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Title: Induced Ferromagnetism at BiFeO 3/YBa 2Cu 3O 7 Interfaces

We report that transition metal oxides (TMOs) exhibit many emergent phenomena ranging from high-temperature superconductivity and giant magnetoresistance to magnetism and ferroelectricity. In addition, when TMOs are interfaced with each other, new functionalities can arise, which are absent in individual components. Here, we report results from first-principles calculations on the magnetism at the BiFeO 3/YBa 2Cu 3O 7 interfaces. By comparing the total energy for various magnetic spin configurations inside BiFeO 3, we are able to show that a metallic ferromagnetism is induced near the interface. We further develop an interface exchange-coupling model and place the extracted exchange coupling interaction strengths, from the first-principles calculations, into a resultant generic phase diagram. Our conclusion of interfacial ferromagnetism is confirmed by the presence of a hysteresis loop in field-dependent magnetization data. Lastly, the emergence of interfacial ferromagnetism should have implications to electronic and transport properties.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); James Madison Univ., Harrisonburg, VA (United States)
  3. Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Conference: 2014 APS March Meeting ; 2014-03-03 - 2014-03-07 ; Denver, Colorado, United States; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; Magnetic properties and materials; Surfaces, interfaces and thin films
OSTI Identifier: