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Title: Simultaneous operation of two soft x-ray free-electron lasers driven by one linear accelerator

Extreme-ultraviolet to x-ray free-electron lasers (FELs) in operation for scientific applications are up to now single-user facilities. While most FELs generate around 100 photon pulses per second, FLASH at DESY can deliver almost two orders of magnitude more pulses in this time span due to its superconducting accelerator technology. This makes the facility a prime candidate to realize the next step in FELs—dividing the electron pulse trains into several FEL lines and delivering photon pulses to several users at the same time. Hence, FLASH has been extended with a second undulator line and self-amplified spontaneous emission (SASE) is demonstrated in both FELs simultaneously. Here, FLASH can now deliver MHz pulse trains to two user experiments in parallel with individually selected photon beam characteristics. First results of the capabilities of this extension are shown with emphasis on independent variation of wavelength, repetition rate, and photon pulse length.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
05ES7GU1; 05K13PE3; 05K13GU4; 05K12CH4; 05K10PE3; 05K10PE1; 05K10GU2; graduate school 1355
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
New Journal of Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 18; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1367-2630
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; free-electron lasers; soft x-rays; accelerators
OSTI Identifier:
1307332

Faatz, B., Plönjes, E., Ackermann, S., Agababyan, A., Asgekar, V., Ayvazyan, V., Baark, S., Baboi, N., Balandin, V., Bargen, N. von, Bican, Y., Bilani, O., Bödewadt, J., Böhnert, M., Böspflug, R., Bonfigt, S., Bolz, H., Borges, F., Borkenhagen, O., Brachmanski, M., Braune, M., Brinkmann, A., Brovko, O., Bruns, T., Castro, P., Chen, J., Czwalinna, M. K., Damker, H., Decking, W., Degenhardt, M., Delfs, A., Delfs, T., Deng, H., Dressel, M., Duhme, H-T, Düsterer, S., Eckoldt, H., Eislage, A., Felber, M., Feldhaus, J., Gessler, P., Gibau, M., Golubeva, N., Golz, T., Gonschior, J., Grebentsov, A., Grecki, M., Grün, C., Grunewald, S., Hacker, K., Hänisch, L., Hage, A., Hans, T., Hass, E., Hauberg, A., Hensler, O., Hesse, M., Heuck, K., Hidvegi, A., Holz, M., Honkavaara, K., Höppner, H., Ignatenko, A., Jäger, J., Jastrow, U., Kammering, R., Karstensen, S., Kaukher, A., Kay, H., Keil, B., Klose, K., Kocharyan, V., Köpke, M., Körfer, M., Kook, W., Krause, B., Krebs, O., Kreis, S., Krivan, F., Kuhlmann, J., Kuhlmann, M., Kube, G., Laarmann, T., Lechner, C., Lederer, S., Leuschner, A., Liebertz, D., Liebing, J., Liedtke, A., Lilje, L., Limberg, T., Lipka, D., Liu, B., Lorbeer, B., Ludwig, K., Mahn, H., Marinkovic, G., Martens, C., Marutzky, F., Maslocv, M., Meissner, D., Mildner, N., Miltchev, V., Molnar, S., Mross, D., Müller, F., Neumann, R., Neumann, P., Nölle, D., Obier, F., Pelzer, M., Peters, H-B, Petersen, K., Petrosyan, A., Petrosyan, G., Petrosyan, L., Petrosyan, V., Petrov, A., Pfeiffer, S., Piotrowski, A., Pisarov, Z., Plath, T., Pototzki, P., Prandolini, M. J., Prenting, J., Priebe, G., Racky, B., Ramm, T., Rehlich, K., Riedel, R., Roggli, M., Röhling, M., Rönsch-Schulenburg, J., Rossbach, J., Rybnikov, V., Schäfer, J., Schaffran, J., Schlarb, H., Schlesselmann, G., Schlösser, M., Schmid, P., Schmidt, C., Schmidt-Föhre, F., Schmitz, M., Schneidmiller, E., Schöps, A., Scholz, M., Schreiber, S., Schütt, K., Schütz, U., Schulte-Schrepping, H., Schulz, M., Shabunov, A., Smirnov, P., Sombrowski, E., Sorokin, A., Sparr, B., Spengler, J., Staack, M., Stadler, M., Stechmann, C., Steffen, B., Stojanovic, N., Sychev, V., Syresin, E., Tanikawa, T., Tavella, F., Tesch, N., Tiedtke, K., Tischer, M., Treusch, R., Tripathi, S., Vagin, P., Vetrov, P., Vilcins, S., Vogt, M., Wagner, A. de Zubiaurre, Wamsat, T., Weddig, H., Weichert, G., Weigelt, H., Wentowski, N., Wiebers, C., Wilksen, T., Willner, A., Wittenburg, K., Wohlenberg, T., Wortmann, J., Wurth, W., Yurkov, M., Zagorodnov, I., and Zemella, J.. Simultaneous operation of two soft x-ray free-electron lasers driven by one linear accelerator. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1088/1367-2630/18/6/062002.
