skip to main content


Title: Metal-organic frameworks for thermoelectric energy-conversion applications

Motivated by low cost, low toxicity, mechanical flexibility, and conformability over complex shapes, organic semiconductors are currently being actively investigated as thermoelectric (TE) materials to replace the costly, brittle, and non-eco-friendly inorganic TEs for near-ambient-temperature applications. Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) share many of the attractive features of organic polymers, including solution processability and low thermal conductivity. A potential advantage of MOFs and MOFs with guest molecules (Guest@MOFs) is their synthetic and structural versatility, which allows both the electronic and geometric structure to be tuned through the choice of metal, ligand, and guest molecules. This could solve the long-standing challenge of finding stable, high-TE-performance n-type organic semiconductors, as well as promote high charge mobility via the long-range crystalline order inherent in these materials. In this paper, we review recent advances in the synthesis of MOF and Guest@MOF TEs and discuss how the Seebeck coefficient, electrical conductivity, and thermal conductivity could be tuned to further optimize TE performance.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
  3. Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0883-7694; 640907; TRN: US1700092
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
MRS Bulletin
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 41; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 0883-7694
Materials Research Society
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; metal-organic frameworks (MOFs); thermoelectricity; thermal conductivity
OSTI Identifier: