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Title: The prominent role of oxygen in the multiferroicity of DyMnO3 and TbMnO3: a resonant soft x-ray scattering spectroscopy study

Oxygen is known to play an important role in the multiferroicity of rare earth manganites; however, how this role changes with rare earth elements is still not fully understood. To address this question, we have used resonant soft x-ray scattering spectroscopy to study the F-type (0; ; 0) diffraction peak from the antiferromagnetic order in DyMnO 3 and TbMnO 3. We focus on the measurements at O K-edge of these two manganites, supplemented by the results at Mn L2- and Dy M5-edge of DyMnO 3. We show that the electronic states of di erent elements are coupled more strongly in DyMnO 3 than in TbMnO 3, presumably due to the stronger lattice distortion and the tendency to develop E-type antiferromagnetism in the ferroelectric state that promote the orbital hybridization. We also show that the anomaly in the correlation length of (0; ; 0) peak in DyMnO 3 signifies the exchange interaction between Mn and rare earth spins, which is absent in TbMnO 3. Our findings reveal the prominent role of oxygen orbitals in the multiferroicity of rare earth manganites and the distinct energetics between them.
;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [5]
  1. National Synchotron Radiation Research Center, Hsinchu (Taiwan)
  2. National Tsing Hua Univ., Hsinchu (Taiwan); Academia Sinica, Taipei (Taiwan)
  3. Tamkang Univ., Taipei (Taiwan)
  4. New York Univ. (NYU), NY (United States)
  5. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS)
  6. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  7. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Advanced Light Source (ALS); National Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu (Taiwan)
  8. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; R&D Project: PO011; KC0201060
Grant/Contract Number:
SC00112704; AC02-05CH11231
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1267541