Faatz, B., Plönjes, E., Ackermann, S., Agababyan, A., Asgekar, V., Ayvazyan, V., Baark, S., Baboi, N., Balandin, V., Bargen, N. von, Bican, Y., Bilani, O., Bödewadt, J., Böhnert, M., Böspflug, R., Bonfigt, S., Bolz, H., Borges, F., Borkenhagen, O., Brachmanski, M., Braune, M., Brinkmann, A., Brovko, O., Bruns, T., Castro, P., Chen, J., Czwalinna, M. K., Damker, H., Decking, W., Degenhardt, M., Delfs, A., Delfs, T., Deng, H., Dressel, M., Duhme, H-T, Düsterer, S., Eckoldt, H., Eislage, A., Felber, M., Feldhaus, J., Gessler, P., Gibau, M., Golubeva, N., Golz, T., Gonschior, J., Grebentsov, A., Grecki, M., Grün, C., Grunewald, S., Hacker, K., Hänisch, L., Hage, A., Hans, T., Hass, E., Hauberg, A., Hensler, O., Hesse, M., Heuck, K., Hidvegi, A., Holz, M., Honkavaara, K., Höppner, H., Ignatenko, A., Jäger, J., Jastrow, U., Kammering, R., Karstensen, S., Kaukher, A., Kay, H., Keil, B., Klose, K., Kocharyan, V., Köpke, M., Körfer, M., Kook, W., Krause, B., Krebs, O., Kreis, S., Krivan, F., Kuhlmann, J., Kuhlmann, M., Kube, G., Laarmann, T., Lechner, C., Lederer, S., Leuschner, A., Liebertz, D., Liebing, J., Liedtke, A., Lilje, L., Limberg, T., Lipka, D., Liu, B., Lorbeer, B., Ludwig, K., Mahn, H., Marinkovic, G., Martens, C., Marutzky, F., Maslocv, M., Meissner, D., Mildner, N., Miltchev, V., Molnar, S., Mross, D., Müller, F., Neumann, R., Neumann, P., Nölle, D., Obier, F., Pelzer, M., Peters, H-B, Petersen, K., Petrosyan, A., Petrosyan, G., Petrosyan, L., Petrosyan, V., Petrov, A., Pfeiffer, S., Piotrowski, A., Pisarov, Z., Plath, T., Pototzki, P., Prandolini, M. J., Prenting, J., Priebe, G., Racky, B., Ramm, T., Rehlich, K., Riedel, R., Roggli, M., Röhling, M., Rönsch-Schulenburg, J., Rossbach, J., Rybnikov, V., Schäfer, J., Schaffran, J., Schlarb, H., Schlesselmann, G., Schlösser, M., Schmid, P., Schmidt, C., Schmidt-Föhre, F., Schmitz, M., Schneidmiller, E., Schöps, A., Scholz, M., Schreiber, S., Schütt, K., Schütz, U., Schulte-Schrepping, H., Schulz, M., Shabunov, A., Smirnov, P., Sombrowski, E., Sorokin, A., Sparr, B., Spengler, J., Staack, M., Stadler, M., Stechmann, C., Steffen, B., Stojanovic, N., Sychev, V., Syresin, E., Tanikawa, T., Tavella, F., Tesch, N., Tiedtke, K., Tischer, M., Treusch, R., Tripathi, S., Vagin, P., Vetrov, P., Vilcins, S., Vogt, M., Wagner, A. de Zubiaurre, Wamsat, T., Weddig, H., Weichert, G., Weigelt, H., Wentowski, N., Wiebers, C., Wilksen, T., Willner, A., Wittenburg, K., Wohlenberg, T., Wortmann, J., Wurth, W., Yurkov, M., Zagorodnov, I., & Zemella, J.. Simultaneous operation of two soft x-ray free-electron lasers driven by one linear accelerator. United States. doi:10.1088/1367-2630/18/6/062002.
Faatz, B., Plönjes, E., Ackermann, S., Agababyan, A., Asgekar, V., Ayvazyan, V., Baark, S., Baboi, N., Balandin, V., Bargen, N. von, Bican, Y., Bilani, O., Bödewadt, J., Böhnert, M., Böspflug, R., Bonfigt, S., Bolz, H., Borges, F., Borkenhagen, O., Brachmanski, M., Braune, M., Brinkmann, A., Brovko, O., Bruns, T., Castro, P., Chen, J., Czwalinna, M. K., Damker, H., Decking, W., Degenhardt, M., Delfs, A., Delfs, T., Deng, H., Dressel, M., Duhme, H-T, Düsterer, S., Eckoldt, H., Eislage, A., Felber, M., Feldhaus, J., Gessler, P., Gibau, M., Golubeva, N., Golz, T., Gonschior, J., Grebentsov, A., Grecki, M., Grün, C., Grunewald, S., Hacker, K., Hänisch, L., Hage, A., Hans, T., Hass, E., Hauberg, A., Hensler, O., Hesse, M., Heuck, K., Hidvegi, A., Holz, M., Honkavaara, K., Höppner, H., Ignatenko, A., Jäger, J., Jastrow, U., Kammering, R., Karstensen, S., Kaukher, A., Kay, H., Keil, B., Klose, K., Kocharyan, V., Köpke, M., Körfer, M., Kook, W., Krause, B., Krebs, O., Kreis, S., Krivan, F., Kuhlmann, J., Kuhlmann, M., Kube, G., Laarmann, T., Lechner, C., Lederer, S., Leuschner, A., Liebertz, D., Liebing, J., Liedtke, A., Lilje, L., Limberg, T., Lipka, D., Liu, B., Lorbeer, B., Ludwig, K., Mahn, H., Marinkovic, G., Martens, C., Marutzky, F., Maslocv, M., Meissner, D., Mildner, N., Miltchev, V., Molnar, S., Mross, D., Müller, F., Neumann, R., Neumann, P., Nölle, D., Obier, F., Pelzer, M., Peters, H-B, Petersen, K., Petrosyan, A., Petrosyan, G., Petrosyan, L., Petrosyan, V., Petrov, A., Pfeiffer, S., Piotrowski, A., Pisarov, Z., Plath, T., Pototzki, P., Prandolini, M. J., Prenting, J., Priebe, G., Racky, B., Ramm, T., Rehlich, K., Riedel, R., Roggli, M., Röhling, M., Rönsch-Schulenburg, J., Rossbach, J., Rybnikov, V., Schäfer, J., Schaffran, J., Schlarb, H., Schlesselmann, G., Schlösser, M., Schmid, P., Schmidt, C., Schmidt-Föhre, F., Schmitz, M., Schneidmiller, E., Schöps, A., Scholz, M., Schreiber, S., Schütt, K., Schütz, U., Schulte-Schrepping, H., Schulz, M., Shabunov, A., Smirnov, P., Sombrowski, E., Sorokin, A., Sparr, B., Spengler, J., Staack, M., Stadler, M., Stechmann, C., Steffen, B., Stojanovic, N., Sychev, V., Syresin, E., Tanikawa, T., Tavella, F., Tesch, N., Tiedtke, K., Tischer, M., Treusch, R., Tripathi, S., Vagin, P., Vetrov, P., Vilcins, S., Vogt, M., Wagner, A. de Zubiaurre, Wamsat, T., Weddig, H., Weichert, G., Weigelt, H., Wentowski, N., Wiebers, C., Wilksen, T., Willner, A., Wittenburg, K., Wohlenberg, T., Wortmann, J., Wurth, W., Yurkov, M., Zagorodnov, I., and Zemella, J.. 2016. "Simultaneous operation of two soft x-ray free-electron lasers driven by one linear accelerator". United States. doi:10.1088/1367-2630/18/6/062002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1307332.
