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Title: Exposures of tungsten nanostructures to divertor plasmas in DIII-D

Tungsten nanostructures (W-fuzz) prepared in the PISCES-A linear device have been found to survive direct exposure to divertor plasmas in DIII-D. W-fuzz was exposed in the lower divertor of DIII-D using the divertor material evaluation system. Two samples were exposed in lower single null (LSN) deuterium H-mode plasmas. The first sample was exposed in three discharges terminated by vertical displacement event disruptions, and the second in two discharges near the lowered X-point. More recently, three samples were exposed near the lower outer strike point in predominantly helium H-mode LSN plasmas. In all cases, the W-fuzz survived plasma exposure with little obvious damage except in the areas where unipolar arcing occurred. In conclusion, arcing is effective in W-fuzz removal, and it appears that surfaces covered with W-fuzz can be more prone to arcing than smooth W surfaces.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [6] ;  [6] ;  [6] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [7]
  1. Univ. of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  3. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  4. Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  5. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  6. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  7. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC04-94AL85000; AC05-06OR23100; AC52-07NA27344; FC02-04ER54698; FG02-07ER54917; SC0002060
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physica Scripta
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: T167; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-8949
IOP Publishing
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Orgs:
University of California San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0417 USA MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Ctr, 77 Massachusetts Ave.,Cambridge, MA 02139 USA Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Oak Ridge, TN 37830, USA Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37830, USA Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 7000 East Avenue, Livermore, CA 94550, USA Sandia National Laboratory, PO Box 969, Livermore, CA 94551-0969 USA
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; tungsten; W-fuzz; DiMES; divertor; DIII-D
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1235510; OSTI ID: 1369219