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Title: Direct imaging of an asymmetric debris disk in the HD 106906 planetary system

Abstract

Here, we present the first scattered light detections of the HD 106906 debris disk using the Gemini/Gemini Planet Imager in the infrared and Hubble Space Telescope (HST)/Advanced Camera for Surveys in the optical. HD 106906 is a 13 Myr old F5V star in the Sco–Cen association, with a previously detected planet-mass candidate HD 106906b projected 650 AU from the host star. Our observations reveal a near edge-on debris disk that has a central cleared region with radius ~50 AU, and an outer extent >500 AU. The HST data show that the outer regions are highly asymmetric, resembling the "needle" morphology seen for the HD 15115 debris disk. The planet candidate is oriented ~21° away from the position angle of the primary's debris disk, strongly suggesting non-coplanarity with the system. We hypothesize that HD 106906b could be dynamically involved in the perturbation of the primary's disk, and investigate whether or not there is evidence for a circumplanetary dust disk or cloud that is either primordial or captured from the primary. In conclusion, we show that both the existing optical properties and near-infrared colors of HD 106906b are weakly consistent with this possibility, motivating future work to test for the observational signaturesmore » of dust surrounding the planet.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10];  [9];  [3];  [1];  [10];  [9];  [9] more »;  [11];  [6];  [12];  [13];  [7];  [14];  [15];  [14];  [16];  [6];  [17];  [18];  [10];  [6];  [5];  [3];  [19];  [20];  [21];  [22];  [23];  [5];  [5];  [14];  [7];  [9];  [24];  [25];  [5];  [5];  [13];  [17];  [26];  [2];  [27];  [28] « less
  1. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
  3. Univ. of Toronto, Toronto, ON (Canada)
  4. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble (France); CNRS, IPAG, Grenoble (France)
  5. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD (United States)
  6. Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)
  7. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  8. Univ. of California, Santa Barbara, CA (United States)
  9. National Research Council of Canada Herzberg, Victoria, BC (Canada)
  10. Univ. de Montreal, Montreal, QC (Canada)
  11. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  12. National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Hilo, HI (United States)
  13. The Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States)
  14. Gemini Observatory, La Serena (Chile)
  15. Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)
  16. Univ. of Exeter, Exeter (United Kingdom)
  17. AURA/LSST, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  18. Univ. of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  19. SETI Institute, Mountain View, CA (United States)
  20. Univ. of Western Ontario, London, ON (Canada); Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  21. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  22. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SETI Institute, Mountain View, CA (United States)
  23. American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY (United States)
  24. Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
  25. Univ. of Toledo, Toledo, OH (United States)
  26. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  27. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
  28. Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD (United States); Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1324518
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-678586
Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 814; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; circumstellar matter; infrared: stars; stars: individual (HD 106906); techniques: high angular resolution

Citation Formats

Kalas, Paul G., Rajan, Abhijith, Wang, Jason J., Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A., Duchene, Gaspard, Chen, Christine, Fitzgerald, Michael P., Dong, Ruobing, Graham, James R., Patience, Jennifer, Macintosh, Bruce, Murray-Clay, Ruth, Matthews, Brenda, Rameau, Julien, Marois, Christian, Chilcote, Jeffrey, De Rosa, Robert J., Doyon, René, Draper, Zachary H., Lawler, Samantha, Ammons, S. Mark, Arriaga, Pauline, Bulger, Joanna, Cotten, Tara, Follette, Katherine B., Goodsell, Stephen, Greenbaum, Alexandra, Hibon, Pascale, Hinkley, Sasha, Hung, Li -Wei, Ingraham, Patrick, Konapacky, Quinn, Lafreniere, David, Larkin, James E., Long, Douglas, Maire, Jérôme, Marchis, Franck, Metchev, Stan, Morzinski, Katie M., Nielsen, Eric L., Oppenheimer, Rebecca, Perrin, Marshall D., Pueyo, Laurent, Rantakyrö, Fredrik T., Ruffio, Jean -Baptiste, Saddlemyer, Leslie, Savransky, Dmitry, Schneider, Adam C., Sivaramakrishnan, Anand, Soummer, Rémi, Song, Inseok, Thomas, Sandrine, Vasisht, Gautam, Ward-Duong, Kimberly, Wiktorowicz, Sloane J., and Wolff, Schuyler G. Direct imaging of an asymmetric debris disk in the HD 106906 planetary system. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/814/1/32.
Kalas, Paul G., Rajan, Abhijith, Wang, Jason J., Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A., Duchene, Gaspard, Chen, Christine, Fitzgerald, Michael P., Dong, Ruobing, Graham, James R., Patience, Jennifer, Macintosh, Bruce, Murray-Clay, Ruth, Matthews, Brenda, Rameau, Julien, Marois, Christian, Chilcote, Jeffrey, De Rosa, Robert J., Doyon, René, Draper, Zachary H., Lawler, Samantha, Ammons, S. Mark, Arriaga, Pauline, Bulger, Joanna, Cotten, Tara, Follette, Katherine B., Goodsell, Stephen, Greenbaum, Alexandra, Hibon, Pascale, Hinkley, Sasha, Hung, Li -Wei, Ingraham, Patrick, Konapacky, Quinn, Lafreniere, David, Larkin, James E., Long, Douglas, Maire, Jérôme, Marchis, Franck, Metchev, Stan, Morzinski, Katie M., Nielsen, Eric L., Oppenheimer, Rebecca, Perrin, Marshall D., Pueyo, Laurent, Rantakyrö, Fredrik T., Ruffio, Jean -Baptiste, Saddlemyer, Leslie, Savransky, Dmitry, Schneider, Adam C., Sivaramakrishnan, Anand, Soummer, Rémi, Song, Inseok, Thomas, Sandrine, Vasisht, Gautam, Ward-Duong, Kimberly, Wiktorowicz, Sloane J., & Wolff, Schuyler G. Direct imaging of an asymmetric debris disk in the HD 106906 planetary system. United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/814/1/32.
Kalas, Paul G., Rajan, Abhijith, Wang, Jason J., Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A., Duchene, Gaspard, Chen, Christine, Fitzgerald, Michael P., Dong, Ruobing, Graham, James R., Patience, Jennifer, Macintosh, Bruce, Murray-Clay, Ruth, Matthews, Brenda, Rameau, Julien, Marois, Christian, Chilcote, Jeffrey, De Rosa, Robert J., Doyon, René, Draper, Zachary H., Lawler, Samantha, Ammons, S. Mark, Arriaga, Pauline, Bulger, Joanna, Cotten, Tara, Follette, Katherine B., Goodsell, Stephen, Greenbaum, Alexandra, Hibon, Pascale, Hinkley, Sasha, Hung, Li -Wei, Ingraham, Patrick, Konapacky, Quinn, Lafreniere, David, Larkin, James E., Long, Douglas, Maire, Jérôme, Marchis, Franck, Metchev, Stan, Morzinski, Katie M., Nielsen, Eric L., Oppenheimer, Rebecca, Perrin, Marshall D., Pueyo, Laurent, Rantakyrö, Fredrik T., Ruffio, Jean -Baptiste, Saddlemyer, Leslie, Savransky, Dmitry, Schneider, Adam C., Sivaramakrishnan, Anand, Soummer, Rémi, Song, Inseok, Thomas, Sandrine, Vasisht, Gautam, Ward-Duong, Kimberly, Wiktorowicz, Sloane J., and Wolff, Schuyler G. Fri . "Direct imaging of an asymmetric debris disk in the HD 106906 planetary system". United States. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/814/1/32. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1324518.
@article{osti_1324518,
title = {Direct imaging of an asymmetric debris disk in the HD 106906 planetary system},
author = {Kalas, Paul G. and Rajan, Abhijith and Wang, Jason J. and Millar-Blanchaer, Maxwell A. and Duchene, Gaspard and Chen, Christine and Fitzgerald, Michael P. and Dong, Ruobing and Graham, James R. and Patience, Jennifer and Macintosh, Bruce and Murray-Clay, Ruth and Matthews, Brenda and Rameau, Julien and Marois, Christian and Chilcote, Jeffrey and De Rosa, Robert J. and Doyon, René and Draper, Zachary H. and Lawler, Samantha and Ammons, S. Mark and Arriaga, Pauline and Bulger, Joanna and Cotten, Tara and Follette, Katherine B. and Goodsell, Stephen and Greenbaum, Alexandra and Hibon, Pascale and Hinkley, Sasha and Hung, Li -Wei and Ingraham, Patrick and Konapacky, Quinn and Lafreniere, David and Larkin, James E. and Long, Douglas and Maire, Jérôme and Marchis, Franck and Metchev, Stan and Morzinski, Katie M. and Nielsen, Eric L. and Oppenheimer, Rebecca and Perrin, Marshall D. and Pueyo, Laurent and Rantakyrö, Fredrik T. and Ruffio, Jean -Baptiste and Saddlemyer, Leslie and Savransky, Dmitry and Schneider, Adam C. and Sivaramakrishnan, Anand and Soummer, Rémi and Song, Inseok and Thomas, Sandrine and Vasisht, Gautam and Ward-Duong, Kimberly and Wiktorowicz, Sloane J. and Wolff, Schuyler G.},
abstractNote = {Here, we present the first scattered light detections of the HD 106906 debris disk using the Gemini/Gemini Planet Imager in the infrared and Hubble Space Telescope (HST)/Advanced Camera for Surveys in the optical. HD 106906 is a 13 Myr old F5V star in the Sco–Cen association, with a previously detected planet-mass candidate HD 106906b projected 650 AU from the host star. Our observations reveal a near edge-on debris disk that has a central cleared region with radius ~50 AU, and an outer extent >500 AU. The HST data show that the outer regions are highly asymmetric, resembling the "needle" morphology seen for the HD 15115 debris disk. The planet candidate is oriented ~21° away from the position angle of the primary's debris disk, strongly suggesting non-coplanarity with the system. We hypothesize that HD 106906b could be dynamically involved in the perturbation of the primary's disk, and investigate whether or not there is evidence for a circumplanetary dust disk or cloud that is either primordial or captured from the primary. In conclusion, we show that both the existing optical properties and near-infrared colors of HD 106906b are weakly consistent with this possibility, motivating future work to test for the observational signatures of dust surrounding the planet.},
doi = {10.1088/0004-637X/814/1/32},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 814,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {11}
}