@article{osti_1307332,
title = {Simultaneous operation of two soft x-ray free-electron lasers driven by one linear accelerator},
author = {Faatz, B. and Plönjes, E. and Ackermann, S. and Agababyan, A. and Asgekar, V. and Ayvazyan, V. and Baark, S. and Baboi, N. and Balandin, V. and Bargen, N. von and Bican, Y. and Bilani, O. and Bödewadt, J. and Böhnert, M. and Böspflug, R. and Bonfigt, S. and Bolz, H. and Borges, F. and Borkenhagen, O. and Brachmanski, M. and Braune, M. and Brinkmann, A. and Brovko, O. and Bruns, T. and Castro, P. and Chen, J. and Czwalinna, M. K. and Damker, H. and Decking, W. and Degenhardt, M. and Delfs, A. and Delfs, T. and Deng, H. and Dressel, M. and Duhme, H-T and Düsterer, S. and Eckoldt, H. and Eislage, A. and Felber, M. and Feldhaus, J. and Gessler, P. and Gibau, M. and Golubeva, N. and Golz, T. and Gonschior, J. and Grebentsov, A. and Grecki, M. and Grün, C. and Grunewald, S. and Hacker, K. and Hänisch, L. and Hage, A. and Hans, T. and Hass, E. and Hauberg, A. and Hensler, O. and Hesse, M. and Heuck, K. and Hidvegi, A. and Holz, M. and Honkavaara, K. and Höppner, H. and Ignatenko, A. and Jäger, J. and Jastrow, U. and Kammering, R. and Karstensen, S. and Kaukher, A. and Kay, H. and Keil, B. and Klose, K. and Kocharyan, V. and Köpke, M. and Körfer, M. and Kook, W. and Krause, B. and Krebs, O. and Kreis, S. and Krivan, F. and Kuhlmann, J. and Kuhlmann, M. and Kube, G. and Laarmann, T. and Lechner, C. and Lederer, S. and Leuschner, A. and Liebertz, D. and Liebing, J. and Liedtke, A. and Lilje, L. and Limberg, T. and Lipka, D. and Liu, B. and Lorbeer, B. and Ludwig, K. and Mahn, H. and Marinkovic, G. and Martens, C. and Marutzky, F. and Maslocv, M. and Meissner, D. and Mildner, N. and Miltchev, V. and Molnar, S. and Mross, D. and Müller, F. and Neumann, R. and Neumann, P. and Nölle, D. and Obier, F. and Pelzer, M. and Peters, H-B and Petersen, K. and Petrosyan, A. and Petrosyan, G. and Petrosyan, L. and Petrosyan, V. and Petrov, A. and Pfeiffer, S. and Piotrowski, A. and Pisarov, Z. and Plath, T. and Pototzki, P. and Prandolini, M. J. and Prenting, J. and Priebe, G. and Racky, B. and Ramm, T. and Rehlich, K. and Riedel, R. and Roggli, M. and Röhling, M. and Rönsch-Schulenburg, J. and Rossbach, J. and Rybnikov, V. and Schäfer, J. and Schaffran, J. and Schlarb, H. and Schlesselmann, G. and Schlösser, M. and Schmid, P. and Schmidt, C. and Schmidt-Föhre, F. and Schmitz, M. and Schneidmiller, E. and Schöps, A. and Scholz, M. and Schreiber, S. and Schütt, K. and Schütz, U. and Schulte-Schrepping, H. and Schulz, M. and Shabunov, A. and Smirnov, P. and Sombrowski, E. and Sorokin, A. and Sparr, B. and Spengler, J. and Staack, M. and Stadler, M. and Stechmann, C. and Steffen, B. and Stojanovic, N. and Sychev, V. and Syresin, E. and Tanikawa, T. and Tavella, F. and Tesch, N. and Tiedtke, K. and Tischer, M. and Treusch, R. and Tripathi, S. and Vagin, P. and Vetrov, P. and Vilcins, S. and Vogt, M. and Wagner, A. de Zubiaurre and Wamsat, T. and Weddig, H. and Weichert, G. and Weigelt, H. and Wentowski, N. and Wiebers, C. and Wilksen, T. and Willner, A. and Wittenburg, K. and Wohlenberg, T. and Wortmann, J. and Wurth, W. and Yurkov, M. and Zagorodnov, I. and Zemella, J.},
abstractNote = {Extreme-ultraviolet to x-ray free-electron lasers (FELs) in operation for scientific applications are up to now single-user facilities. While most FELs generate around 100 photon pulses per second, FLASH at DESY can deliver almost two orders of magnitude more pulses in this time span due to its superconducting accelerator technology. This makes the facility a prime candidate to realize the next step in FELs—dividing the electron pulse trains into several FEL lines and delivering photon pulses to several users at the same time. Hence, FLASH has been extended with a second undulator line and self-amplified spontaneous emission (SASE) is demonstrated in both FELs simultaneously. Here, FLASH can now deliver MHz pulse trains to two user experiments in parallel with individually selected photon beam characteristics. First results of the capabilities of this extension are shown with emphasis on independent variation of wavelength, repetition rate, and photon pulse length.},
doi = {10.1088/1367-2630/18/6/062002},
journal = {New Journal of Physics},
number = 6,
volume = 18,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}