electrons located 1–2 RE inside the plasmapause. Outer belt 2 is a dynamic zone of <3 MeV electrons within 0.5 RE of the moving plasmapause. Electron fluxes earthward of each belt's peak are anticorrelated with cold plasma density. Belt 1 decayed on hiss timescales prior to a disturbance on 17 January and suffered only a modest dropout, perhaps owing to shielding by the plasmasphere. Afterward, the partially depleted belt 1 continued to decay at the initial rate. Belt 2 was emptied out by strong disturbance-time losses but restored within 24 h. For global context we use a plasmapause test particle simulation and derive a new plasmaspheric index Fp, the fraction of a circular drift orbit inside the plasmapause. We find that the locally measured plasmapause is (for this event) a good proxy for the globally integrated opportunity for losses in cold plasma. Our analysis of the 15–20 January 2013 time interval confirms that high-energy electron storage rings can persist for weeks or even months if prolonged quiet conditions prevail. This case study must be followed up by more general study (not limited to a 5 day period).},
doi = {10.1002/2016JA023046},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. Space Physics},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Precipitation of relativistic electrons by interaction with electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves
journal, March 2000

  • Lorentzen, K. R.; McCarthy, M. P.; Parks, G. K.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 105, Issue A3
  • DOI: 10.1029/1999JA000283

Modeling inward diffusion and slow decay of energetic electrons in the Earth's outer radiation belt: Modeling gradual diffusion processes
journal, February 2015

  • Ma, Q.; Li, W.; Thorne, R. M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL062977

Statistical characteristics of EMIC waves: Van Allen Probe observations
journal, June 2015

  • Wang, Dedong; Yuan, Zhigang; Yu, Xiongdong
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021089

Simulation of Van Allen Probes plasmapause encounters
journal, September 2014

  • Goldstein, J.; Pascuale, S. De; Kletzing, C.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020252

Magnetospheric model of subauroral polarization stream: MAGNETOSPHERIC SAPS MODEL
journal, September 2005

  • Goldstein, J.; Burch, J. L.; Sandel, B. R.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 110, Issue A9
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011135

Simulation of dispersionless injections and drift echoes of energetic electrons associated with substorms
journal, October 1998

  • Li, Xinlin; Baker, D. N.; Temerin, M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 25, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1029/1998GL900001

A new functional form to study the solar wind control of the magnetopause size and shape
journal, May 1997

  • Shue, J. -H.; Chao, J. K.; Fu, H. C.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 102, Issue A5
  • DOI: 10.1029/97JA00196

Evolution of relativistic outer belt electrons during an extended quiescent period
journal, December 2014

  • Jaynes, A. N.; Li, X.; Schiller, Q. G.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020125

X-ray observations of MeV electron precipitation with a balloon-borne germanium spectrometer: X-RAY OBSERVATIONS OF MEV ELECTRON PRECIPITATION
journal, December 2002

  • Millan, R. M.; Lin, R. P.; Smith, D. M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1029/2002GL015922

Electron losses from the radiation belts caused by EMIC waves
journal, November 2014

  • Kersten, Tobias; Horne, Richard B.; Glauert, Sarah A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020366

Global-scale coherence modulation of radiation-belt electron loss from plasmaspheric hiss
journal, June 2015

  • Breneman, A. W.; Halford, A.; Millan, R.
  • Nature, Vol. 523, Issue 7559
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature14515

A case study of electron precipitation fluxes due to plasmaspheric hiss
journal, August 2015

  • Hardman, Rachael; Clilverd, Mark A.; Rodger, Craig J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021429

Simulation of proton radiation belt formation during the March 24, 1991 SSC
journal, February 1995

  • Hudson, M. K.; Kotelnikov, A. D.; Li, X.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 22, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1029/95GL00009

SWE, a comprehensive plasma instrument for the WIND spacecraft
journal, February 1995

  • Ogilvie, K. W.; Chornay, D. J.; Fritzenreiter, R. J.
  • Space Science Reviews, Vol. 71, Issue 1-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00751326

The WIND magnetic field investigation
journal, February 1995

  • Lepping, R. P.; Acũna, M. H.; Burlaga, L. F.
  • Space Science Reviews, Vol. 71, Issue 1-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00751330

Relative concentration of He + in the inner magnetosphere as observed by the DE 1 retarding ion mass spectrometer
journal, February 1997

  • Craven, P. D.; Gallagher, D. L.; Comfort, R. H.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 102, Issue A2
  • DOI: 10.1029/96JA02176

A Long-Lived Relativistic Electron Storage Ring Embedded in Earth's Outer Van Allen Belt
journal, February 2013


Electron precipitation from EMIC waves: A case study from 31 May 2013: ELECTRON PRECIPITATION FROM EMIC-IPDP
journal, May 2015

  • Clilverd, Mark A.; Duthie, Roger; Hardman, Rachael
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021090

Outward radial diffusion driven by losses at magnetopause
journal, January 2006

  • Shprits, Y. Y.; Thorne, R. M.; Friedel, R.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue A11
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006JA011657

On the cause and extent of outer radiation belt losses during the 30 September 2012 dropout event: Effective ranges of outer belt dropouts
journal, March 2014

  • Turner, D. L.; Angelopoulos, V.; Morley, S. K.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019446

In situ observations of EMIC waves in O + band by the Van Allen Probe A
journal, March 2015

  • Yu, Xiongdong; Yuan, Zhigang; Wang, Dedong
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL063250

The Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science (EMFISIS) on RBSP
journal, June 2013


Pitch-angle diffusion of radiation belt electrons within the plasmasphere
journal, July 1972

  • Lyons, Lawrence R.; Thorne, Richard Mansergh; Kennel, Charles F.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 77, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA077i019p03455

Statistically measuring the amount of pitch angle scattering that energetic electrons undergo as they drift across the plasmaspheric drainage plume at geosynchronous orbit: Pitch-Angle Scattering in the Plume
journal, March 2014

  • Borovsky, Joseph E.; Friedel, Reiner H. W.; Denton, Michael H.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019310

Plasmasphere-ionosphere coupling: 2. Ion composition measurements at plasmaspheric and ionospheric altitudes and comparison with modeling results
journal, January 1990

  • Horwitz, J. L.; Comfort, R. H.; Richards, P. G.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 95, Issue A6
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA095iA06p07949

Magnetospheric chorus emissions: A review
journal, May 1992


Dynamic relationship between the outer radiation belt and the plasmapause during March–May 2001
journal, January 2005


Radiation Around the Earth to a Radial Distance of 107,400 km.
journal, February 1959

  • Van Allen, James A.; Frank, Louis A.
  • Nature, Vol. 183, Issue 4659
  • DOI: 10.1038/183430a0

Storm time observations of electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves at geosynchronous orbit: GOES results: EMIC WAVES AND STORMS, GOES RESULTS
journal, May 2010

  • Fraser, B. J.; Grew, R. S.; Morley, S. K.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 115, Issue A5
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014516

Correlation between the inner edge of outer radiation belt electrons and the innermost plasmapause location
journal, January 2006

  • Li, Xinlin; Baker, D. N.; O'Brien, T. P.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006GL026294

Quantifying hiss-driven energetic electron precipitation: A detailed conjunction event analysis
journal, February 2014

  • Li, W.; Ni, B.; Thorne, R. M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013GL059132

Substorm dependence of chorus amplitudes: Implications for the acceleration of electrons to relativistic energies
journal, July 2001

  • Meredith, Nigel P.; Horne, Richard B.; Anderson, Roger R.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 106, Issue A7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JA900156

The morphology of the bulge region of the plasmasphere
journal, July 1970

  • Chappell, C. R.; Harris, K. K.; Sharp, G. W.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 75, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA075i019p03848

In situ signatures of residual plasmaspheric plumes: Observations and simulation
journal, June 2014

  • Goldstein, J.; Thomsen, M. F.; DeJong, A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA019953

Electron acceleration in the Van Allen radiation belts by fast magnetosonic waves
journal, January 2007

  • Horne, Richard B.; Thorne, Richard M.; Glauert, Sarah A.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007GL030267

Plasmaspheric hiss
journal, April 1973

  • Thorne, Richard M.; Smith, Edward J.; Burton, Rande K.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 78, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA078i010p01581

EMIC wave activity during geomagnetic storm and nonstorm periods: CRRES results: EMIC DURING CRRES STORMS
journal, December 2010

  • Halford, A. J.; Fraser, B. J.; Morley, S. K.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 115, Issue A12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JA015716

A background correction algorithm for Van Allen Probes MagEIS electron flux measurements: MAGEIS BACKGROUND CORRECTION ALGORITHM
journal, July 2015

  • Claudepierre, S. G.; O'Brien, T. P.; Blake, J. B.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021171

Effect of spatial density variation and O+ concentration on the growth and evolution of electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves
journal, October 2014

  • Denton, R. E.; Jordanova, V. K.; Fraser, B. J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020384

Upper limit on the inner radiation belt MeV electron intensity
journal, February 2015

  • Li, X.; Selesnick, R. S.; Baker, D. N.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020777

Coupled response of the inner magnetosphere and ionosphere on 17 April 2002
journal, January 2005


Global empirical models of plasmaspheric hiss using Van Allen Probes: HISS MODEL
journal, December 2015

  • Spasojevic, M.; Shprits, Y. Y.; Orlova, K.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021803

Observations of noise bands associated with the upper hybrid resonance by the Imp 6 Radio Astronomy Experiment
journal, April 1973

  • Mosier, Stephen R.; Kaiser, Michael L.; Brown, Larry W.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 78, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA078i010p01673

Global storm time depletion of the outer electron belt
journal, April 2015

  • Ukhorskiy, A. Y.; Sitnov, M. I.; Millan, R. M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020645

Substorm dependence of plasmaspheric hiss
journal, January 2004


Relativistic electron pitch-angle scattering by electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves during geomagnetic storms
journal, January 2003


Science Objectives and Rationale for the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Mission
journal, September 2012


Energetic, relativistic, and ultrarelativistic electrons: Comparison of long-term VERB code simulations with Van Allen Probes measurements: LONG-TERM VERB CODE SIMULATIONS
journal, May 2015

  • Drozdov, A. Y.; Shprits, Y. Y.; Orlova, K. G.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020637

High-resolution in situ observations of electron precipitation-causing EMIC waves: EMIC WAVES DRIVING PRECIPITATION
journal, November 2015

  • Rodger, Craig J.; Hendry, Aaron T.; Clilverd, Mark A.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL066581

A summary of the BARREL campaigns: Technique for studying electron precipitation
journal, June 2015

  • Woodger, L. A.; Halford, A. J.; Millan, R. M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020874

Is the plasmapause a preferred source region of electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves in the magnetosphere?
journal, July 2001


Timescale for radiation belt electron acceleration by whistler mode chorus waves
journal, January 2005


Propagation of electromagnetic ion cyclotron wave energy in the magnetosphere
journal, January 2005


Unusual stable trapping of the ultrarelativistic electrons in the Van Allen radiation belts
journal, September 2013

  • Shprits, Yuri Y.; Subbotin, Dmitriy; Drozdov, Alexander
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2760

The unexpected origin of plasmaspheric hiss from discrete chorus emissions
journal, March 2008

  • Bortnik, Jacob; Thorne, Richard M.; Meredith, Nigel P.
  • Nature, Vol. 452, Issue 7183
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature06741

Banded chorus-A new type of VLF radiation observed in the magnetosphere by OGO 1 and OGO 3
journal, June 1969


An extreme distortion of the Van Allen belt arising from the ‘Hallowe'en’ solar storm in 2003
journal, December 2004


Plasma observations at the Earth's magnetic equator
journal, January 1987

  • Olsen, R. C.; Shawhan, S. D.; Gallagher, D. L.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 92, Issue A3
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA092iA03p02385

An impenetrable barrier to ultrarelativistic electrons in the Van Allen radiation belts
journal, November 2014

  • Baker, D. N.; Jaynes, A. N.; Hoxie, V. C.
  • Nature, Vol. 515, Issue 7528
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature13956

Resonant scattering and resultant pitch angle evolution of relativistic electrons by plasmaspheric hiss: RELATIVISTIC ELECTRON SCATTERING BY HISS
journal, December 2013

  • Ni, Binbin; Bortnik, Jacob; Thorne, Richard M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 118, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013JA019260

Global morphology and spectral properties of EMIC waves derived from CRRES observations
journal, July 2014

  • Meredith, Nigel P.; Horne, Richard B.; Kersten, Tobias
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020064

EMIC waves and plasmaspheric and plume density: CRRES results
journal, March 2015

  • Halford, A. J.; Fraser, B. J.; Morley, S. K.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020338

Relativistic electron acceleration and decay time scales in the inner and outer radiation belts: SAMPEX
journal, March 1994

  • Baker, D. N.; Blake, J. B.; Callis, L. B.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 21, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1029/93GL03532

Energy-dependent dynamics of keV to MeV electrons in the inner zone, outer zone, and slot regions: ENERGY-DEPENDENT RADIATION BELT DYNAMICS
journal, January 2016

  • Reeves, Geoffrey D.; Friedel, Reiner H. W.; Larsen, Brian A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 121, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021569

Observation of relativistic electron precipitation during a rapid decrease of trapped relativistic electron flux
journal, January 2007

  • Millan, R. M.; Lin, R. P.; Smith, D. M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006GL028653

Estimating relativistic electron pitch angle scattering rates using properties of the electromagnetic ion cyclotron wave spectrum
journal, January 2006

  • Loto'aniu, T. M.; Thorne, R. M.; Fraser, B. J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue A4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005JA011452

Dependence of plasmaspheric hiss on solar wind parameters and geomagnetic activity and modeling of its global distribution: Hiss Modeling with Solar Wind
journal, February 2015

  • Kim, Kyung-Chan; Lee, Dae-Young; Shprits, Yuri
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020687

Storm time occurrence of relativistic electron microbursts in relation to the plasmapause: STORM TIME MICROBURSTS AND PLASMAPAUSE
journal, February 2010

  • Johnston, W. Robert; Anderson, Phillip C.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 115, Issue A2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JA014328

Equilibrium structure of radiation belt electrons
journal, May 1973

  • Lyons, Lawrence R.; Thorne, Richard Mansergh
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 78, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA078i013p02142

Fine structure of plasmaspheric hiss: SUMMERS ET AL.
journal, November 2014

  • Summers, Danny; Omura, Yoshiharu; Nakamura, Satoko
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014JA020437

Van Allen probes, NOAA, GOES, and ground observations of an intense EMIC wave event extending over 12 h in magnetic local time: EMIC WAVES AND THE RADIATION BELTS
journal, July 2015

  • Engebretson, M. J.; Posch, J. L.; Wygant, J. R.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021227

A study of the influence of magnetic activity on the location of the plasmapause as measured by OGO 5
journal, January 1970

  • Chappell, C. R.; Harris, K. K.; Sharp, G. W.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 75, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1029/JA075i001p00050

Resonant acceleration and diffusion of outer zone electrons in an asymmetric geomagnetic field
journal, January 2003


Van Allen Probes show that the inner radiation zone contains no MeV electrons: ECT/MagEIS data
journal, March 2015

  • Fennell, J. F.; Claudepierre, S. G.; Blake, J. B.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL062874

Multiple loss processes of relativistic electrons outside the heart of outer radiation belt during a storm sudden commencement: RELATIVISTIC ELECTRON LOSS DURING A SSC
journal, December 2015

  • Yu, J.; Li, L. Y.; Cao, J. B.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021460

Slot region electron loss timescales due to plasmaspheric hiss and lightning-generated whistlers: SLOT REGION ELECTRON LOSS TIMESCALES
journal, August 2007

  • Meredith, Nigel P.; Horne, Richard B.; Glauert, Sarah A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 112, Issue A8
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JA012413

On the storm-time evolution of relativistic electron phase space density in Earth's outer radiation belt: STORM-TIME EVOLUTION OF THE OUTER BELT
journal, May 2013

  • Turner, D. L.; Angelopoulos, V.; Li, W.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 118, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50151

Detached plasma regions in the magnetosphere
journal, May 1974


Parameterization of radiation belt electron loss timescales due to interactions with chorus waves
journal, January 2007

  • Shprits, Yuri Y.; Meredith, Nigel P.; Thorne, Richard M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1029/2006GL029050

Relativistic electron precipitation during magnetic storm main phase
journal, July 1971


Statistical analysis of relativistic electron energies for cyclotron resonance with EMIC waves observed on CRRES
journal, January 2003


Simulated magnetopause losses and Van Allen Probe flux dropouts
journal, February 2014

  • Hudson, M. K.; Baker, D. N.; Goldstein, J.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GL059222

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Relativistic electron precipitation during magnetic storm main phase
    journal, July 1971


    A new functional form to study the solar wind control of the magnetopause size and shape
    journal, May 1997

    • Shue, J. -H.; Chao, J. K.; Fu, H. C.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 102, Issue A5
    • DOI: 10.1029/97ja00196

    Outward radial diffusion driven by losses at magnetopause
    journal, January 2006

    • Shprits, Y. Y.; Thorne, R. M.; Friedel, R.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue A11
    • DOI: 10.1029/2006ja011657

    A background correction algorithm for Van Allen Probes MagEIS electron flux measurements: MAGEIS BACKGROUND CORRECTION ALGORITHM
    journal, July 2015

    • Claudepierre, S. G.; O'Brien, T. P.; Blake, J. B.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1002/2015ja021171

    A study of the influence of magnetic activity on the location of the plasmapause as measured by OGO 5
    journal, January 1970

    • Chappell, C. R.; Harris, K. K.; Sharp, G. W.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 75, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1029/ja075i001p00050

    Resonant acceleration and diffusion of outer zone electrons in an asymmetric geomagnetic field
    journal, January 2003


    Storm time occurrence of relativistic electron microbursts in relation to the plasmapause: STORM TIME MICROBURSTS AND PLASMAPAUSE
    journal, February 2010

    • Johnston, W. Robert; Anderson, Phillip C.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 115, Issue A2
    • DOI: 10.1029/2009ja014328

    Simulation of proton radiation belt formation during the March 24, 1991 SSC
    journal, February 1995

    • Hudson, M. K.; Kotelnikov, A. D.; Li, X.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 22, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1029/95gl00009

    Estimating relativistic electron pitch angle scattering rates using properties of the electromagnetic ion cyclotron wave spectrum
    journal, January 2006

    • Loto'aniu, T. M.; Thorne, R. M.; Fraser, B. J.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 111, Issue A4
    • DOI: 10.1029/2005ja011452

    Correlation between the inner edge of outer radiation belt electrons and the innermost plasmapause location
    journal, January 2006

    • Li, Xinlin; Baker, D. N.; O'Brien, T. P.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.1029/2006gl026294

    Quantifying hiss-driven energetic electron precipitation: A detailed conjunction event analysis
    journal, February 2014

    • Li, W.; Ni, B.; Thorne, R. M.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1002/2013gl059132

    Statistical analysis of relativistic electron energies for cyclotron resonance with EMIC waves observed on CRRES
    journal, January 2003


    Simulation of dispersionless injections and drift echoes of energetic electrons associated with substorms
    journal, October 1998

    • Li, Xinlin; Baker, D. N.; Temerin, M.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 25, Issue 20
    • DOI: 10.1029/1998gl900001

    Electron losses from the radiation belts caused by EMIC waves
    journal, November 2014

    • Kersten, Tobias; Horne, Richard B.; Glauert, Sarah A.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014ja020366

    Evolution of relativistic outer belt electrons during an extended quiescent period
    journal, December 2014

    • Jaynes, A. N.; Li, X.; Schiller, Q. G.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014ja020125

    Simulation of Van Allen Probes plasmapause encounters
    journal, September 2014

    • Goldstein, J.; Pascuale, S. De; Kletzing, C.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014ja020252

    Modeling inward diffusion and slow decay of energetic electrons in the Earth's outer radiation belt: Modeling gradual diffusion processes
    journal, February 2015

    • Ma, Q.; Li, W.; Thorne, R. M.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014gl062977

    Radiation Around the Earth to a Radial Distance of 107,400 km.
    journal, February 1959

    • Van Allen, James A.; Frank, Louis A.
    • Nature, Vol. 183, Issue 4659
    • DOI: 10.1038/183430a0

    The Electric and Magnetic Field Instrument Suite and Integrated Science (EMFISIS) on RBSP
    journal, June 2013


    Effect of spatial density variation and O+ concentration on the growth and evolution of electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves
    journal, October 2014

    • Denton, R. E.; Jordanova, V. K.; Fraser, B. J.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014ja020384

    The WIND magnetic field investigation
    journal, February 1995

    • Lepping, R. P.; Acũna, M. H.; Burlaga, L. F.
    • Space Science Reviews, Vol. 71, Issue 1-4
    • DOI: 10.1007/bf00751330

    In situ signatures of residual plasmaspheric plumes: Observations and simulation
    journal, June 2014

    • Goldstein, J.; Thomsen, M. F.; DeJong, A.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014ja019953

    Relativistic electron pitch-angle scattering by electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves during geomagnetic storms
    journal, January 2003


    On the storm-time evolution of relativistic electron phase space density in Earth's outer radiation belt: STORM-TIME EVOLUTION OF THE OUTER BELT
    journal, May 2013

    • Turner, D. L.; Angelopoulos, V.; Li, W.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 118, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1002/jgra.50151

    Relative concentration of He + in the inner magnetosphere as observed by the DE 1 retarding ion mass spectrometer
    journal, February 1997

    • Craven, P. D.; Gallagher, D. L.; Comfort, R. H.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 102, Issue A2
    • DOI: 10.1029/96ja02176

    Electron precipitation from EMIC waves: A case study from 31 May 2013: ELECTRON PRECIPITATION FROM EMIC-IPDP
    journal, May 2015

    • Clilverd, Mark A.; Duthie, Roger; Hardman, Rachael
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1002/2015ja021090

    Banded chorus-A new type of VLF radiation observed in the magnetosphere by OGO 1 and OGO 3
    journal, June 1969


    SWE, a comprehensive plasma instrument for the WIND spacecraft
    journal, February 1995

    • Ogilvie, K. W.; Chornay, D. J.; Fritzenreiter, R. J.
    • Space Science Reviews, Vol. 71, Issue 1-4
    • DOI: 10.1007/bf00751326

    Dynamic relationship between the outer radiation belt and the plasmapause during March–May 2001
    journal, January 2005


    A case study of electron precipitation fluxes due to plasmaspheric hiss
    journal, August 2015

    • Hardman, Rachael; Clilverd, Mark A.; Rodger, Craig J.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1002/2015ja021429

    Plasmaspheric hiss
    journal, April 1973

    • Thorne, Richard M.; Smith, Edward J.; Burton, Rande K.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 78, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1029/ja078i010p01581

    Pitch-angle diffusion of radiation belt electrons within the plasmasphere
    journal, July 1972

    • Lyons, Lawrence R.; Thorne, Richard Mansergh; Kennel, Charles F.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 77, Issue 19
    • DOI: 10.1029/ja077i019p03455

    X-ray observations of MeV electron precipitation with a balloon-borne germanium spectrometer: X-RAY OBSERVATIONS OF MEV ELECTRON PRECIPITATION
    journal, December 2002

    • Millan, R. M.; Lin, R. P.; Smith, D. M.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 24
    • DOI: 10.1029/2002gl015922

    Unusual stable trapping of the ultrarelativistic electrons in the Van Allen radiation belts
    journal, September 2013

    • Shprits, Yuri Y.; Subbotin, Dmitriy; Drozdov, Alexander
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2760

    High-resolution in situ observations of electron precipitation-causing EMIC waves: EMIC WAVES DRIVING PRECIPITATION
    journal, November 2015

    • Rodger, Craig J.; Hendry, Aaron T.; Clilverd, Mark A.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 22
    • DOI: 10.1002/2015gl066581

    Plasmasphere-ionosphere coupling: 2. Ion composition measurements at plasmaspheric and ionospheric altitudes and comparison with modeling results
    journal, January 1990

    • Horwitz, J. L.; Comfort, R. H.; Richards, P. G.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 95, Issue A6
    • DOI: 10.1029/ja095ia06p07949

    Is the plasmapause a preferred source region of electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves in the magnetosphere?
    journal, July 2001


    The unexpected origin of plasmaspheric hiss from discrete chorus emissions
    journal, March 2008

    • Bortnik, Jacob; Thorne, Richard M.; Meredith, Nigel P.
    • Nature, Vol. 452, Issue 7183
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature06741

    An extreme distortion of the Van Allen belt arising from the ‘Hallowe'en’ solar storm in 2003
    journal, December 2004


    An impenetrable barrier to ultrarelativistic electrons in the Van Allen radiation belts
    journal, November 2014

    • Baker, D. N.; Jaynes, A. N.; Hoxie, V. C.
    • Nature, Vol. 515, Issue 7528
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature13956

    Resonant scattering and resultant pitch angle evolution of relativistic electrons by plasmaspheric hiss: RELATIVISTIC ELECTRON SCATTERING BY HISS
    journal, December 2013

    • Ni, Binbin; Bortnik, Jacob; Thorne, Richard M.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 118, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1002/2013ja019260

    Statistical characteristics of EMIC waves: Van Allen Probe observations
    journal, June 2015

    • Wang, Dedong; Yuan, Zhigang; Yu, Xiongdong
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1002/2015ja021089

    Global morphology and spectral properties of EMIC waves derived from CRRES observations
    journal, July 2014

    • Meredith, Nigel P.; Horne, Richard B.; Kersten, Tobias
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014ja020064

    Observation of relativistic electron precipitation during a rapid decrease of trapped relativistic electron flux
    journal, January 2007

    • Millan, R. M.; Lin, R. P.; Smith, D. M.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1029/2006gl028653

    On the cause and extent of outer radiation belt losses during the 30 September 2012 dropout event: Effective ranges of outer belt dropouts
    journal, March 2014

    • Turner, D. L.; Angelopoulos, V.; Morley, S. K.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1002/2013ja019446

    A Long-Lived Relativistic Electron Storage Ring Embedded in Earth's Outer Van Allen Belt
    journal, February 2013


    Storm time observations of electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves at geosynchronous orbit: GOES results: EMIC WAVES AND STORMS, GOES RESULTS
    journal, May 2010

    • Fraser, B. J.; Grew, R. S.; Morley, S. K.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 115, Issue A5
    • DOI: 10.1029/2009ja014516

    Van Allen probes, NOAA, GOES, and ground observations of an intense EMIC wave event extending over 12 h in magnetic local time: EMIC WAVES AND THE RADIATION BELTS
    journal, July 2015

    • Engebretson, M. J.; Posch, J. L.; Wygant, J. R.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1002/2015ja021227

    The morphology of the bulge region of the plasmasphere
    journal, July 1970

    • Chappell, C. R.; Harris, K. K.; Sharp, G. W.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 75, Issue 19
    • DOI: 10.1029/ja075i019p03848

    Energetic, relativistic, and ultrarelativistic electrons: Comparison of long-term VERB code simulations with Van Allen Probes measurements: LONG-TERM VERB CODE SIMULATIONS
    journal, May 2015

    • Drozdov, A. Y.; Shprits, Y. Y.; Orlova, K. G.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014ja020637

    Statistically measuring the amount of pitch angle scattering that energetic electrons undergo as they drift across the plasmaspheric drainage plume at geosynchronous orbit: Pitch-Angle Scattering in the Plume
    journal, March 2014

    • Borovsky, Joseph E.; Friedel, Reiner H. W.; Denton, Michael H.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1002/2013ja019310

    Slot region electron loss timescales due to plasmaspheric hiss and lightning-generated whistlers: SLOT REGION ELECTRON LOSS TIMESCALES
    journal, August 2007

    • Meredith, Nigel P.; Horne, Richard B.; Glauert, Sarah A.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 112, Issue A8
    • DOI: 10.1029/2007ja012413

    A summary of the BARREL campaigns: Technique for studying electron precipitation
    journal, June 2015

    • Woodger, L. A.; Halford, A. J.; Millan, R. M.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014ja020874

    Multiple loss processes of relativistic electrons outside the heart of outer radiation belt during a storm sudden commencement: RELATIVISTIC ELECTRON LOSS DURING A SSC
    journal, December 2015

    • Yu, J.; Li, L. Y.; Cao, J. B.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1002/2015ja021460

    Substorm dependence of chorus amplitudes: Implications for the acceleration of electrons to relativistic energies
    journal, July 2001

    • Meredith, Nigel P.; Horne, Richard B.; Anderson, Roger R.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 106, Issue A7
    • DOI: 10.1029/2000ja900156

    Observations of noise bands associated with the upper hybrid resonance by the Imp 6 Radio Astronomy Experiment
    journal, April 1973

    • Mosier, Stephen R.; Kaiser, Michael L.; Brown, Larry W.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 78, Issue 10
    • DOI: 10.1029/ja078i010p01673

    Global storm time depletion of the outer electron belt
    journal, April 2015

    • Ukhorskiy, A. Y.; Sitnov, M. I.; Millan, R. M.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014ja020645

    Electron acceleration in the Van Allen radiation belts by fast magnetosonic waves
    journal, January 2007

    • Horne, Richard B.; Thorne, Richard M.; Glauert, Sarah A.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 17
    • DOI: 10.1029/2007gl030267

    EMIC wave activity during geomagnetic storm and nonstorm periods: CRRES results: EMIC DURING CRRES STORMS
    journal, December 2010

    • Halford, A. J.; Fraser, B. J.; Morley, S. K.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 115, Issue A12
    • DOI: 10.1029/2010ja015716

    Energy-dependent dynamics of keV to MeV electrons in the inner zone, outer zone, and slot regions: ENERGY-DEPENDENT RADIATION BELT DYNAMICS
    journal, January 2016

    • Reeves, Geoffrey D.; Friedel, Reiner H. W.; Larsen, Brian A.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 121, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1002/2015ja021569

    Simulated magnetopause losses and Van Allen Probe flux dropouts
    journal, February 2014

    • Hudson, M. K.; Baker, D. N.; Goldstein, J.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 41, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014gl059222

    Magnetospheric chorus emissions: A review
    journal, May 1992


    Parameterization of radiation belt electron loss timescales due to interactions with chorus waves
    journal, January 2007

    • Shprits, Yuri Y.; Meredith, Nigel P.; Thorne, Richard M.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1029/2006gl029050

    In situ observations of EMIC waves in O + band by the Van Allen Probe A
    journal, March 2015

