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Title: An RF-only ion-funnel for extraction from high-pressure gases

Abstract

An RF ion-funnel technique has been developed to extract ions from a high-pressure (10 bar) noble-gas environment into a vacuum (10 -6 mbar). Detailed simulations have been performed and a prototype has been developed for the purpose of extracting 136Ba ions from Xe gas with high efficiency. With this prototype, ions have been extracted for the first time from high-pressure xenon gas and argon gas. Systematic studies have been carried out and compared to simulations. This demonstration of extraction of ions, with mass comparable to that of the gas generating the high-pressure, has applications to Ba tagging from a Xe-gas time-projection chamber for double-beta decay, as well as to the general problem of recovering trace amounts of an ionized element in a heavy (m > 40 u) carrier gas.

Authors:
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  1. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  2. Inst. for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russia); Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research in Europe (FAIR GmbH), Darmstadt (Germany)
  3. TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada)
  4. Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Carleton Univ., Ottawa, ON (Canada). Dept. of Physics
  5. Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States). Physics Dept.
  6. Indiana Univ., Bloomington, IN (United States). Physics Dept. and CEEM
  7. Univ. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  8. Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States). Triangle Universities Nuclear Lab. (TUNL), Dept. of Physics
  9. Univ. of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics
  10. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  11. Inst. of High Energy Physics, Beijing (China)
  12. Laurentian Univ., Sudbury, ON (Canad). Dept. of Physics
  13. Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  14. Carleton Univ., Ottawa, ON (Canada). Dept. of Physics
  15. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  16. Technische Univ. Munchen, Garching (Germany). Dept. Physik
  17. Univ. of Bern, Bern (Switzerland). LHEP, Albert Einstein Center
  18. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  19. Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States). Amherst Center for Fundamental Interactions and Physics Dept.
  20. Inst. for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russia)
  21. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  22. Univ. of Seoul, Seoul (Republic of Korea). Dept. of Physics
  23. Univ. of South Dakota, Vermillion, SD (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Science Foundation (NSF); Russian Federation
OSTI Identifier:
1325463
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; PHY-0918469; RFBR 14-22-03028
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 379; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1387-3806
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; RF-funnel; Gas dynamic and ion trajectory; simulations; Gas jet; Xe-136 double-beta decay; Ba tagging; Ion transport

Citation Formats

Brunner, T., Fudenberg, D., Varentsov, V., Sabourov, A., Gratta, G., Dilling, J., DeVoe, R., Sinclair, D., Fairbank, W., Albert, J. B., Auty, D. J., Barbeau, P. S., Beck, D., Benitez-Medina, C., Breidenbach, M., Cao, G. F., Chambers, C., Cleveland, B., Coon, M., Craycraft, A., Daniels, T., Daugherty, S. J., Didberidze, T., Dolinski, M. J., Dunford, M., Fabris, L., Farine, J., Feldmeier, W., Fierlinger, P., Gornea, R., Graham, K., Heffner, M., Hughes, M., Jewell, M., Jiang, X. S., Johnson, T. N., Johnston, S., Karelin, A., Kaufman, L. J., Killick, R., Koffas, T., Kravitz, S., Krücken, R., Kuchenkov, A., Kumar, K. S., Leonard, D. S., Leonard, F., Licciardi, C., Lin, Y. H., Ling, J., MacLellan, R., Marino, M. G., Mong, B., Moore, D., Odian, A., Ostrovskiy, I., Ouellet, C., Piepke, A., Pocar, A., Retiere, F., Rowson, P. C., Rozo, M. P., Schubert, A., Smith, E., Stekhanov, V., Tarka, M., Tolba, T., Tosi, D., Twelker, K., Vuilleumier, J. -L., Walton, J., Walton, T., Weber, M., Wen, L. J., Wichoski, U., Yang, L., and Yen, Y. -R. An RF-only ion-funnel for extraction from high-pressure gases. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1016/j.ijms.2015.01.003.
Brunner, T., Fudenberg, D., Varentsov, V., Sabourov, A., Gratta, G., Dilling, J., DeVoe, R., Sinclair, D., Fairbank, W., Albert, J. B., Auty, D. J., Barbeau, P. S., Beck, D., Benitez-Medina, C., Breidenbach, M., Cao, G. F., Chambers, C., Cleveland, B., Coon, M., Craycraft, A., Daniels, T., Daugherty, S. J., Didberidze, T., Dolinski, M. J., Dunford, M., Fabris, L., Farine, J., Feldmeier, W., Fierlinger, P., Gornea, R., Graham, K., Heffner, M., Hughes, M., Jewell, M., Jiang, X. S., Johnson, T. N., Johnston, S., Karelin, A., Kaufman, L. J., Killick, R., Koffas, T., Kravitz, S., Krücken, R., Kuchenkov, A., Kumar, K. S., Leonard, D. S., Leonard, F., Licciardi, C., Lin, Y. H., Ling, J., MacLellan, R., Marino, M. G., Mong, B., Moore, D., Odian, A., Ostrovskiy, I., Ouellet, C., Piepke, A., Pocar, A., Retiere, F., Rowson, P. C., Rozo, M. P., Schubert, A., Smith, E., Stekhanov, V., Tarka, M., Tolba, T., Tosi, D., Twelker, K., Vuilleumier, J. -L., Walton, J., Walton, T., Weber, M., Wen, L. J., Wichoski, U., Yang, L., & Yen, Y. -R. An RF-only ion-funnel for extraction from high-pressure gases. United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijms.2015.01.003.
Brunner, T., Fudenberg, D., Varentsov, V., Sabourov, A., Gratta, G., Dilling, J., DeVoe, R., Sinclair, D., Fairbank, W., Albert, J. B., Auty, D. J., Barbeau, P. S., Beck, D., Benitez-Medina, C., Breidenbach, M., Cao, G. F., Chambers, C., Cleveland, B., Coon, M., Craycraft, A., Daniels, T., Daugherty, S. J., Didberidze, T., Dolinski, M. J., Dunford, M., Fabris, L., Farine, J., Feldmeier, W., Fierlinger, P., Gornea, R., Graham, K., Heffner, M., Hughes, M., Jewell, M., Jiang, X. S., Johnson, T. N., Johnston, S., Karelin, A., Kaufman, L. J., Killick, R., Koffas, T., Kravitz, S., Krücken, R., Kuchenkov, A., Kumar, K. S., Leonard, D. S., Leonard, F., Licciardi, C., Lin, Y. H., Ling, J., MacLellan, R., Marino, M. G., Mong, B., Moore, D., Odian, A., Ostrovskiy, I., Ouellet, C., Piepke, A., Pocar, A., Retiere, F., Rowson, P. C., Rozo, M. P., Schubert, A., Smith, E., Stekhanov, V., Tarka, M., Tolba, T., Tosi, D., Twelker, K., Vuilleumier, J. -L., Walton, J., Walton, T., Weber, M., Wen, L. J., Wichoski, U., Yang, L., and Yen, Y. -R. Tue . "An RF-only ion-funnel for extraction from high-pressure gases". United States. doi:10.1016/j.ijms.2015.01.003. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1325463.
@article{osti_1325463,
title = {An RF-only ion-funnel for extraction from high-pressure gases},
author = {Brunner, T. and Fudenberg, D. and Varentsov, V. and Sabourov, A. and Gratta, G. and Dilling, J. and DeVoe, R. and Sinclair, D. and Fairbank, W. and Albert, J. B. and Auty, D. J. and Barbeau, P. S. and Beck, D. and Benitez-Medina, C. and Breidenbach, M. and Cao, G. F. and Chambers, C. and Cleveland, B. and Coon, M. and Craycraft, A. and Daniels, T. and Daugherty, S. J. and Didberidze, T. and Dolinski, M. J. and Dunford, M. and Fabris, L. and Farine, J. and Feldmeier, W. and Fierlinger, P. and Gornea, R. and Graham, K. and Heffner, M. and Hughes, M. and Jewell, M. and Jiang, X. S. and Johnson, T. N. and Johnston, S. and Karelin, A. and Kaufman, L. J. and Killick, R. and Koffas, T. and Kravitz, S. and Krücken, R. and Kuchenkov, A. and Kumar, K. S. and Leonard, D. S. and Leonard, F. and Licciardi, C. and Lin, Y. H. and Ling, J. and MacLellan, R. and Marino, M. G. and Mong, B. and Moore, D. and Odian, A. and Ostrovskiy, I. and Ouellet, C. and Piepke, A. and Pocar, A. and Retiere, F. and Rowson, P. C. and Rozo, M. P. and Schubert, A. and Smith, E. and Stekhanov, V. and Tarka, M. and Tolba, T. and Tosi, D. and Twelker, K. and Vuilleumier, J. -L. and Walton, J. and Walton, T. and Weber, M. and Wen, L. J. and Wichoski, U. and Yang, L. and Yen, Y. -R.},
abstractNote = {An RF ion-funnel technique has been developed to extract ions from a high-pressure (10 bar) noble-gas environment into a vacuum (10-6 mbar). Detailed simulations have been performed and a prototype has been developed for the purpose of extracting 136Ba ions from Xe gas with high efficiency. With this prototype, ions have been extracted for the first time from high-pressure xenon gas and argon gas. Systematic studies have been carried out and compared to simulations. This demonstration of extraction of ions, with mass comparable to that of the gas generating the high-pressure, has applications to Ba tagging from a Xe-gas time-projection chamber for double-beta decay, as well as to the general problem of recovering trace amounts of an ionized element in a heavy (m > 40 u) carrier gas.},
doi = {10.1016/j.ijms.2015.01.003},
journal = {International Journal of Mass Spectrometry},
number = C,
volume = 379,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {1}
}

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