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Title: Edge instability in a chiral stripe domain under an electric current and skyrmion generation

Abstract

Motivated by the recent experimental observations on the skyrmion creation by cutting chiral stripe domains under a current drive [Jiang et al., Science 349, 283 (2015)], we study the mechanism of skyrmion generation by simulating the dynamics of stripe domains. Our theory for skyrmion generation is based on the fact that there are two half skyrmions attached to the ends of a stripe domain. These half skyrmions move due to the coupling between the skyrmion topological charge and current. As a consequence, the stripe domain is bent or stretched depending on the direction of motion of the half skyrmions. For a large current, skyrmions are created by chopping the stripe domains via strong bending or stretching. Our theory provides an explanation to the experiments and is supported by the new experiments. Moreover, we predict that skyrmions can also be generated using a Bloch stripe domain under a spin transfer torque which can be realized in B20 compounds.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
OSTI Identifier:
1312572
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1260293
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-15-28632
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; PRBMDO
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; Material Science

Citation Formats

Lin, Shi -Zeng. Edge instability in a chiral stripe domain under an electric current and skyrmion generation. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.020402.
Lin, Shi -Zeng. Edge instability in a chiral stripe domain under an electric current and skyrmion generation. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.020402.
Lin, Shi -Zeng. Tue . "Edge instability in a chiral stripe domain under an electric current and skyrmion generation". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.94.020402. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1312572.
@article{osti_1312572,
title = {Edge instability in a chiral stripe domain under an electric current and skyrmion generation},
author = {Lin, Shi -Zeng},
abstractNote = {Motivated by the recent experimental observations on the skyrmion creation by cutting chiral stripe domains under a current drive [Jiang et al., Science 349, 283 (2015)], we study the mechanism of skyrmion generation by simulating the dynamics of stripe domains. Our theory for skyrmion generation is based on the fact that there are two half skyrmions attached to the ends of a stripe domain. These half skyrmions move due to the coupling between the skyrmion topological charge and current. As a consequence, the stripe domain is bent or stretched depending on the direction of motion of the half skyrmions. For a large current, skyrmions are created by chopping the stripe domains via strong bending or stretching. Our theory provides an explanation to the experiments and is supported by the new experiments. Moreover, we predict that skyrmions can also be generated using a Bloch stripe domain under a spin transfer torque which can be realized in B20 compounds.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevB.94.020402},
journal = {Physical Review B},
number = 2,
volume = 94,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {7}
}

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