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Title: Transverse energy production and charged-particle multiplicity at midrapidity in various systems from s N N = 7.7 to 200 GeV

Abstract

Measurements of midrapidity charged-particle multiplicity distributions, dN ch/dη, and midrapidity transverse-energy distributions, dE T/dη, are presented for a variety of collision systems and energies. Included are distributions for Au+Au collisions at √s NN=200, 130, 62.4, 39, 27, 19.6, 14.5, and 7.7 GeV, Cu+Cu collisions at √s NN=200 and 62.4 GeV, Cu+Au collisions at √s NN=200 GeV, U+U collisions at√s NN=193 GeV, d+Au collisions at √s NN=200 GeV, He3+Au collisions at √s NN=200 GeV, and p+p collisions at √s NN=200 GeV. We present centrality-dependent distributions at midrapidity in terms of the number of nucleon participants, N part, and the number of constituent quark participants, N qp. For all A+A collisions down to √s NN=7.7 GeV, we observed that the midrapidity data are better described by scaling with N qp than scaling with N part. Finally, our estimates of the Bjorken energy density, ε BJ, and the ratio of dE T/dη to dN ch/dη are presented, the latter of which is seen to be constant as a function of centrality for all systems.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Contributing Org.:
PHENIX Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1324163
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1324164; OSTI ID: 1354691
Report Number(s):
BNL-113792-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985; PRVCAN; KB0201022; ERKBP09
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 93; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
Publisher:
APS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; nanostructures; chemical synthesis; X-ray diffraction; magnetic properties

Citation Formats

Adare, A., Afanasiev, S., Aidala, C., Ajitanand, N. N., Akiba, Y., Akimoto, R., Al-Bataineh, H., Alexander, J., Alfred, M., Al-Jamel, A., Al-Ta'ani, H., Angerami, A., Aoki, K., Apadula, N., Aphecetche, L., Aramaki, Y., Armendariz, R., Aronson, S. H., Asai, J., Asano, H., Aschenauer, E. C., Atomssa, E. T., Averbeck, R., Awes, T. C., Azmoun, B., Babintsev, V., Bai, M., Bai, X., Baksay, G., Baksay, L., Baldisseri, A., Bandara, N. S., Bannier, B., Barish, K. N., Barnes, P. D., Bassalleck, B., Basye, A. T., Bathe, S., Batsouli, S., Baublis, V., Bauer, F., Baumann, C., Baumgart, S., Bazilevsky, A., Beaumier, M., Beckman, S., Belikov, S., Belmont, R., Bennett, R., Berdnikov, A., Berdnikov, Y., Bhom, J. H., Bickley, A. A., Bjorndal, M. T., Black, D., Blau, D. S., Boissevain, J. G., Bok, J. S., Borel, H., Boyle, K., Brooks, M. L., Brown, D. S., Bryslawskyj, J., Bucher, D., Buesching, H., Bumazhnov, V., Bunce, G., Burward-Hoy, J. M., Butsyk, S., Campbell, S., Caringi, A., Castera, P., Chai, J. -S., Chang, B. S., Charvet, J. -L., Chen, C. -H., Chernichenko, S., Chi, C. Y., Chiba, J., Chiu, M., Choi, I. J., Choi, J. B., Choi, S., Choudhury, R. K., Christiansen, P., Chujo, T., Chung, P., Churyn, A., Chvala, O., Cianciolo, V., Citron, Z., Cleven, C. R., Cobigo, Y., Cole, B. A., Comets, M. P., Conesa del Valle, Z., Connors, M., Constantin, P., Cronin, N., Crossette, N., Csanád, M., Csörgő, T., Dahms, T., Dairaku, S., Danchev, I., Danley, T. W., Das, K., Datta, A., Daugherity, M. S., David, G., Dayananda, M. K., Deaton, M. B., DeBlasio, K., Dehmelt, K., Delagrange, H., Denisov, A., d'Enterria, D., Deshpande, A., Desmond, E. J., Dharmawardane, K. V., Dietzsch, O., Ding, L., Dion, A., Diss, P. B., Do, J. H., Donadelli, M., D'Orazio, L., Drachenberg, J. L., Drapier, O., Drees, A., Drees, K. A., Dubey, A. K., Durham, J. M., Durum, A., Dutta, D., Dzhordzhadze, V., Edwards, S., Efremenko, Y. V., Egdemir, J., Ellinghaus, F., Emam, W. S., Engelmore, T., Enokizono, A., En'yo, H., Espagnon, B., Esumi, S., Eyser, K. O., Fadem, B., Feege, N., Fields, D. E., Finger, M., Finger, M., Fleuret, F., Fokin, S. L., Forestier, B., Fraenkel, Z., Frantz, J. E., Franz, A., Frawley, A. D., Fujiwara, K., Fukao, Y., Fung, S. -Y., Fusayasu, T., Gadrat, S., Gainey, K., Gal, C., Gallus, P., Garg, P., Garishvili, A., Garishvili, I., Gastineau, F., Ge, H., Germain, M., Giordano, F., Glenn, A., Gong, H., Gong, X., Gonin, M., Gosset, J., Goto, Y., Granier de Cassagnac, R., Grau, N., Greene, S. V., Grim, G., Grosse Perdekamp, M., Gu, Y., Gunji, T., Guo, L., Guragain, H., Gustafsson, H. -Å., Hachiya, T., Hadj Henni, A., Haegemann, C., Haggerty, J. S., Hagiwara, M. N., Hahn, K. I., Hamagaki, H., Hamblen, J., Hamilton, H. F., Han, R., Han, S. Y., Hanks, J., Harada, H., Hartouni, E. P., Haruna, K., Harvey, M., Hasegawa, S., Haseler, T. O. S., Hashimoto, K., Haslum, E., Hasuko, K., Hayano, R., Hayashi, S., He, X., Heffner, M., Hemmick, T. K., Hester, T., Heuser, J. M., Hiejima, H., Hill, J. C., Hobbs, R., Hohlmann, M., Hollis, R. S., Holmes, M., Holzmann, W., Homma, K., Hong, B., Horaguchi, T., Hori, Y., Hornback, D., Hoshino, T., Hotvedt, N., Huang, J., Huang, S., Hur, M. G., Ichihara, T., Ichimiya, R., Iinuma, H., Ikeda, Y., Imai, K., Imazu, Y., Imrek, J., Inaba, M., Inoue, Y., Iordanova, A., Isenhower, D., Isenhower, L., Ishihara, M., Isinhue, A., Isobe, T., Issah, M., Isupov, A., Ivanishchev, D., Iwanaga, Y., Jacak, B. V., Javani, M., Jeon, S. J., Jezghani, M., Jia, J., Jiang, X., Jin, J., Jinnouchi, O., Johnson, B. M., Jones, T., Joo, K. S., Jouan, D., Jumper, D. S., Kajihara, F., Kametani, S., Kamihara, N., Kamin, J., Kanda, S., Kaneta, M., Kaneti, S., Kang, B. H., Kang, J. H., Kang, J. S., Kanou, H., Kapustinsky, J., Karatsu, K., Kasai, M., Kawagishi, T., Kawall, D., Kawashima, M., Kazantsev, A. V., Kelly, S., Kempel, T., Key, J. A., Khachatryan, V., Khandai, P. K., Khanzadeev, A., Kijima, K. M., Kikuchi, J., Kim, A., Kim, B. I., Kim, C., Kim, D. H., Kim, D. J., Kim, E., Kim, E. -J., Kim, G. W., Kim, H. J., Kim, K. -B., Kim, M., Kim, Y. -J., Kim, Y. K., Kim, Y. -S., Kimelman, B., Kinney, E., Kiss, Á., Kistenev, E., Kitamura, R., Kiyomichi, A., Klatsky, J., Klay, J., Klein-Boesing, C., Kleinjan, D., Kline, P., Koblesky, T., Kochenda, L., Kochetkov, V., Kofarago, M., Komatsu, Y., Komkov, B., Konno, M., Koster, J., Kotchetkov, D., Kotov, D., Kozlov, A., Král, A., Kravitz, A., Krizek, F., Kroon, P. J., Kubart, J., Kunde, G. J., Kurihara, N., Kurita, K., Kurosawa, M., Kweon, M. J., Kwon, Y., Kyle, G. S., Lacey, R., Lai, Y. S., Lajoie, J. G., Lebedev, A., Le Bornec, Y., Leckey, S., Lee, B., Lee, D. M., Lee, G. H., Lee, J., Lee, K. B., Lee, K. S., Lee, M. K., Lee, S., Lee, S. H., Lee, S. R., Lee, T., Leitch, M. J., Leite, M. A. L., Leitgab, M., Lenzi, B., Lewis, B., Li, X., Li, X. H., Lichtenwalner, P., Liebing, P., Lim, H., Lim, S. H., Linden Levy, L. A., Liška, T., Litvinenko, A., Liu, H., Liu, M. X., Love, B., Lynch, D., Maguire, C. F., Makdisi, Y. I., Makek, M., Malakhov, A., Malik, M. D., Manion, A., Manko, V. I., Mannel, E., Mao, Y., Maruyama, T., Mašek, L., Masui, H., Masumoto, S., Matathias, F., McCain, M. C., McCumber, M., McGaughey, P. L., McGlinchey, D., McKinney, C., Means, N., Meles, A., Mendoza, M., Meredith, B., Miake, Y., Mibe, T., Midori, J., Mignerey, A. C., Mikeš, P., Miki, K., Miller, T. E., Milov, A., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D. K., Mishra, G. C., Mishra, M., Mitchell, J. T., Mitrovski, M., Miyachi, Y., Miyasaka, S., Mizuno, S., Mohanty, A. K., Mohapatra, S., Montuenga, P., Moon, H. J., Moon, T., Morino, Y., Morreale, A., Morrison, D. P., Moskowitz, M., Moss, J. M., Motschwiller, S., Moukhanova, T. V., Mukhopadhyay, D., Murakami, T., Murata, J., Mwai, A., Nagae, T., Nagamiya, S., Nagashima, K., Nagata, Y., Nagle, J. L., Naglis, M., Nagy, M. I., Nakagawa, I., Nakagomi, H., Nakamiya, Y., Nakamura, K. R., Nakamura, T., Nakano, K., Nam, S., Nattrass, C., Nederlof, A., Netrakanti, P. K., Newby, J., Nguyen, M., Nihashi, M., Niida, T., Nishimura, S., Norman, B. E., Nouicer, R., Novák, T., Novitzky, N., Nukariya, A., Nyanin, A. S., Nystrand, J., Oakley, C., Obayashi, H., O'Brien, E., Oda, S. X., Ogilvie, C. A., Ohnishi, H., Oide, H., Ojha, I. D., Oka, M., Okada, K., Omiwade, O. O., Onuki, Y., Orjuela Koop, J. D., Osborn, J. D., Oskarsson, A., Otterlund, I., Ouchida, M., Ozawa, K., Pak, R., Pal, D., Palounek, A. P. T., Pantuev, V., Papavassiliou, V., Park, B. H., Park, I. H., Park, J., Park, J. S., Park, S., Park, S. K., Park, W. J., Pate, S. F., Patel, L., Patel, M., Pei, H., Peng, J. -C., Pereira, H., Perepelitsa, D. V., Perera, G. D. N., Peresedov, V., Peressounko, D. Yu., Perry, J., Petti, R., Pinkenburg, C., Pinson, R., Pisani, R. P., Proissl, M., Purschke, M. L., Purwar, A. K., Qu, H., Rak, J., Rakotozafindrabe, A., Ramson, B. J., Ravinovich, I., Read, K. F., Rembeczki, S., Reuter, M., Reygers, K., Reynolds, D., Riabov, V., Riabov, Y., Richardson, E., Rinn, T., Riveli, N., Roach, D., Roche, G., Rolnick, S. D., Romana, A., Rosati, M., Rosen, C. A., Rosendahl, S. S. E., Rosnet, P., Rowan, Z., Rubin, J. G., Rukoyatkin, P., Ružička, P., Rykov, V. L., Ryu, M. S., Ryu, S. S., Sahlmueller, B., Saito, N., Sakaguchi, T., Sakai, S., Sakashita, K., Sakata, H., Sako, H., Samsonov, V., Sano, M., Sano, S., Sarsour, M., Sato, H. D., Sato, S., Sato, T., Sawada, S., Schaefer, B., Schmoll, B. K., Sedgwick, K., Seele, J., Seidl, R., Sekiguchi, Y., Semenov, V., Sen, A., Seto, R., Sett, P., Sexton, A., Sharma, D., Shaver, A., Shea, T. K., Shein, I., Shevel, A., Shibata, T. -A., Shigaki, K., Shimomura, M., Shohjoh, T., Shoji, K., Shukla, P., Sickles, A., Silva, C. L., Silvermyr, D., Silvestre, C., Sim, K. S., Singh, B. K., Singh, C. P., Singh, V., Skolnik, M., Skutnik, S., Slunečka, M., Smith, W. C., Snowball, M., Solano, S., Soldatov, A., Soltz, R. A., Sondheim, W. E., Sorensen, S. P., Sourikova, I. V., Staley, F., Stankus, P. W., Steinberg, P., Stenlund, E., Stepanov, M., Ster, A., Stoll, S. P., Stone, M. R., Sugitate, T., Suire, C., Sukhanov, A., Sullivan, J. P., Sumita, T., Sun, J., Sziklai, J., Tabaru, T., Takagi, S., Takagui, E. M., Takahara, A., Taketani, A., Tanabe, R., Tanaka, K. H., Tanaka, Y., Taneja, S., Tanida, K., Tannenbaum, M. J., Tarafdar, S., Taranenko, A., Tarján, P., Tennant, E., Themann, H., Thomas, D., Thomas, T. L., Tieulent, R., Timilsina, A., Todoroki, T., Togawa, M., Toia, A., Tojo, J., Tomášek, L., Tomášek, M., Torii, H., Towell, C. L., Towell, R., Towell, R. S., Tram, V-N., Tserruya, I., Tsuchimoto, Y., Tsuji, T., Tuli, S. K., Tydesjö, H., Tyurin, N., Vale, C., Valle, H., van Hecke, H. W., Vargyas, M., Vazquez-Zambrano, E., Veicht, A., Velkovska, J., Vértesi, R., Vinogradov, A. A., Virius, M., Voas, B., Vossen, A., Vrba, V., Vznuzdaev, E., Wagner, M., Walker, D., Wang, X. R., Watanabe, D., Watanabe, K., Watanabe, Y., Watanabe, Y. S., Wei, F., Wei, R., Wessels, J., Whitaker, S., White, A. S., White, S. N., Willis, N., Winter, D., Wolin, S., Woody, C. L., Wright, R. M., Wysocki, M., Xia, B., Xie, W., Xue, L., Yalcin, S., Yamaguchi, Y. L., Yamaura, K., Yang, R., Yanovich, A., Yasin, Z., Ying, J., Yokkaichi, S., Yoo, J. H., Yoon, I., You, Z., Young, G. R., Younus, I., Yu, H., Yushmanov, I. E., Zajc, W. A., Zaudtke, O., Zelenski, A., Zhang, C., Zhou, S., Zimamyi, J., Zolin, L., and Zou, L. Transverse energy production and charged-particle multiplicity at midrapidity in various systems from sNN=7.7 to 200 GeV. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.93.024901.
Adare, A., Afanasiev, S., Aidala, C., Ajitanand, N. N., Akiba, Y., Akimoto, R., Al-Bataineh, H., Alexander, J., Alfred, M., Al-Jamel, A., Al-Ta'ani, H., Angerami, A., Aoki, K., Apadula, N., Aphecetche, L., Aramaki, Y., Armendariz, R., Aronson, S. H., Asai, J., Asano, H., Aschenauer, E. C., Atomssa, E. T., Averbeck, R., Awes, T. C., Azmoun, B., Babintsev, V., Bai, M., Bai, X., Baksay, G., Baksay, L., Baldisseri, A., Bandara, N. S., Bannier, B., Barish, K. N., Barnes, P. D., Bassalleck, B., Basye, A. T., Bathe, S., Batsouli, S., Baublis, V., Bauer, F., Baumann, C., Baumgart, S., Bazilevsky, A., Beaumier, M., Beckman, S., Belikov, S., Belmont, R., Bennett, R., Berdnikov, A., Berdnikov, Y., Bhom, J. H., Bickley, A. A., Bjorndal, M. T., Black, D., Blau, D. S., Boissevain, J. G., Bok, J. S., Borel, H., Boyle, K., Brooks, M. L., Brown, D. S., Bryslawskyj, J., Bucher, D., Buesching, H., Bumazhnov, V., Bunce, G., Burward-Hoy, J. M., Butsyk, S., Campbell, S., Caringi, A., Castera, P., Chai, J. -S., Chang, B. S., Charvet, J. -L., Chen, C. -H., Chernichenko, S., Chi, C. Y., Chiba, J., Chiu, M., Choi, I. J., Choi, J. B., Choi, S., Choudhury, R. K., Christiansen, P., Chujo, T., Chung, P., Churyn, A., Chvala, O., Cianciolo, V., Citron, Z., Cleven, C. R., Cobigo, Y., Cole, B. A., Comets, M. P., Conesa del Valle, Z., Connors, M., Constantin, P., Cronin, N., Crossette, N., Csanád, M., Csörgő, T., Dahms, T., Dairaku, S., Danchev, I., Danley, T. W., Das, K., Datta, A., Daugherity, M. S., David, G., Dayananda, M. K., Deaton, M. B., DeBlasio, K., Dehmelt, K., Delagrange, H., Denisov, A., d'Enterria, D., Deshpande, A., Desmond, E. J., Dharmawardane, K. V., Dietzsch, O., Ding, L., Dion, A., Diss, P. B., Do, J. H., Donadelli, M., D'Orazio, L., Drachenberg, J. L., Drapier, O., Drees, A., Drees, K. A., Dubey, A. K., Durham, J. M., Durum, A., Dutta, D., Dzhordzhadze, V., Edwards, S., Efremenko, Y. V., Egdemir, J., Ellinghaus, F., Emam, W. S., Engelmore, T., Enokizono, A., En'yo, H., Espagnon, B., Esumi, S., Eyser, K. O., Fadem, B., Feege, N., Fields, D. E., Finger, M., Finger, M., Fleuret, F., Fokin, S. L., Forestier, B., Fraenkel, Z., Frantz, J. E., Franz, A., Frawley, A. D., Fujiwara, K., Fukao, Y., Fung, S. -Y., Fusayasu, T., Gadrat, S., Gainey, K., Gal, C., Gallus, P., Garg, P., Garishvili, A., Garishvili, I., Gastineau, F., Ge, H., Germain, M., Giordano, F., Glenn, A., Gong, H., Gong, X., Gonin, M., Gosset, J., Goto, Y., Granier de Cassagnac, R., Grau, N., Greene, S. V., Grim, G., Grosse Perdekamp, M., Gu, Y., Gunji, T., Guo, L., Guragain, H., Gustafsson, H. -Å., Hachiya, T., Hadj Henni, A., Haegemann, C., Haggerty, J. S., Hagiwara, M. N., Hahn, K. I., Hamagaki, H., Hamblen, J., Hamilton, H. F., Han, R., Han, S. Y., Hanks, J., Harada, H., Hartouni, E. P., Haruna, K., Harvey, M., Hasegawa, S., Haseler, T. O. S., Hashimoto, K., Haslum, E., Hasuko, K., Hayano, R., Hayashi, S., He, X., Heffner, M., Hemmick, T. K., Hester, T., Heuser, J. M., Hiejima, H., Hill, J. C., Hobbs, R., Hohlmann, M., Hollis, R. S., Holmes, M., Holzmann, W., Homma, K., Hong, B., Horaguchi, T., Hori, Y., Hornback, D., Hoshino, T., Hotvedt, N., Huang, J., Huang, S., Hur, M. G., Ichihara, T., Ichimiya, R., Iinuma, H., Ikeda, Y., Imai, K., Imazu, Y., Imrek, J., Inaba, M., Inoue, Y., Iordanova, A., Isenhower, D., Isenhower, L., Ishihara, M., Isinhue, A., Isobe, T., Issah, M., Isupov, A., Ivanishchev, D., Iwanaga, Y., Jacak, B. V., Javani, M., Jeon, S. J., Jezghani, M., Jia, J., Jiang, X., Jin, J., Jinnouchi, O., Johnson, B. M., Jones, T., Joo, K. S., Jouan, D., Jumper, D. S., Kajihara, F., Kametani, S., Kamihara, N., Kamin, J., Kanda, S., Kaneta, M., Kaneti, S., Kang, B. H., Kang, J. H., Kang, J. S., Kanou, H., Kapustinsky, J., Karatsu, K., Kasai, M., Kawagishi, T., Kawall, D., Kawashima, M., Kazantsev, A. V., Kelly, S., Kempel, T., Key, J. A., Khachatryan, V., Khandai, P. K., Khanzadeev, A., Kijima, K. M., Kikuchi, J., Kim, A., Kim, B. I., Kim, C., Kim, D. H., Kim, D. J., Kim, E., Kim, E. -J., Kim, G. W., Kim, H. J., Kim, K. -B., Kim, M., Kim, Y. -J., Kim, Y. K., Kim, Y. -S., Kimelman, B., Kinney, E., Kiss, Á., Kistenev, E., Kitamura, R., Kiyomichi, A., Klatsky, J., Klay, J., Klein-Boesing, C., Kleinjan, D., Kline, P., Koblesky, T., Kochenda, L., Kochetkov, V., Kofarago, M., Komatsu, Y., Komkov, B., Konno, M., Koster, J., Kotchetkov, D., Kotov, D., Kozlov, A., Král, A., Kravitz, A., Krizek, F., Kroon, P. J., Kubart, J., Kunde, G. J., Kurihara, N., Kurita, K., Kurosawa, M., Kweon, M. J., Kwon, Y., Kyle, G. S., Lacey, R., Lai, Y. S., Lajoie, J. G., Lebedev, A., Le Bornec, Y., Leckey, S., Lee, B., Lee, D. M., Lee, G. H., Lee, J., Lee, K. B., Lee, K. S., Lee, M. K., Lee, S., Lee, S. H., Lee, S. R., Lee, T., Leitch, M. J., Leite, M. A. L., Leitgab, M., Lenzi, B., Lewis, B., Li, X., Li, X. H., Lichtenwalner, P., Liebing, P., Lim, H., Lim, S. H., Linden Levy, L. A., Liška, T., Litvinenko, A., Liu, H., Liu, M. X., Love, B., Lynch, D., Maguire, C. F., Makdisi, Y. I., Makek, M., Malakhov, A., Malik, M. D., Manion, A., Manko, V. I., Mannel, E., Mao, Y., Maruyama, T., Mašek, L., Masui, H., Masumoto, S., Matathias, F., McCain, M. C., McCumber, M., McGaughey, P. L., McGlinchey, D., McKinney, C., Means, N., Meles, A., Mendoza, M., Meredith, B., Miake, Y., Mibe, T., Midori, J., Mignerey, A. C., Mikeš, P., Miki, K., Miller, T. E., Milov, A., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D. K., Mishra, G. C., Mishra, M., Mitchell, J. T., Mitrovski, M., Miyachi, Y., Miyasaka, S., Mizuno, S., Mohanty, A. K., Mohapatra, S., Montuenga, P., Moon, H. J., Moon, T., Morino, Y., Morreale, A., Morrison, D. P., Moskowitz, M., Moss, J. M., Motschwiller, S., Moukhanova, T. V., Mukhopadhyay, D., Murakami, T., Murata, J., Mwai, A., Nagae, T., Nagamiya, S., Nagashima, K., Nagata, Y., Nagle, J. 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K., Qu, H., Rak, J., Rakotozafindrabe, A., Ramson, B. J., Ravinovich, I., Read, K. F., Rembeczki, S., Reuter, M., Reygers, K., Reynolds, D., Riabov, V., Riabov, Y., Richardson, E., Rinn, T., Riveli, N., Roach, D., Roche, G., Rolnick, S. D., Romana, A., Rosati, M., Rosen, C. A., Rosendahl, S. S. E., Rosnet, P., Rowan, Z., Rubin, J. G., Rukoyatkin, P., Ružička, P., Rykov, V. L., Ryu, M. S., Ryu, S. S., Sahlmueller, B., Saito, N., Sakaguchi, T., Sakai, S., Sakashita, K., Sakata, H., Sako, H., Samsonov, V., Sano, M., Sano, S., Sarsour, M., Sato, H. D., Sato, S., Sato, T., Sawada, S., Schaefer, B., Schmoll, B. K., Sedgwick, K., Seele, J., Seidl, R., Sekiguchi, Y., Semenov, V., Sen, A., Seto, R., Sett, P., Sexton, A., Sharma, D., Shaver, A., Shea, T. K., Shein, I., Shevel, A., Shibata, T. -A., Shigaki, K., Shimomura, M., Shohjoh, T., Shoji, K., Shukla, P., Sickles, A., Silva, C. L., Silvermyr, D., Silvestre, C., Sim, K. S., Singh, B. K., Singh, C. P., Singh, V., Skolnik, M., Skutnik, S., Slunečka, M., Smith, W. C., Snowball, M., Solano, S., Soldatov, A., Soltz, R. A., Sondheim, W. E., Sorensen, S. P., Sourikova, I. V., Staley, F., Stankus, P. W., Steinberg, P., Stenlund, E., Stepanov, M., Ster, A., Stoll, S. P., Stone, M. R., Sugitate, T., Suire, C., Sukhanov, A., Sullivan, J. P., Sumita, T., Sun, J., Sziklai, J., Tabaru, T., Takagi, S., Takagui, E. M., Takahara, A., Taketani, A., Tanabe, R., Tanaka, K. H., Tanaka, Y., Taneja, S., Tanida, K., Tannenbaum, M. J., Tarafdar, S., Taranenko, A., Tarján, P., Tennant, E., Themann, H., Thomas, D., Thomas, T. L., Tieulent, R., Timilsina, A., Todoroki, T., Togawa, M., Toia, A., Tojo, J., Tomášek, L., Tomášek, M., Torii, H., Towell, C. L., Towell, R., Towell, R. S., Tram, V-N., Tserruya, I., Tsuchimoto, Y., Tsuji, T., Tuli, S. K., Tydesjö, H., Tyurin, N., Vale, C., Valle, H., van Hecke, H. W., Vargyas, M., Vazquez-Zambrano, E., Veicht, A., Velkovska, J., Vértesi, R., Vinogradov, A. A., Virius, M., Voas, B., Vossen, A., Vrba, V., Vznuzdaev, E., Wagner, M., Walker, D., Wang, X. R., Watanabe, D., Watanabe, K., Watanabe, Y., Watanabe, Y. S., Wei, F., Wei, R., Wessels, J., Whitaker, S., White, A. S., White, S. N., Willis, N., Winter, D., Wolin, S., Woody, C. L., Wright, R. M., Wysocki, M., Xia, B., Xie, W., Xue, L., Yalcin, S., Yamaguchi, Y. L., Yamaura, K., Yang, R., Yanovich, A., Yasin, Z., Ying, J., Yokkaichi, S., Yoo, J. H., Yoon, I., You, Z., Young, G. R., Younus, I., Yu, H., Yushmanov, I. E., Zajc, W. A., Zaudtke, O., Zelenski, A., Zhang, C., Zhou, S., Zimamyi, J., Zolin, L., & Zou, L. Transverse energy production and charged-particle multiplicity at midrapidity in various systems from sNN=7.7 to 200 GeV. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.93.024901.
Adare, A., Afanasiev, S., Aidala, C., Ajitanand, N. N., Akiba, Y., Akimoto, R., Al-Bataineh, H., Alexander, J., Alfred, M., Al-Jamel, A., Al-Ta'ani, H., Angerami, A., Aoki, K., Apadula, N., Aphecetche, L., Aramaki, Y., Armendariz, R., Aronson, S. H., Asai, J., Asano, H., Aschenauer, E. C., Atomssa, E. T., Averbeck, R., Awes, T. C., Azmoun, B., Babintsev, V., Bai, M., Bai, X., Baksay, G., Baksay, L., Baldisseri, A., Bandara, N. S., Bannier, B., Barish, K. N., Barnes, P. D., Bassalleck, B., Basye, A. T., Bathe, S., Batsouli, S., Baublis, V., Bauer, F., Baumann, C., Baumgart, S., Bazilevsky, A., Beaumier, M., Beckman, S., Belikov, S., Belmont, R., Bennett, R., Berdnikov, A., Berdnikov, Y., Bhom, J. H., Bickley, A. A., Bjorndal, M. T., Black, D., Blau, D. S., Boissevain, J. G., Bok, J. S., Borel, H., Boyle, K., Brooks, M. L., Brown, D. S., Bryslawskyj, J., Bucher, D., Buesching, H., Bumazhnov, V., Bunce, G., Burward-Hoy, J. M., Butsyk, S., Campbell, S., Caringi, A., Castera, P., Chai, J. -S., Chang, B. S., Charvet, J. -L., Chen, C. -H., Chernichenko, S., Chi, C. Y., Chiba, J., Chiu, M., Choi, I. J., Choi, J. B., Choi, S., Choudhury, R. K., Christiansen, P., Chujo, T., Chung, P., Churyn, A., Chvala, O., Cianciolo, V., Citron, Z., Cleven, C. R., Cobigo, Y., Cole, B. A., Comets, M. P., Conesa del Valle, Z., Connors, M., Constantin, P., Cronin, N., Crossette, N., Csanád, M., Csörgő, T., Dahms, T., Dairaku, S., Danchev, I., Danley, T. W., Das, K., Datta, A., Daugherity, M. S., David, G., Dayananda, M. K., Deaton, M. B., DeBlasio, K., Dehmelt, K., Delagrange, H., Denisov, A., d'Enterria, D., Deshpande, A., Desmond, E. J., Dharmawardane, K. V., Dietzsch, O., Ding, L., Dion, A., Diss, P. B., Do, J. H., Donadelli, M., D'Orazio, L., Drachenberg, J. L., Drapier, O., Drees, A., Drees, K. A., Dubey, A. K., Durham, J. M., Durum, A., Dutta, D., Dzhordzhadze, V., Edwards, S., Efremenko, Y. V., Egdemir, J., Ellinghaus, F., Emam, W. S., Engelmore, T., Enokizono, A., En'yo, H., Espagnon, B., Esumi, S., Eyser, K. O., Fadem, B., Feege, N., Fields, D. E., Finger, M., Finger, M., Fleuret, F., Fokin, S. L., Forestier, B., Fraenkel, Z., Frantz, J. E., Franz, A., Frawley, A. D., Fujiwara, K., Fukao, Y., Fung, S. -Y., Fusayasu, T., Gadrat, S., Gainey, K., Gal, C., Gallus, P., Garg, P., Garishvili, A., Garishvili, I., Gastineau, F., Ge, H., Germain, M., Giordano, F., Glenn, A., Gong, H., Gong, X., Gonin, M., Gosset, J., Goto, Y., Granier de Cassagnac, R., Grau, N., Greene, S. V., Grim, G., Grosse Perdekamp, M., Gu, Y., Gunji, T., Guo, L., Guragain, H., Gustafsson, H. -Å., Hachiya, T., Hadj Henni, A., Haegemann, C., Haggerty, J. S., Hagiwara, M. N., Hahn, K. I., Hamagaki, H., Hamblen, J., Hamilton, H. F., Han, R., Han, S. Y., Hanks, J., Harada, H., Hartouni, E. P., Haruna, K., Harvey, M., Hasegawa, S., Haseler, T. O. S., Hashimoto, K., Haslum, E., Hasuko, K., Hayano, R., Hayashi, S., He, X., Heffner, M., Hemmick, T. K., Hester, T., Heuser, J. M., Hiejima, H., Hill, J. C., Hobbs, R., Hohlmann, M., Hollis, R. S., Holmes, M., Holzmann, W., Homma, K., Hong, B., Horaguchi, T., Hori, Y., Hornback, D., Hoshino, T., Hotvedt, N., Huang, J., Huang, S., Hur, M. G., Ichihara, T., Ichimiya, R., Iinuma, H., Ikeda, Y., Imai, K., Imazu, Y., Imrek, J., Inaba, M., Inoue, Y., Iordanova, A., Isenhower, D., Isenhower, L., Ishihara, M., Isinhue, A., Isobe, T., Issah, M., Isupov, A., Ivanishchev, D., Iwanaga, Y., Jacak, B. V., Javani, M., Jeon, S. J., Jezghani, M., Jia, J., Jiang, X., Jin, J., Jinnouchi, O., Johnson, B. M., Jones, T., Joo, K. S., Jouan, D., Jumper, D. S., Kajihara, F., Kametani, S., Kamihara, N., Kamin, J., Kanda, S., Kaneta, M., Kaneti, S., Kang, B. H., Kang, J. H., Kang, J. S., Kanou, H., Kapustinsky, J., Karatsu, K., Kasai, M., Kawagishi, T., Kawall, D., Kawashima, M., Kazantsev, A. V., Kelly, S., Kempel, T., Key, J. A., Khachatryan, V., Khandai, P. K., Khanzadeev, A., Kijima, K. M., Kikuchi, J., Kim, A., Kim, B. I., Kim, C., Kim, D. H., Kim, D. J., Kim, E., Kim, E. -J., Kim, G. W., Kim, H. J., Kim, K. -B., Kim, M., Kim, Y. -J., Kim, Y. K., Kim, Y. -S., Kimelman, B., Kinney, E., Kiss, Á., Kistenev, E., Kitamura, R., Kiyomichi, A., Klatsky, J., Klay, J., Klein-Boesing, C., Kleinjan, D., Kline, P., Koblesky, T., Kochenda, L., Kochetkov, V., Kofarago, M., Komatsu, Y., Komkov, B., Konno, M., Koster, J., Kotchetkov, D., Kotov, D., Kozlov, A., Král, A., Kravitz, A., Krizek, F., Kroon, P. J., Kubart, J., Kunde, G. J., Kurihara, N., Kurita, K., Kurosawa, M., Kweon, M. J., Kwon, Y., Kyle, G. S., Lacey, R., Lai, Y. S., Lajoie, J. G., Lebedev, A., Le Bornec, Y., Leckey, S., Lee, B., Lee, D. M., Lee, G. H., Lee, J., Lee, K. B., Lee, K. S., Lee, M. K., Lee, S., Lee, S. H., Lee, S. R., Lee, T., Leitch, M. J., Leite, M. A. L., Leitgab, M., Lenzi, B., Lewis, B., Li, X., Li, X. H., Lichtenwalner, P., Liebing, P., Lim, H., Lim, S. H., Linden Levy, L. A., Liška, T., Litvinenko, A., Liu, H., Liu, M. X., Love, B., Lynch, D., Maguire, C. F., Makdisi, Y. I., Makek, M., Malakhov, A., Malik, M. D., Manion, A., Manko, V. I., Mannel, E., Mao, Y., Maruyama, T., Mašek, L., Masui, H., Masumoto, S., Matathias, F., McCain, M. C., McCumber, M., McGaughey, P. L., McGlinchey, D., McKinney, C., Means, N., Meles, A., Mendoza, M., Meredith, B., Miake, Y., Mibe, T., Midori, J., Mignerey, A. C., Mikeš, P., Miki, K., Miller, T. E., Milov, A., Mioduszewski, S., Mishra, D. K., Mishra, G. C., Mishra, M., Mitchell, J. T., Mitrovski, M., Miyachi, Y., Miyasaka, S., Mizuno, S., Mohanty, A. K., Mohapatra, S., Montuenga, P., Moon, H. J., Moon, T., Morino, Y., Morreale, A., Morrison, D. P., Moskowitz, M., Moss, J. M., Motschwiller, S., Moukhanova, T. V., Mukhopadhyay, D., Murakami, T., Murata, J., Mwai, A., Nagae, T., Nagamiya, S., Nagashima, K., Nagata, Y., Nagle, J. L., Naglis, M., Nagy, M. I., Nakagawa, I., Nakagomi, H., Nakamiya, Y., Nakamura, K. R., Nakamura, T., Nakano, K., Nam, S., Nattrass, C., Nederlof, A., Netrakanti, P. K., Newby, J., Nguyen, M., Nihashi, M., Niida, T., Nishimura, S., Norman, B. E., Nouicer, R., Novák, T., Novitzky, N., Nukariya, A., Nyanin, A. S., Nystrand, J., Oakley, C., Obayashi, H., O'Brien, E., Oda, S. X., Ogilvie, C. A., Ohnishi, H., Oide, H., Ojha, I. D., Oka, M., Okada, K., Omiwade, O. O., Onuki, Y., Orjuela Koop, J. D., Osborn, J. D., Oskarsson, A., Otterlund, I., Ouchida, M., Ozawa, K., Pak, R., Pal, D., Palounek, A. P. T., Pantuev, V., Papavassiliou, V., Park, B. H., Park, I. H., Park, J., Park, J. S., Park, S., Park, S. K., Park, W. J., Pate, S. F., Patel, L., Patel, M., Pei, H., Peng, J. -C., Pereira, H., Perepelitsa, D. V., Perera, G. D. N., Peresedov, V., Peressounko, D. Yu., Perry, J., Petti, R., Pinkenburg, C., Pinson, R., Pisani, R. P., Proissl, M., Purschke, M. L., Purwar, A. K., Qu, H., Rak, J., Rakotozafindrabe, A., Ramson, B. J., Ravinovich, I., Read, K. F., Rembeczki, S., Reuter, M., Reygers, K., Reynolds, D., Riabov, V., Riabov, Y., Richardson, E., Rinn, T., Riveli, N., Roach, D., Roche, G., Rolnick, S. D., Romana, A., Rosati, M., Rosen, C. A., Rosendahl, S. S. E., Rosnet, P., Rowan, Z., Rubin, J. G., Rukoyatkin, P., Ružička, P., Rykov, V. L., Ryu, M. S., Ryu, S. S., Sahlmueller, B., Saito, N., Sakaguchi, T., Sakai, S., Sakashita, K., Sakata, H., Sako, H., Samsonov, V., Sano, M., Sano, S., Sarsour, M., Sato, H. D., Sato, S., Sato, T., Sawada, S., Schaefer, B., Schmoll, B. K., Sedgwick, K., Seele, J., Seidl, R., Sekiguchi, Y., Semenov, V., Sen, A., Seto, R., Sett, P., Sexton, A., Sharma, D., Shaver, A., Shea, T. K., Shein, I., Shevel, A., Shibata, T. -A., Shigaki, K., Shimomura, M., Shohjoh, T., Shoji, K., Shukla, P., Sickles, A., Silva, C. L., Silvermyr, D., Silvestre, C., Sim, K. S., Singh, B. K., Singh, C. P., Singh, V., Skolnik, M., Skutnik, S., Slunečka, M., Smith, W. C., Snowball, M., Solano, S., Soldatov, A., Soltz, R. A., Sondheim, W. E., Sorensen, S. P., Sourikova, I. V., Staley, F., Stankus, P. W., Steinberg, P., Stenlund, E., Stepanov, M., Ster, A., Stoll, S. P., Stone, M. R., Sugitate, T., Suire, C., Sukhanov, A., Sullivan, J. P., Sumita, T., Sun, J., Sziklai, J., Tabaru, T., Takagi, S., Takagui, E. M., Takahara, A., Taketani, A., Tanabe, R., Tanaka, K. H., Tanaka, Y., Taneja, S., Tanida, K., Tannenbaum, M. J., Tarafdar, S., Taranenko, A., Tarján, P., Tennant, E., Themann, H., Thomas, D., Thomas, T. L., Tieulent, R., Timilsina, A., Todoroki, T., Togawa, M., Toia, A., Tojo, J., Tomášek, L., Tomášek, M., Torii, H., Towell, C. L., Towell, R., Towell, R. S., Tram, V-N., Tserruya, I., Tsuchimoto, Y., Tsuji, T., Tuli, S. K., Tydesjö, H., Tyurin, N., Vale, C., Valle, H., van