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Title: Adsorption of iodine on hydrogen-reduced silver-exchanged mordenite: Experiments and modeling

Abstract

The adsorption process of iodine, a major volatile radionuclide in the off-gas streams of spent nuclear fuel reprocessing, on hydrogen-reduced silver-exchanged mordenite (Ag0Z) was studied at the micro-scale. The gas-solid mass transfer and reaction involved in the adsorption process were investigated and evaluated with appropriate models. Optimal conditions for reducing the silver-exchanged mordenite (AgZ) in a hydrogen stream were determined. Kinetic and equilibrium data of iodine adsorption on Ag0Z were obtained by performing single-layer adsorption experiments with experimental systems of high precision at 373–473 K over various iodine concentrations. Results indicate approximately 91% to 97% of the iodine adsorption was through the silver-iodine reaction. The effect of temperature on the iodine loading capacity of Ag0Z was discussed. In conclusion, the Shrinking Core model describes the data well, and the primary rate controlling mechanisms were macro-pore diffusion and silver-iodine reaction. © 2016 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2016

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Syracuse Univ., Syracuse, NY (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Work for Others (WFO); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1324201
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
AIChE Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: AIChE Journal; Journal ID: ISSN 0001-1541
Publisher:
American Institute of Chemical Engineers
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Nan, Yue, Tavlarides, Lawrence L., and DePaoli, David W. Adsorption of iodine on hydrogen-reduced silver-exchanged mordenite: Experiments and modeling. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1002/aic.15432.
Nan, Yue, Tavlarides, Lawrence L., & DePaoli, David W. Adsorption of iodine on hydrogen-reduced silver-exchanged mordenite: Experiments and modeling. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.15432
Nan, Yue, Tavlarides, Lawrence L., and DePaoli, David W. Wed . "Adsorption of iodine on hydrogen-reduced silver-exchanged mordenite: Experiments and modeling". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/aic.15432. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1324201.
@article{osti_1324201,
title = {Adsorption of iodine on hydrogen-reduced silver-exchanged mordenite: Experiments and modeling},
author = {Nan, Yue and Tavlarides, Lawrence L. and DePaoli, David W.},
abstractNote = {The adsorption process of iodine, a major volatile radionuclide in the off-gas streams of spent nuclear fuel reprocessing, on hydrogen-reduced silver-exchanged mordenite (Ag0Z) was studied at the micro-scale. The gas-solid mass transfer and reaction involved in the adsorption process were investigated and evaluated with appropriate models. Optimal conditions for reducing the silver-exchanged mordenite (AgZ) in a hydrogen stream were determined. Kinetic and equilibrium data of iodine adsorption on Ag0Z were obtained by performing single-layer adsorption experiments with experimental systems of high precision at 373–473 K over various iodine concentrations. Results indicate approximately 91% to 97% of the iodine adsorption was through the silver-iodine reaction. The effect of temperature on the iodine loading capacity of Ag0Z was discussed. In conclusion, the Shrinking Core model describes the data well, and the primary rate controlling mechanisms were macro-pore diffusion and silver-iodine reaction. © 2016 American Institute of Chemical Engineers AIChE J, 2016},
doi = {10.1002/aic.15432},
journal = {AIChE Journal},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {8}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Porous sorbents for the capture of radioactive iodine compounds: a review
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    Multicomponent adsorption isotherm modeling using thermodynamically inconsistent and consistent models
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