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Title: Mitigation of upward and downward vertical displacement event heat loads with upper or lower massive gas injection in DIII-D

Intentionally triggered upward and downward vertical displacement events (VDEs) leading to disruptions were pre-emptively mitigated with neon massive gas injection (MGI) coming from either above or below the plasma. Global indicators of disruption mitigation effectiveness (conducted heat loads, radiated power, and vessel motion) do not show a clear improvement when mitigating with the gas jet located closer to the VDE impact area. A clear trend of improved mitigation is observed for earlier MGI timing relative to the VDE impact time. The plasma edge magnetic perturbation is seen to lock to a preferential phase during the VDE thermal quench, but this phase is not clearly matched by preliminary attempts to fit to the conducted heat load phase. Clear indications of plasma infra-red (IR) emission are observed both before and during the disruptions. Furthermore, this IR emission can affect calculation of disruption heat loads; here, the time decay of post-disruption IR signals is used to correct for this effect.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [2]
  1. Univ. of California-San Diego, La Jolla, CA (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  4. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X; PHPAEN; AT1010101; ERAT355
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC05-06OR23100; AC52-07NA27344; FC02-04ER54698; FG02-07ER54917; AC05- 06OR23100
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; divertors; toroidal plasma confinement; heat conduction; plasma temperature; cameras; Vertical displacement events; VDEs
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1223546; OSTI ID: 1266858; OSTI ID: 1367527