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Title: Climate adaptation heuristics and the science/policy divide

Abstract

The adaptation science enterprise has expanded rapidly in recent years, presumably in response to growth in demand for knowledge that can facilitate adaptation policy and practice. However, evidence suggests such investments in adaptation science have not necessarily translated into adaptation implementation. One potential constraint on adaptation may be the underlying heuristics that are used as the foundation for both adaptation research and practice. In this paper, we explore the adaptation academic literature with the objective of identifying adaptation heuristics, assessing the extent to which they have become entrenched within the adaptation discourse, and discussing potential weaknesses in their framing that could undermine adaptation efforts. This investigation is supported by a multi-method analysis that includes both a quantitative content analysis of the adaptation literature that evidences the use of adaptation heuristics and a qualitative analysis of the implications of such heuristics for enhancing or hindering the implementation of adaptation. Results demonstrate that a number of heuristic devices are commonly used in both the peer-reviewed adaptation literature as well as within grey literature designed to inform adaptation practitioners. Furthermore, the apparent lack of critical reflection upon the robustness of these heuristics for diverse contexts may contribute to potential cognitive bias with respectmore » to the framing of adaptation by both researchers and practitioners. Finally, we discuss this phenomenon by drawing upon heuristic-analytic theory, which has explanatory utility in understanding both the origins of such heuristics as well as the measures that can be pursued toward the co-generation of more robust approaches to adaptation problem-solving.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Environmental Sciences Division. Climate Chance Science Inst.
  2. Griffith Univ., Gold Coast (Australia). Griffith Climate Change Response Program
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1302909
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1381-2386
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; adaptation; climate chance; heuristics; cognitive reasoning; science-policy interface

Citation Formats

Preston, Benjamin L., Mustelin, Johanna, and Maloney, Megan C. Climate adaptation heuristics and the science/policy divide. United States: N. p., 2013. Web. doi:10.1007/s11027-013-9503-x.
Preston, Benjamin L., Mustelin, Johanna, & Maloney, Megan C. Climate adaptation heuristics and the science/policy divide. United States. doi:10.1007/s11027-013-9503-x.
Preston, Benjamin L., Mustelin, Johanna, and Maloney, Megan C. Thu . "Climate adaptation heuristics and the science/policy divide". United States. doi:10.1007/s11027-013-9503-x. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1302909.
@article{osti_1302909,
title = {Climate adaptation heuristics and the science/policy divide},
author = {Preston, Benjamin L. and Mustelin, Johanna and Maloney, Megan C.},
abstractNote = {The adaptation science enterprise has expanded rapidly in recent years, presumably in response to growth in demand for knowledge that can facilitate adaptation policy and practice. However, evidence suggests such investments in adaptation science have not necessarily translated into adaptation implementation. One potential constraint on adaptation may be the underlying heuristics that are used as the foundation for both adaptation research and practice. In this paper, we explore the adaptation academic literature with the objective of identifying adaptation heuristics, assessing the extent to which they have become entrenched within the adaptation discourse, and discussing potential weaknesses in their framing that could undermine adaptation efforts. This investigation is supported by a multi-method analysis that includes both a quantitative content analysis of the adaptation literature that evidences the use of adaptation heuristics and a qualitative analysis of the implications of such heuristics for enhancing or hindering the implementation of adaptation. Results demonstrate that a number of heuristic devices are commonly used in both the peer-reviewed adaptation literature as well as within grey literature designed to inform adaptation practitioners. Furthermore, the apparent lack of critical reflection upon the robustness of these heuristics for diverse contexts may contribute to potential cognitive bias with respect to the framing of adaptation by both researchers and practitioners. Finally, we discuss this phenomenon by drawing upon heuristic-analytic theory, which has explanatory utility in understanding both the origins of such heuristics as well as the measures that can be pursued toward the co-generation of more robust approaches to adaptation problem-solving.},
doi = {10.1007/s11027-013-9503-x},
journal = {Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change},
number = 3,
volume = 20,
place = {United States},
year = {2013},
month = {9}
}

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Cited by: 17 works
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Understanding Conceptual Climate Change Meanings and Preferences of Multi-Actor Professional Leadership in New York
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    • Keenan, Jesse M.; King, David A.; Willis, Derek
    • Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, Vol. 18, Issue 3
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    Responsibility for meeting the costs of adaptation: Responsibility for meeting the costs of adaptation
    journal, July 2011

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    • Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, Vol. 2, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1002/wcc.132

    Institutions and policy processes: the means to the ends of adaptation: Institutions and policy processes
    journal, January 2010

    • Dovers, Stephen R.; Hezri, Adnan A.
    • Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, Vol. 1, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/wcc.29

    What shapes perceptions of climate change?: What shapes perceptions of climate change?
    journal, March 2010

    • Weber, Elke U.
    • Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change, Vol. 1, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1002/wcc.41

    Climate change adaptation in European river basins
    journal, February 2010

    • Huntjens, Patrick; Pahl-Wostl, Claudia; Grin, John
    • Regional Environmental Change, Vol. 10, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10113-009-0108-6

    Conceptualising climate change in rural Australia: community perceptions, attitudes and (in)actions
    journal, August 2011

    • Buys, Laurie; Miller, Evonne; van Megen, Kimberley
    • Regional Environmental Change, Vol. 12, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10113-011-0253-6

    Incorporating Agency Into Climate Change Risk Assessments: An Editorial Comment
    journal, November 2004


    Learning to Adapt: Organisational Adaptation to Climate Change Impacts
    journal, September 2006


    Are there social limits to adaptation to climate change?
    journal, November 2008


    International climate policy: a “second best” solution for a “second best” world?
    journal, October 2009

    • Richels, Richard G.; Blanford, Geoffrey J.; Rutherford, Thomas F.
    • Climatic Change, Vol. 97, Issue 1-2
    • DOI: 10.1007/s10584-009-9730-z

    Multilevel risk governance and urban adaptation policy
    journal, December 2010


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    • Prober, Suzanne M.; Thiele, Kevin R.; Rundel, Philip W.
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    • DOI: 10.1007/s10584-011-0092-y

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    • Bennear, Lori Snyder; Stavins, Robert N.
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    The relationship between adaptation and mitigation in managing climate change risks: a regional response from North Central Victoria, Australia
    journal, June 2007

    • Jones, Roger N.; Dettmann, Paul; Park, Geoff
    • Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 12, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1007/s11027-007-9094-5

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    journal, October 2010

    • Preston, Benjamin L.; Westaway, Richard M.; Yuen, Emma J.
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    • DOI: 10.1007/s11027-010-9270-x

    Adapting to climate change through local municipal planning: barriers and challenges
    journal, May 2011

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    • Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 16, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1007/s11027-011-9301-2

    Climate change vulnerability assessments as catalysts for social learning: four case studies in south-eastern Australia
    journal, April 2012

    • Yuen, Emma; Jovicich, Samantha Stone; Preston, Benjamin L.
    • Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Vol. 18, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1007/s11027-012-9376-4

    Analyzing decentralized resource regimes from a polycentric perspective
    journal, February 2008


    Understanding current and future vulnerability in coastal settings: community perceptions and preferences for adaptation in Zanzibar, Tanzania
    journal, March 2010


    Putting vulnerability to climate change on the map: a review of approaches, benefits, and risks
    journal, March 2011

    • Preston, Benjamin L.; Yuen, Emma J.; Westaway, Richard M.
    • Sustainability Science, Vol. 6, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1007/s11625-011-0129-1

    Taking the uncertainty in climate-change vulnerability assessment seriously
    journal, March 2005

    • Patt, Anthony; Klein, Richard J. T.; de la Vega-Leinert, Anne
    • Comptes Rendus Geoscience, Vol. 337, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.crte.2004.11.006

    Adaptation and mitigation: trade-offs in substance and methods
    journal, December 2005


    What kinds of knowledge, knowing and learning are required for addressing resource dilemmas?: a theoretical overview
    journal, October 2007


    Institutional adaptation to climate change: Flood responses at the municipal level in Norway
    journal, July 2005


    Understanding adaptation: What can social capital offer assessments of adaptive capacity?
    journal, December 2005


    Normalizing adaptation
    journal, February 2009


    Addressing human vulnerability to climate change: Toward a ‘no-regrets’ approach
    journal, February 2009