    • Yu, Xiongdong; Yuan, Zhigang; Wang, Dedong
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1002/2015gl063250

    Upper limit on the inner radiation belt MeV electron intensity
    journal, February 2015

    • Li, X.; Selesnick, R. S.; Baker, D. N.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014ja020777

    Science Objectives and Rationale for the Radiation Belt Storm Probes Mission
    journal, September 2012


    Coupled response of the inner magnetosphere and ionosphere on 17 April 2002
    journal, January 2005


    Equilibrium structure of radiation belt electrons
    journal, May 1973

    • Lyons, Lawrence R.; Thorne, Richard Mansergh
    • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 78, Issue 13
    • DOI: 10.1029/ja078i013p02142

    Relativistic electron acceleration and decay time scales in the inner and outer radiation belts: SAMPEX
    journal, March 1994

    • Baker, D. N.; Blake, J. B.; Callis, L. B.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 21, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1029/93gl03532

    Van Allen Probes show that the inner radiation zone contains no MeV electrons: ECT/MagEIS data
    journal, March 2015

    • Fennell, J. F.; Claudepierre, S. G.; Blake, J. B.
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014gl062874

    Substorm dependence of plasmaspheric hiss
    journal, January 2004


    Precipitation of relativistic electrons by interaction with electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves
    journal, March 2000

    • Lorentzen, K. R.; McCarthy, M. P.; Parks, G. K.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 105, Issue A3
    • DOI: 10.1029/1999ja000283

    Fine structure of plasmaspheric hiss: SUMMERS ET AL.
    journal, November 2014

    • Summers, Danny; Omura, Yoshiharu; Nakamura, Satoko
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 119, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014ja020437

    Propagation of electromagnetic ion cyclotron wave energy in the magnetosphere
    journal, January 2005


    Timescale for radiation belt electron acceleration by whistler mode chorus waves
    journal, January 2005


    Magnetospheric model of subauroral polarization stream: MAGNETOSPHERIC SAPS MODEL
    journal, September 2005

    • Goldstein, J.; Burch, J. L.; Sandel, B. R.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 110, Issue A9
    • DOI: 10.1029/2005ja011135

    Dependence of plasmaspheric hiss on solar wind parameters and geomagnetic activity and modeling of its global distribution: Hiss Modeling with Solar Wind
    journal, February 2015

    • Kim, Kyung-Chan; Lee, Dae-Young; Shprits, Yuri
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014ja020687

    Plasma observations at the Earth's magnetic equator
    journal, January 1987

    • Olsen, R. C.; Shawhan, S. D.; Gallagher, D. L.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 92, Issue A3
    • DOI: 10.1029/ja092ia03p02385

    Detached plasma regions in the magnetosphere
    journal, May 1974


    Global empirical models of plasmaspheric hiss using Van Allen Probes: HISS MODEL
    journal, December 2015

    • Spasojevic, M.; Shprits, Y. Y.; Orlova, K.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1002/2015ja021803

    Global-scale coherence modulation of radiation-belt electron loss from plasmaspheric hiss
    journal, June 2015

    • Breneman, A. W.; Halford, A.; Millan, R.
    • Nature, Vol. 523, Issue 7559
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature14515

    EMIC waves and plasmaspheric and plume density: CRRES results
    journal, March 2015

    • Halford, A. J.; Fraser, B. J.; Morley, S. K.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 120, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1002/2014ja020338

    Simulations of Van Allen Probes Plasmaspheric Electron Density Observations
    journal, November 2018

    • De Pascuale, S.; Jordanova, V. K.; Goldstein, J.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 123, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1029/2018ja025776

    Solar Rotation Period Driven Modulations of Plasmaspheric Density and Convective Electric Field in the Inner Magnetosphere
    journal, March 2019

    • Thaller, S. A.; Wygant, J. R.; Cattell, C. A.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 124, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1029/2018ja026365

    Impact of Significant Time‐Integrated Geomagnetic Activity on 2‐MeV Electron Flux
    journal, June 2019

    • Mourenas, D.; Artemyev, A. V.; Zhang, X. ‐J.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 124, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1029/2019ja026659

    How Sudden, Intense Energetic Electron Enhancements Correlate With the Innermost Plasmapause Locations Under Various Solar Wind Drivers and Geomagnetic Conditions
    journal, November 2019

    • Khoo, L. ‐Y.; Li, X.; Zhao, H.
    • Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, Vol. 124, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1029/2019ja027412