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    journal, August 2016


    Characterizing 51 Eri b from 1 to 5 μ m: A Partly Cloudy Exoplanet
    journal, June 2017

    • Rajan, Abhijith; Rameau, Julien; Rosa, Robert J. De
    • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 154, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-3881/aa74db

    A Direct Imaging Survey of Spitzer -detected Debris Disks: Occurrence of Giant Planets in Dusty Systems
    journal, November 2017

    • Meshkat, Tiffany; Mawet, Dimitri; Bryan, Marta L.
    • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 154, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-3881/aa8e9a

    A Near-coplanar Stellar Flyby of the Planet Host Star HD 106906
    journal, February 2019


    First Resolved Scattered-light Images of Four Debris Disks in Scorpius-Centaurus with the Gemini Planet Imager
    journal, January 2020

    • Hom, Justin; Patience, Jennifer; Esposito, Thomas M.
    • The Astronomical Journal, Vol. 159, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-3881/ab5af2

    The Degree of Alignment between Circumbinary Disks and Their Binary Hosts
    journal, September 2019

    • Czekala, Ian; Chiang, Eugene; Andrews, Sean M.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 883, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab287b

    An Exo–Kuiper Belt with an Extended Halo around HD 191089 in Scattered Light
    journal, September 2019

    • Ren, Bin; Choquet, Élodie; Perrin, Marshall D.
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 882, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/1538-4357/ab3403

    The First Scattered-light Image of the Debris Disk around the Sco–Cen Target HD 129590
    journal, June 2017

    • Matthews, Elisabeth; Hinkley, Sasha; Vigan, Arthur
    • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 843, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa7943