skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Intermediate-scale community-level flux of CO2 and CH4 in a Minnesota peatland: putting the SPRUCE project in a global context

Abstract

Peatland measurements of CO2 and CH4 flux were obtained at scales appropriate to the in situ biological community below the tree layer to demonstrate representativeness of the spruce and peatland responses under climatic and environmental change (SPRUCE) experiment. Surface flux measurements were made using dual open-path analyzers over an area of 1.13 m2 in daylight and dark conditions along with associated peat temperatures, water table height, hummock moisture, atmospheric pressure and incident radiation data. Observations from August 2011 through December 2014 demonstrated seasonal trends correlated with temperature as the dominant apparent driving variable. The S1-Bog for the SPRUCE study was found to be representative of temperate peatlands in terms of CO2 and CH4 flux. Maximum net CO2 flux in midsummer showed similar rates of C uptake and loss: daytime surface uptake was -5 to -6 µmol m-2 s-1 and dark period loss rates were 4–5 µmol m-2 s-1 (positive values are carbon lost to the atmosphere). Maximum midsummer CH4-C flux ranged from 0.4 to 0.5 µmol m-2 s-1 and was a factor of 10 lower than dark CO2–C efflux rates. Midwinter conditions produced near-zero flux for both CO2 and CH4 with frozen surfaces. Integrating temperature-dependent models across annual periods showedmore » dark CO2–C and CH4–C flux to be 894 ± 34 and 16 ± 2 gC m-2 y-1, respectively. Net ecosystem exchange of carbon from the shrub-forb-Sphagnum-microbial community (excluding tree contributions) ranged from -3.1 gCO2–C m-2 y-1 in 2013, to C losses from 21 to 65 gCO2–C m-2 y-1 for the other years.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER)
OSTI Identifier:
1302506
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1324098
Grant/Contract Number:  
ERKP788; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Biogeochemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Biogeochemistry Journal Volume: 129 Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-2563
Publisher:
Springer Science + Business Media
Country of Publication:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Hanson, P. J., Gill, A. L., Xu, X., Phillips, J. R., Weston, D. J., Kolka, R. K., Riggs, J. S., and Hook, L. A. Intermediate-scale community-level flux of CO2 and CH4 in a Minnesota peatland: putting the SPRUCE project in a global context. Netherlands: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1007/s10533-016-0230-8.
Hanson, P. J., Gill, A. L., Xu, X., Phillips, J. R., Weston, D. J., Kolka, R. K., Riggs, J. S., & Hook, L. A. Intermediate-scale community-level flux of CO2 and CH4 in a Minnesota peatland: putting the SPRUCE project in a global context. Netherlands. doi:10.1007/s10533-016-0230-8.
Hanson, P. J., Gill, A. L., Xu, X., Phillips, J. R., Weston, D. J., Kolka, R. K., Riggs, J. S., and Hook, L. A. Sat . "Intermediate-scale community-level flux of CO2 and CH4 in a Minnesota peatland: putting the SPRUCE project in a global context". Netherlands. doi:10.1007/s10533-016-0230-8.
@article{osti_1302506,
title = {Intermediate-scale community-level flux of CO2 and CH4 in a Minnesota peatland: putting the SPRUCE project in a global context},
author = {Hanson, P. J. and Gill, A. L. and Xu, X. and Phillips, J. R. and Weston, D. J. and Kolka, R. K. and Riggs, J. S. and Hook, L. A.},
abstractNote = {Peatland measurements of CO2 and CH4 flux were obtained at scales appropriate to the in situ biological community below the tree layer to demonstrate representativeness of the spruce and peatland responses under climatic and environmental change (SPRUCE) experiment. Surface flux measurements were made using dual open-path analyzers over an area of 1.13 m2 in daylight and dark conditions along with associated peat temperatures, water table height, hummock moisture, atmospheric pressure and incident radiation data. Observations from August 2011 through December 2014 demonstrated seasonal trends correlated with temperature as the dominant apparent driving variable. The S1-Bog for the SPRUCE study was found to be representative of temperate peatlands in terms of CO2 and CH4 flux. Maximum net CO2 flux in midsummer showed similar rates of C uptake and loss: daytime surface uptake was -5 to -6 µmol m-2 s-1 and dark period loss rates were 4–5 µmol m-2 s-1 (positive values are carbon lost to the atmosphere). Maximum midsummer CH4-C flux ranged from 0.4 to 0.5 µmol m-2 s-1 and was a factor of 10 lower than dark CO2–C efflux rates. Midwinter conditions produced near-zero flux for both CO2 and CH4 with frozen surfaces. Integrating temperature-dependent models across annual periods showed dark CO2–C and CH4–C flux to be 894 ± 34 and 16 ± 2 gC m-2 y-1, respectively. Net ecosystem exchange of carbon from the shrub-forb-Sphagnum-microbial community (excluding tree contributions) ranged from -3.1 gCO2–C m-2 y-1 in 2013, to C losses from 21 to 65 gCO2–C m-2 y-1 for the other years.},
doi = {10.1007/s10533-016-0230-8},
journal = {Biogeochemistry},
number = 3,
volume = 129,
place = {Netherlands},
year = {2016},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1007/s10533-016-0230-8

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 7 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Environmental factors controlling methane emissions from peatlands in northern Minnesota
journal, January 1993

  • Dise, Nancy B.; Gorham, Eville; Verry, Elon S.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 98, Issue D6
  • DOI: 10.1029/93JD00160

Methane emission from Minnesota peatlands: Spatial and seasonal variability
journal, March 1993

  • Dise, Nancy. B.
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1029/92GB02299

Role of the aquatic pathway in the carbon and greenhouse gas budgets of a peatland catchment: C AND GHG RELEASE THROUGH PEATLAND STREAMS
journal, August 2010


Contemporary carbon balance and late Holocene carbon accumulation in a northern peatland
journal, February 2007


Assessing the effects of chamber placement, manual sampling and headspace mixing on CH4 fluxes in a laboratory experiment
journal, January 2011

  • Christiansen, Jesper Riis; Korhonen, Janne F. J.; Juszczak, Radoslaw
  • Plant and Soil, Vol. 343, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11104-010-0701-y

The effect of atmospheric turbulence and chamber deployment period on autochamber CO 2 and CH 4 flux measurements in an ombrotrophic peatland
journal, January 2012


Long-term effects of climate change on vegetation and carbon dynamics in peat bogs
journal, January 2008

  • Heijmans, Monique M. P. D.; Mauquoy, Dmitri; van Geel, Bas
  • Journal of Vegetation Science, Vol. 19, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.3170/2008-8-18368

SPRUCE Large-Collar In Situ CO2 and CH4 Flux Data for the SPRUCE Experimental Plots
dataset, January 2014

  • Hanson, P.; Phillips, J.; Riggs, J.
  • SPRUCE (Spruce and Peatland Responses Under Changing Environments)
  • DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/spruce.006

Beyond “the Limits to peat bog Growth”: Cross-Scale Feedback in Peatland Development
journal, August 2006


Methane Emissions from Wetlands in the Midboreal Region of Northern Ontario, Canada
journal, December 1993

  • Bubier, J. L.; Moore, T. R.; Roulet, N. T.
  • Ecology, Vol. 74, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.2307/1939577

Air Flow and Heat Transfer in a Temperature-Controlled Open Top Enclosure
conference, October 2013

  • Barbier, Charlotte; Hanson, Paul J.; Todd, Donald E.
  • ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Volume 7: Fluids and Heat Transfer, Parts A, B, C, and D
  • DOI: 10.1115/IMECE2012-86352

How strong is the current carbon sequestration of an Atlantic blanket bog?: MULTIANNUAL C BALANCE OF A BLANKET BOG
journal, December 2010


Methane emissions from soils: synthesis and analysis of a large UK data set
journal, January 2012


A large daylight geodesic dome for quantification of whole-ecosystem CO2 and water vapour fluxes in arid shrublands
journal, December 2003


Quantification of uncertainty in trace gas fluxes measured by the static chamber method
journal, November 2011


Methane flux from Minnesota Peatlands
journal, December 1988

  • Crill, P. M.; Bartlett, K. B.; Harriss, R. C.
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 2, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1029/GB002i004p00371

Northern Peatlands: Role in the Carbon Cycle and Probable Responses to Climatic Warming
journal, May 1991

  • Gorham, Eville
  • Ecological Applications, Vol. 1, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.2307/1941811

Interannual, seasonal, and retrospective analysis of the methane and carbon dioxide budgets of a temperate peatland: METHANE AND CARBON DIOXIDE BUDGETS
journal, February 2013

  • Olson, D. M.; Griffis, T. J.; Noormets, A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 118, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/jgrg.20031

Seasonal distribution of methane flux in a Minnesota peatland measured by eddy correlation
journal, January 1993

  • Shurpali, N. J.; Verma, S. B.; Clement, R. J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 98, Issue D11
  • DOI: 10.1029/93JD02181

The spatial and temporal relationships between CO2 and CH4 exchange in a temperate ombrotrophic bog
journal, June 2014


Comparison of static chambers to measure CH4 emissions from soils
journal, April 2013