    Strategies to adapt to an uncertain climate change
    journal, May 2009


    Social capital, individual responses to heat waves and climate change adaptation: An empirical study of two UK cities
    journal, February 2010


    Maladaptation
    journal, May 2010


    Observed adaptation to climate change: UK evidence of transition to a well-adapting society
    journal, October 2010


    Creating usable science: Opportunities and constraints for climate knowledge use and their implications for science policy
    journal, May 2011


    Informing adaptation responses to climate change through theories of transformation
    journal, February 2012


    Learning settings to face climate change
    journal, May 2010


    Evolution of co-management: Role of knowledge generation, bridging organizations and social learning
    journal, April 2009


    In two minds: dual-process accounts of reasoning
    journal, October 2003


    Lifting the taboo on adaptation
    journal, February 2007

    • Pielke, Roger; Prins, Gwyn; Rayner, Steve
    • Nature, Vol. 445, Issue 7128
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    The need for bottom-up assessments of climate risks and adaptation in climate-sensitive regions
    journal, June 2019


    A framework to diagnose barriers to climate change adaptation
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    The Hazards of Indicators: Insights from the Environmental Vulnerability Index
    journal, February 2008

    • Barnett, Jon; Lambert, Simon; Fry, Ian
    • Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 98, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1080/00045600701734315

    Multi-level climate adaptation policy and causation narratives
    journal, November 2012


    A Ladder Of Citizen Participation
    journal, July 1969


    Tempering growth: planning for the challenges of climate change and growth management in SEQ
    journal, September 2010


    Local level adaptation to climate change: Discursive strategies in the Norwegian context
    journal, March 2005


    Connecting people and place: a new framework for reducing urban vulnerability to extreme heat
    journal, January 2010


    Rethinking adaptation for a 4 ° C world
    journal, January 2011

    • Smith, Mark Stafford; Horrocks, Lisa; Harvey, Alex
    • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 369, Issue 1934
    • DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2010.0277

    Water availability in +2°C and +4°C worlds
    journal, January 2011

    • Fung, Fai; Lopez, Ana; New, Mark
    • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 369, Issue 1934
    • DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2010.0293

    Adapting to climate variability: Pumpkins, people and policy
    journal, November 2006


    American Risk Perceptions: Is Climate Change Dangerous?: American Risk Perceptions
    journal, November 2005


    Hallmarks of organisations that are adapting to climate change: Hallmarks of adapting organisations
    journal, May 2011


    The role of governance in community adaptation to climate change
    journal, January 2009


    Creating Less Disastrous Disasters
    journal, September 2008


    Social Capital, Collective Action, and Adaptation to Climate Change
    journal, October 2003


    Is Weather Event Attribution Necessary for Adaptation Funding?
    journal, November 2011


    Adaptive Governance of Social-Ecological Systems
    journal, November 2005


    Adaptation to Environmental Change: Contributions of a Resilience Framework
    journal, November 2007


    The Linear Model of Innovation: The Historical Construction of an Analytical Framework
    journal, November 2006


    Knowledges in Context
    journal, January 1991


    Quantifying the impact of climate change on water resources at the basin scale on five continents – a unified approach
    journal, January 2010

    • Todd, M. C.; Taylor, R. G.; Osborne, T.
    • Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, Vol. 7, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.5194/hessd-7-7485-2010

    Integrated coastal zone management: four entrenched illusions
    journal, January 2008


    Kaiser Permanente’s Farmers’ Market Program: Description, Impact, and Lessons Learned
    journal, March 2012

    • Cromp, DeAnn; Cheadle, Allen; Solomon, Loel
    • Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development
    • DOI: 10.5304/jafscd.2012.022.010

    The need for bottom-up assessments of climate risks and adaptation in climate-sensitive regions
    journal, June 2019


    Procedural justice in local climate adaptation: political capabilities and transformational change
    journal, February 2017


    Understanding Conceptual Climate Change Meanings and Preferences of Multi-Actor Professional Leadership in New York
    journal, October 2015

    • Keenan, Jesse M.; King, David A.; Willis, Derek
    • Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, Vol. 18, Issue 3
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