Hecke, H. W., Vargyas, M., Vazquez-Zambrano, E., Veicht, A., Velkovska, J., Vértesi, R., Vinogradov, A. A., Virius, M., Voas, B., Vossen, A., Vrba, V., Vznuzdaev, E., Wagner, M., Walker, D., Wang, X. R., Watanabe, D., Watanabe, K., Watanabe, Y., Watanabe, Y. S., Wei, F., Wei, R., Wessels, J., Whitaker, S., White, A. S., White, S. N., Willis, N., Winter, D., Wolin, S., Woody, C. L., Wright, R. M., Wysocki, M., Xia, B., Xie, W., Xue, L., Yalcin, S., Yamaguchi, Y. L., Yamaura, K., Yang, R., Yanovich, A., Yasin, Z., Ying, J., Yokkaichi, S., Yoo, J. H., Yoon, I., You, Z., Young, G. R., Younus, I., Yu, H., Yushmanov, I. E., Zajc, W. A., Zaudtke, O., Zelenski, A., Zhang, C., Zhou, S., Zimamyi, J., Zolin, L., and Zou, L. Wed . "Transverse energy production and charged-particle multiplicity at midrapidity in various systems from sNN=7.7 to 200 GeV". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.93.024901. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1324163.
@article{osti_1324163,
title = {Transverse energy production and charged-particle multiplicity at midrapidity in various systems from sNN=7.7 to 200 GeV},
author = {Adare, A. and Afanasiev, S. and Aidala, C. and Ajitanand, N. N. and Akiba, Y. and Akimoto, R. and Al-Bataineh, H. and Alexander, J. and Alfred, M. and Al-Jamel, A. and Al-Ta'ani, H. and Angerami, A. and Aoki, K. and Apadula, N. and Aphecetche, L. and Aramaki, Y. and Armendariz, R. and Aronson, S. H. and Asai, J. and Asano, H. and Aschenauer, E. C. and Atomssa, E. T. and Averbeck, R. and Awes, T. C. and Azmoun, B. and Babintsev, V. and Bai, M. and Bai, X. and Baksay, G. and Baksay, L. and Baldisseri, A. and Bandara, N. S. and Bannier, B. and Barish, K. N. and Barnes, P. D. and Bassalleck, B. and Basye, A. T. and Bathe, S. and Batsouli, S. and Baublis, V. and Bauer, F. and Baumann, C. and Baumgart, S. and Bazilevsky, A. and Beaumier, M. and Beckman, S. and Belikov, S. and Belmont, R. and Bennett, R. and Berdnikov, A. and Berdnikov, Y. and Bhom, J. H. and Bickley, A. A. and Bjorndal, M. T. and Black, D. and Blau, D. S. and Boissevain, J. G. and Bok, J. S. and Borel, H. and Boyle, K. and Brooks, M. L. and Brown, D. S. and Bryslawskyj, J. and Bucher, D. and Buesching, H. and Bumazhnov, V. and Bunce, G. and Burward-Hoy, J. M. and Butsyk, S. and Campbell, S. and Caringi, A. and Castera, P. and Chai, J. -S. and Chang, B. S. and Charvet, J. -L. and Chen, C. -H. and Chernichenko, S. and Chi, C. Y. and Chiba, J. and Chiu, M. and Choi, I. J. and Choi, J. B. and Choi, S. and Choudhury, R. K. and Christiansen, P. and Chujo, T. and Chung, P. and Churyn, A. and Chvala, O. and Cianciolo, V. and Citron, Z. and Cleven, C. R. and Cobigo, Y. and Cole, B. A. and Comets, M. P. and Conesa del Valle, Z. and Connors, M. and Constantin, P. and Cronin, N. and Crossette, N. and Csanád, M. and Csörgő, T. and Dahms, T. and Dairaku, S. and Danchev, I. and Danley, T. W. and Das, K. and Datta, A. and Daugherity, M. S. and David, G. and Dayananda, M. K. and Deaton, M. 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abstractNote = {Measurements of midrapidity charged-particle multiplicity distributions, dNch/dη, and midrapidity transverse-energy distributions, dET/dη, are presented for a variety of collision systems and energies. Included are distributions for Au+Au collisions at √sNN=200, 130, 62.4, 39, 27, 19.6, 14.5, and 7.7 GeV, Cu+Cu collisions at √sNN=200 and 62.4 GeV, Cu+Au collisions at √sNN=200 GeV, U+U collisions at√sNN=193 GeV, d+Au collisions at √sNN=200 GeV, He3+Au collisions at √sNN=200 GeV, and p+p collisions at √sNN=200 GeV. We present centrality-dependent distributions at midrapidity in terms of the number of nucleon participants, Npart, and the number of constituent quark participants, Nqp. For all A+A collisions down to √sNN=7.7 GeV, we observed that the midrapidity data are better described by scaling with Nqp than scaling with Npart. Finally, our estimates of the Bjorken energy density, εBJ, and the ratio of dET/dη to dNch/dη are presented, the latter of which is seen to be constant as a function of centrality for all systems.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevC.93.024901},
journal = {Physical Review C},
number = 2,
volume = 93,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {2}
}

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