SPRUCE Environmental Monitoring Data: 2010-2016
dataset, January 2016

  • Hanson, P.; Riggs, J.; Dorrance, C.
  • SPRUCE (Spruce and Peatland Responses Under Changing Environments)
  • DOI: 10.3334/CDIAC/spruce.001

A three-year study of controls on methane emissions from two Michigan peatlands
journal, January 1994

  • Shannon, RobertD.; White, JeffreyR.
  • Biogeochemistry, Vol. 27, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00002570

Methane flux dynamics in an Irish lowland blanket bog
journal, September 2007


Representing northern peatland microtopography and hydrology within the Community Land Model
journal, January 2015


Holocene radiative forcing impact of northern peatland carbon accumulation and methane emissions
journal, May 2007


Uncertainty in Peat Volume and Soil Carbon Estimated Using Ground-Penetrating Radar and Probing
journal, January 2012

  • Parsekian, Andrew D.; Slater, Lee; Ntarlagiannis, Dimitrious
  • Soil Science Society of America Journal, Vol. 76, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2012.0040

Seasonal and topographic patterns of forest floor CO2 efflux from an upland oak forest
journal, July 1993

  • Hanson, P. J.; Wullschleger, S. D.; Bohlman, S. A.
  • Tree Physiology, Vol. 13, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1093/treephys/13.1.1

Synthesizing greenhouse gas fluxes across nine European peatlands and shrublands – responses to climatic and environmental changes
journal, January 2012


Gully hotspot contribution to landscape methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes in a northern peatland
journal, October 2008


Relationship between ecosystem productivity and photosynthetically active radiation for northern peatlands
journal, March 1998

  • Frolking, S. E.; Bubier, J. L.; Moore, T. R.
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 12, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1029/97GB03367

Spatial and temporal variations of methane flux measured by autochambers in a temperate ombrotrophic peatland
journal, May 2014

  • Lai, Derrick Y. F.; Moore, Tim R.; Roulet, Nigel T.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 119, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013JG002410

Belowground carbon turnover in a temperate ombrotrophic bog: BELOWGROUND C TURNOVER
journal, March 2007

  • Blodau, Christian; Roulet, Nigel T.; Heitmann, Tobias
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 21, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005GB002659

Contemporary carbon accumulation in a boreal oligotrophic minerogenic mire - a significant sink after accounting for all C-fluxes
journal, October 2008


Long-term water table manipulations alter peatland gaseous carbon fluxes in Northern Michigan
journal, August 2013

  • Ballantyne, Drew M.; Hribljan, John A.; Pypker, Thomas G.
  • Wetlands Ecology and Management, Vol. 22, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s11273-013-9320-8

Organic matter transformation in the peat column at Marcell Experimental Forest: Humification and vertical stratification: Organic matter dynamics
journal, April 2014

  • Tfaily, Malak M.; Cooper, William T.; Kostka, Joel E.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 119, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013JG002492

Needle age and season influence photosynthetic temperature response and total annual carbon uptake in mature Picea mariana trees
journal, July 2015

  • Jensen, Anna M.; Warren, Jeffrey M.; Hanson, Paul J.
  • Annals of Botany, Vol. 116, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcv115

Emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O from Southern European peatlands
journal, September 2010


Methane emissions from wetlands: biogeochemical, microbial, and modeling perspectives from local to global scales
journal, February 2013

  • Bridgham, Scott D.; Cadillo-Quiroz, Hinsby; Keller, Jason K.
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 19, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12131

Implementation and evaluation of a new methane model within a dynamic global vegetation model: LPJ-WHyMe v1.3.1
journal, January 2010

  • Wania, R.; Ross, I.; Prentice, I. C.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 3, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-3-565-2010

Large methane emission upon spring thaw from natural wetlands in the northern permafrost region
journal, July 2012


A comprehensive data acquisition and management system for an ecosystem-scale peatland warming and elevated CO 2 experiment
journal, January 2015

  • Krassovski, M. B.; Riggs, J. S.; Hook, L. A.
  • Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, Vol. 4, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.5194/gi-4-203-2015

Methane emissions from fen, bog and swamp peatlands in Quebec
journal, September 1990


Methane on the Rise--Again
journal, January 2014


Spatial and temporal variability in CH4 and N2O fluxes from a Scottish ombrotrophic peatland: Implications for modelling and up-scaling
journal, June 2009


Ecosystem-atmosphere exchange of CH 4 and N 2 O and ecosystem respiration in wetlands in the Sanjiang Plain, Northeastern China
journal, March 2009


An ecological perspective on methane emissions from northern wetlands
journal, December 1994


A Multi-Year Record of Methane Flux at the Mer Bleue Bog, Southern Canada
journal, April 2011